World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Singapore Exchange


Singapore Exchange

Singapore Exchange Limited
Type Stock exchange
Location Singapore, Singapore
Founded 1 December 1999
Key people Chew Choon Seng (Chairman)[1]
Loh Boon Chye (CEO)[2]
Currency Singapore dollar, US dollar[3]
No. of listings 776

Singapore Exchange Limited (SGX, SGX: S68) is an investment holding company located in Singapore and provides different services related to securities and derivatives trading and others.[4] SGX is a member of the World Federation of Exchanges[5] and the Asian and Oceanian Stock Exchanges Federation.[6]


  • Structure 1
  • Listing 2
  • Trading system 3
  • Trading hours 4
  • History 5
    • Formation of SGX 5.1
    • Second Listed Exchange in Asia-Pacific 5.2
    • Joint Venture 5.3
    • Acquisition 5.4
    • Representative Office 5.5
    • Partnership 5.6
    • Dual currency trading 5.7
    • Financial Performance 5.8
    • Small-cap sell-off 5.9
  • Merger talks 6
    • Merger talks with ASX 6.1
      • Criticism from Tokyo Stock Exchange 6.1.1
      • Revision of takeover proposal 6.1.2
      • Rejection of merger 6.1.3
    • Cooperation and merger talks with LSE 6.2
  • Companies listed on Singapore Exchange 7
  • Major shareholders 8
  • References 9
  • Further reading 10
  • External links 11


SGX operates several different divisions, each responsible for handling specific businesses.

  • SGX ETS (Electronic Trading System): provides global trading access to SGX markets where 80 percent of the customers are from outside Singapore.[7]
  • SGX DT (Derivatives Trading): provides derivatives trading.[8]
  • SGX ST (Securities Trading): provides securities trading.[9]
  • SGX DC (Derivatives Clearing): subsidiary for clearing and settlement operations.[10]
  • SGX AsiaClear: offers clearing services for over-the-counter (OTC) oil swaps and forward freight agreements.[11]
  • SGX Reach: an electronic trading platform.[12]
  • Central Depository Pte Ltd: subsidiary responsible for securities clearing, settlement and depository services.[13]
  • Asian Gateway Investments Pte Ltd: wholly owned subsidiary[14]
  • Singapore Exchange IT Solutions Pte Ltd: provides computer services and maintenance as well as software maintenance[15]


The companies listed on SGX belong to one of two groups: the companies listed on the SGX Mainboard and the companies listed on SGX SESDAQ. In order to be listed on the mainboard, a company has to fulfill some requirements set forth by SGX, while a listing on SESDAQ is not tied to the fulfillment of any additional conditions.[16]

Trading system

The exchange launched SGX QUEST (SGX Quotation and Execution System) in August 2004. The system is used by the exchange for derivatives and securities trading.[17]

Trading hours

Local times:[18]

Start time End time
Pre open 8:30 am 8:59 am
Market open 9:00 am 5:00 pm
Pre close 5:00 pm 5:05 pm
Close 5:06 pm


Formation of SGX

SGX was formed on 1 December 1999 as a holding company. The share capital of some former exchange companies, namely Stock Exchange of Singapore (SES), Singapore International Monetary Exchange (Simex) and Securities Clearing and Computer Services Pte Ltd (SCCS) was cancelled and new shares issued in these companies were fully paid up by SGX. In this way, all assets previously owned by these three companies were transferred to SGX. The shareholders previously holding shares in SES, Simex and SCCS received newly issued SGX shares.[19]

Second Listed Exchange in Asia-Pacific

On 23 November 2000, SGX became the second exchange in Asia-Pacific to be listed via a public offer and a private placement (Australian Securities Exchange was listed in 1998). Listed on its own bourse, the SGX stock is a component of benchmark indices such as the MSCI Singapore Free Index and the Straits Times Index.

