World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Shorncliffe Army Camp

 

Shorncliffe Army Camp

Shorncliffe Army Camp
Cheriton
Shorncliffe Army Camp
Shorncliffe Army Camp is located in Kent
Shorncliffe Army Camp
Shorncliffe Army Camp
Location within Kent
Coordinates
Type Barracks
Site information
Owner Ministry of Defence
Operator  British Army
Site history
Built 1794
Built for War Office
In use 1794-Present

Shorncliffe Army Camp is a large military camp near Cheriton in Kent.

Map dated 1801 showing Shorncliffe Redoubt on the left and the camp ground on the right

History

The camp was established in 1794 when the British Army bought over 229 acres of land at Shorncliffe; it was then extended in 1796 and 1806.[1] It was at Shorncliffe that in 1803 Sir John Moore trained the Light Division which fought under the Duke of Wellington in the Napoleonic Wars.[2]

Shorncliffe was used as a staging post for troops destined for the Western Front during World War I and in April 1915 a Canadian Training Division was formed there.[3] The Canadian Army Medical Corps had general hospitals based at Shorncliffe from September 1917 to December 1918.[4] The camp at that time composed five unit lines known as Ross Barracks, Somerset Barracks, Napier Barracks, Moore Barracks and Risborough Barracks.[3] On three occasions there were German air raids which killed soldiers on the camp.[5]

During World War II Shorncliffe was again used as a staging post and Queen Mary visited the camp in 1939.[6]

After the War the camp was known as the Sir John Moore Barracks and when The Light Infantry moved out in October 1986 the name was retained. At the same time a new Sir John Moore Barracks was established in Winchester. Currently, Sir John Moore Barracks, Shorncliffe is home to the Royal Gurkha Rifles.[7][8] Shorncliffe Camp was also the home of 2 (South East) Brigade until January 2015.[9]

Shorncliffe Military Cemetery

The Shorncliffe Military Cemetery serving the camp is also property of the Ministry of Defence. Three Victoria Cross recipients are buried here:[10]

It contains more than 600 Commonwealth war graves from the World Wars.[5] There are 471 from World War I, including more than 300 Canadians,[5] and 6 members of the Chinese Labour Corps.[11] There are buried 81 from World War II, including one unidentified British soldier and a Polish war grave. A screen wall memorial lists 18 Belgian soldiers who were originally buried in a now-demolished mausoleum.[5]

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b c d
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.