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Siddhārthanagar is located in Nepal
Location in Nepal
Country    Nepal
Development Region Western
Zone Lumbini Zone
District Rupandehi District
Municipality Siddharthanagar
Incorporated 1967
Population (2011)
 • Total 63,483
Time zone Nepal Time (UTC+5:45)
Postal code 32900
Area code(s) 071

Siddharthanagar (formerly called Bhairahawa) is a municipality near the Indian border on the Outer Terai plains of Nepal, 265 km (165 mi) west of Kathmandu Nepal's capital. Siddharthanagar is the administrative headquarters of Rupandehi District. It is known as "Gateway of Lumbini." Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautama Buddha is 25 km to the west. Bhairahawa is under the administration of Siddharthanagar nagarpalika (municipality) so often known as Siddharthanagar.


  • Etymology 1
  • Climate 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Economy 4
  • Transport 5
    • Airport 5.1
    • Railway and taxi 5.2
    • Highway 5.3
    • Local transport 5.4
    • Immigration office 5.5
  • Non-profit organisations 6
  • Media 7
  • Culture 8
    • Cuisine 8.1
  • Health 9
  • Places of interest 10
  • 2015 Nepal earthquake 11
  • See also 12
  • References 13
  • External links 14
  • Telecommunication 15


Bhairahawa was derived from the deity Bhairava a manifestation of Shiva. Siddharthanagar comes from the Buddha's given name "Siddhartha." Buddha was born near this city. Hence, the name Siddhartanagar was given by Komal Dutta Tiwari.


Winter temperatures in range from 9 to 23 °C (48 to 73 °F) up to 40 °C (104 °F) in summer. Monsoon rains usually begin in June and end in September.


The population of Siddarthanagar in 2001 was 63,528.[1] According to the 2011 census it was 163,483.

Awadhi and Bhojpuri are the languages spoken by the native inhabitants. Nepali is the national language, natively spoken by substantial numbers of who have moved down from the hill districts. The rate of immigration is increasing every year.


Siddharthnagar is a major trading city of Nepal.

There is a Custom Check Point 5 km south near Indian border for the goods transport between India and Nepal.

Around Siddharthanagar, there are several small and large scale industries. The major industries are:

  • Agni Cement Factory
  • Jagadamba Cement factory
  • Reliance Paper Mill
  • Reliance Steels
  • Goenka cement factory
  • crystal bottlers pvt ltd
  • Ostrich Nepal Pvt. Ltd.
  • Ambe Steels
  • Nandini Agro Industries Pvt Ltd.
  • Central Mart Pvt. Ltd.
  • noodles and biscuits factories
  • Sunlight manufacturing company(2015)
  • Honey Biscuit Factory
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Bhairahawa Special Economic Zone was proposed to increase trade between Nepal and India. This facility is under construction.Government of Nepal has been incourage industries to establish in this zone.



Gautam Buddha Airport; 3 kilometers from the center—has daily flights to Kathmandu.It is being upgraded as a regional international airport.

Railway and taxi

There is no railway in this city. There is a Broad gauge branch of Indian Railways from Gorakhpur approaching the international border at Nautanwa.

Taxi travel from the border crossing at Sonauli to Gorakhpur takes about two hours. From Sonauli, Siddharthanagar is only 5 km. Total travel time is 12–18 hours from Dehli and 10–12 hours from Kolkata (Calcutta).


Siddhartha Highway extends south to the Indian border at Sunauli and north through Butwal then into the hills through Tansen to Pokhara. In Butwal, this highway connects with the East-West Mahendra Rajmarg across the full expanse of the Nepalese Terai. There is regular long-distance bus and truck service to Kathmandu, Biratnagar, Birganj, Nepalganj, Pokhara and other cities in Nepal; also to Dehli, India via Gorakhpur and Sunauli taking 24–30 hours.

Local transport

Transportation options around the city and into surrounding areas include bus, minibus, unmetered taxicab and cycle rickshaw. There is regular bus service to Lumibini, Birthplace of Lord Buddha which lies in southern part of Siddharthanagar.

Immigration office

Border Crossing - Nepal has an open border where movement of Indian and Nepalese nationals concerned. There is a customs checkpoint for goods and third country nationals.