Joint Venture

On 25 September 2006, the Joint Asian Derivatives Exchange (JADE), a joint venture between SGX and Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) became operational.[20] However, this joint venture was cancelled in November 2007, with CME Groups selling of its 50% stake in the joint venture to SGX. The contracts previously traded on JADE were transferred to SGX's QUEST trading platform.[21]

In August 2009, SGX formed a joint venture with Chi-X Global, called Chi-East.[22] At the beginning of October 2010, this joint venture received approval from the Monetary Authority of Singapore to operate a dark pool trading platform.[23]


In March 2007, SGX bought a 5% stake in Bombay Stock Exchange for 42.7 million dollars.[24]

On 15 June 2007, Tokyo Stock Exchange, Inc. announced that it had acquired a 4.99% stake in SGX.[25] Since then the value of the shares has declined and the Tokyo Stock Exchange, Inc. has made a decision to sell the shares it holds in SGX to its parent company, the Tokyo Stock Exchange Group, Inc.[26]

On 31 January 2008, SGX acquired a 20% stake in Philippine Dealing System Holdings Corp, which has become an associated company of SGX.[27]

At the beginning of 2008, SGX reached an agreement to buy at least 95% of Singapore Commodity Exchange.[28] On 30 June 2008, SGX completed the acquisition of Singapore Commodity Exchange Ltd (SICOM), which now is a 100% subsidiary.[29][30][31][32]

Representative Office

On 18 April 2008, SGX opened a representative office in Beijing.[33][34]

On 8 June 2010, SGX announced it has opened an office in London.[35][36][37] This is part of SGXs move to invest S$250 million into its Reach initiative.[38] By implementing this initiative, SGX plans to create the world's fastest trading engine and a data centre as well as further connecting trading communities in the world to Singapore. The new trading platform, SGX Reach, will be delivered to SGX by NASDAQ OMX, Voltaire and HP.[39] This platform is based on GENIUM, a trading platform developed by NASDAQ OMX.[40]


SGX has entered a partnership with NASDAQ OMX. Together they will provide a suite of tools and solutions for companies, which is designed to support listed companies in Asia.[41]

Dual currency trading

SGX plan to introduce dual currency trading of securities — Which includes stocks, bonds and other listed investments in two different denominations, the Singapore and US dollar on 2 April 2012.[3]

Financial Performance

As of 31 January 2010, SGX had 774 listed companies with a combined market capitalisation of S$650 billion. The revenues of SGX are mainly from the securities market (75%) and derivatives market (25%).

SGX reported a net profit of $165.8 million for the first half of its financial year 2010. Excluding non-recurring items, net profit was 7% higher compared to 1H FY2009 ($159.2 million). In the second quarter of the financial year 2010, excluding the non-recurring items, net profit of $77.0 million was 3% higher than a year ago. Operating revenue increased 6% to $324.0 million (1H FY2009: $304.9 million).

Small-cap sell-off

In October 2012, excessive speculation led to the sharp price fall of three mainboard stocks, Blumont Group Ltd, Asiasons Capital Ltd. and LionGold Corp.[42] SGX and the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) launched a review of activities around the three stocks, and in February 2014 jointly issued a consultation paper setting out a number of enhancements to strengthen the securities market and protect investors from speculative and market manipulative behaviour.[43] Enhancements included implementing a minimum trading price for mainboard listed issuers, requiring reporting of short positions and the creation of three independent regulatory bodies.

Merger talks

Merger talks with ASX

SGX was in a merger talks with Australian Securities Exchange (ASX), which will create a bourse with a market value of US$14 billion had the deal been successful.[44][45]

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission said on 15 December 2010 that it would not oppose SGXs takeover of ASX.[46]

Criticism from Tokyo Stock Exchange

SGX's plans to buy ASX have drawn criticism from the Tokyo Stock Exchange, which is the second largest shareholder in SGX. A representative of the TSE said SGX's bid for ASX "would flag off a race to consolidate".[47] TSE chief Atsushi Saito fears isolation of the Tokyo Stock Exchange as a result of the takeover.[48]

Revision of takeover proposal

SGX revised its initial takeover proposal in an attempt to overcome some of the opposition to the plans. This would have decreased the number of Singaporean citizens on the board of the combined company and would have given addition seats to Australians.[49]

Rejection of merger

However, on 8 April 2011, the Australian Treasurer and Deputy Leader of the Australian Labor Party, Wayne Swan, made the decision to block the merger between the two exchanges. Upon the announcement that the federal government would block the merger, SGX retracted its bid for ASX shares and decided to seek growth opportunities elsewhere.[50]

Cooperation and merger talks with LSE

As of July 2012, SGX is in merger talks with the London Stock Exchange (LSE)[51] and the two exchanges already signed a cross trading agreement.[52] However, on 20 July SGX said there are no plans for a takeover of or merger with LSE.[53]

