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Sholgara District

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Title: Sholgara District  
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Subject: Torkham, Balkh Province, Sholgara, Districts of Afghanistan, Kishindih District
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Sholgara District

Sholgara is located in Afghanistan
Location within Afghanistan[1]
Country  Afghanistan
Province Balkh Province
Population (2012)
 • Total 110,600

Sholgara (Persian: شولگره‎‎) (Pashto: شولګره‎, šol(a)-gara, lit. "rice paddy field") is a district (pop: 110,600)[2] in the southern part of Balkh Province, Afghanistan. Sholgara, just south of Mazari Sharif (Mazar), is strategically located at the crossroads between several districts: Sangcharak, Kishindih, Dar-I-Suf. Dar-I-Suf and Sangcharak are known for their resistance to the Taliban insurgency. It is commonly said that "who holds Sholgara, holds Mazar".[3]


The demography is not clear as no census has taken place yet.

The economy is almost entirely agricultural. The Sholgar River irrigates some 40,000 jeribs (8,000 hectares) of land, and another two or three thousand are irrigated from springs. Although rainfall is low (120 mm to 200 mm a year), 150,000 jeribs (30,000 hectares) are in dry farming, mostly wheat and some barley. Only 5% of the agriculture is in orchards.

Nonetheless, Sholgara District, along with Balkh District, are the sole producers of industrial products in Balkh Province.[4] In addition karakul skins are processed in Sholgara District.[4]

Notes or references

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ UNHCR District Profile, p.1; [1], compiled 2002-04-11, accessed 2007-11-25 (PDF).
  4. ^ a b (15 July 2007) Afghanistan National Development StrategyBalkh Province Provincial Development Plan Draft p. 18
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