Non-profit organisations

There are several NGOs are working in Bhairahawa. Terai Development Forum is one working for healthy,social and economic status of female ,children and poor community by using local resources and increasing capability for their services and justifiable accession to the resources Samriddhi Foundation is one which is working in Education and Health sectors.


Siddharthanagar has two FM radio stations:

  1. Rupandehi FM - 102 MHz, a community radio station
  2. Siddhartha FM - 98.8 MHz.


Hindus are in the majority, with a significant minority of Muslims and Buddhists associated with sites commemorating Gautama Buddha's life and relics. There is diversity in the culture as people from several part of country live here. Awadhi and Bhojpuri culture is native identity.


Awadhi cuisine is famous here. Foods like momo and panipuri are available street food. Sweets and desserts are quite popular.Besides stars restaurants,restaurants like Anchalpur Restaurant and party place, Bunu restaurant, Pawan misthan, Kasturi restaurant, Pizza king and saambala restaurants,etcs are famous at budget rates.


  1. Bhim hospital (District Government Hospital), Bank Road
  2. Universal College of Medical Science Hospital (UCMS Hospital)
  3. Bhairahawa hospital, Naya Sadak
  4. Lumbini Eye Institute
  5. City Hospital

Places of interest

  • Lumbini Garden around Buddha's birthplace with monasteries representing nations. It is approximately 22 km (14 mi) from Siddharthanagar.
  • Devadaha, an archeological site 15 km (9.3 mi) northeast near Khairhani village. The site is associated with the Koliyas, tribe of Lord Buddha's mother and one of eight tribes receiving corporeal relics after his death at Kushinagar.
  • Ramagrama stupa, 20 km (12 mi) east of Siddharthanagar and 4 km (2.5 mi) south of Parasi in Nawalparasi District. There are emains of stupa and monastery on banks of Jahari River near Kerwani village. The stupa mound is approximately 10 m (33 ft) high and 20 m (66 ft) in diameter. Some suggest this was the center of the Koliya kingdom.
  • Kapilvastu was the kingdom of the Shakyas, Buddha's (paternal) royal family. The administrative center of modern Kapilvastu District at Taulihawa is 40 km (25 mi) west of Siddharthanagar or 18 km (11 mi) beyond Lumbini. Many archaeological sites are within 10 km (6.2 mi) of Taulihawa. Local roads are in good condition.
  • Tribeni Ghat on the Narayani River (known as Gandak in India) is an auspicious site for bathing. It attracts hundred thousands of pilgrims on Maghe Sankranti (Hindi: Makar Sankranti), approximately 15 January.
  • Valmiki Ashram near Tribeni Ghat, believed to be the place where Prince Siddhartha got down from his horse Kantaka and strode off on foot and into the jungles in his search for answers.
  • Chitwan National Park east of the Narayani River, a preserve larger than 900 km2 protecting some 700 native animal species—including gaur, tiger, rhioceros, gharial and crocodile—and flora native to the Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands.
  • meudihawa village which is situated on the southern part of bhairahawa most beautiful village all over the Nepal .

2015 Nepal earthquake

The town shook in an earthquake on 25 April 2015. However, the town did not suffer much damage.[2] 3,400 people that were evacuated from Nepal by the government of Uttar Pradesh reached the Bhairahawa border with India in 44 buses.[3][4]

See also




  1. ^ Nepal - City Population - Cities, Towns & Provinces - Tables & Maps
  2. ^ Fan, Christina (28 April 2015). "Nepalese students in WV worried about family, friends". Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "UP Govt Evacuates Nearly 7000 from Nepal". Outlookindia. Outlookindia. 30 April 2015. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  4. ^ "Nepal earthquake: Now country grappling with post-disaster diseases; 7000 Indians rescued so far". 30 April 2015. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 

External links


Major Mobile Service Provider

  1. Nepal Telecom - GSM/CDMA
  2. Ncell Pvt.Ltd. - GSM
  3. United Telecom Limited - CDMA
  4. Smart Cell - GSM

For Foreign citizens,Document ID required - Passport with valid Visa.For Indian Citizens - Passport/Indian Election card/Indian Embassy card.

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