Companies listed on Singapore Exchange

As of 31 December 2012, there were 776 listed companies on the Singapore Exchange with a market capitalisation of SGD 934.543 billion.[54]

Dec 2012
Domestic Listings 472
Foreign Listings (excluding China) 159
China Listings 145
Total listings 776

Major shareholders

The following is a listing of the shareholders of Singapore Exchange Ltd holding at least 5 percent as of 31 July 2012:[55]

  • SEL Holdings Pte Ltd – 23.41%
  • Citibank Nominees Singapore Pte Ltd – 10.62%
  • DBS Nominees Pte Ltd – 7.50%
  • DBSN Services Pte Ltd – 5.65%


  1. ^ "J Y Pillay to step down as SGX chairman at year-end".  
  2. ^ "SGX appoints Loh Boon Chye as new CEO".  
  3. ^ a b "SGX introduces dual currency trading".  
  4. ^ Singapore Exchange Ltd, Reuters, retrieved 21 September 2010  Archived at WebCite
  5. ^ Singapore Exchange, WFE, archived from the original on 2011-06-06, retrieved 21 September 2010  Archived 5 June at WebCite
  6. ^ Member Directory & Profile, AOSEF, retrieved 21 September 2010  Archived 5 June at WebCite
  7. ^ Huat Tan, Chwee (2002). Singapore Financial and Business Sourcebook. Singapore University Press. p. 140.  
  8. ^ SGX Offers Derivatives Trading Via Internet,, retrieved 12 October 2010  Archived 5 June at WebCite
  9. ^ Exchange: Singapore Exchange Securities Trading Limited (SGX-ST) (PDF),, retrieved 24 November 2010 
  10. ^  
  11. ^ About SGX AsiaClear, Singapore Exchange Ltd, archived from the original on 29 May 2009, retrieved 12 October 2010 
  12. ^ SGX to invest $250m in new trading platform technology, bobsguide, retrieved 12 October 2010  Archived at WebCite
  13. ^ The American Stock Exchange and Singapore Exchange Begin Trading ETFs in Singapore, Farlex Inc, retrieved 12 October 2010  Archived 5 June at WebCite
  14. ^ Singapore Exchange Ltd's Subsidiary Acquires 49% Shares in Energy Market Company Pte Ltd, Reuters, retrieved 3 September 2012  Archived 28 January at WebCite
  15. ^ "Investments in Subsidiaries", The Asian Gateway Singapore Exchange Annual Report 2012 July 2011 - June 2012 (PDF), Annual Report, Singapore Exchange Ltd, 2012, p. 122 
  16. ^ Singapore Exchange (SGX), ADVFN, retrieved 15 April 2011  Archived 5 June at WebCite
  17. ^ Singapore Exchange adopts Financial Information eXchange Protocol to strengthen position in global financial markets (PDF), ASIA PAC, archived from the original (PDF) on 11 October 2008, retrieved 12 October 2010 
  18. ^ "SGX Trading Hours & Calendar". Retrieved 26 September 2015. 
  19. ^ Shaw, A., Singapore Stock Exchange — Demutualization and Listing of the Singapore Exchange Limited (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on 16 November 2004, retrieved 21 October 2010 
  20. ^ JADE Begins Trading With TSR 20 Rubber Futures Contract, CME Group, retrieved 1 October 2010  Archived 5 June at WebCite
  21. ^ CME gives up on JADE with SGX sell-up, FOW, retrieved 1 October 2010  Archived 5 June at WebCite
  22. ^ Ex-BlocSec CEO to lead Chi-East dark pool, The Trade News, archived from the original on 2011-06-06, retrieved 10 October 2010  Archived 5 June at WebCite
  23. ^ Chi-East receives MAS approval to operate dark pool trading platform, Channel NewsAsia, archived from the original on 30 August 2012, retrieved 10 October 2010 
  24. ^ Timmons, Heather (7 March 2007), "Bombay Stock Exchange sells 5% stake to Singapore Exchange", The New York Times, retrieved 1 October 2010  Archived 3 September at WebCite
  25. ^ Acquisition by TSE of SGX shares, Tokyo Stock Exchange Group, Inc., archived from the original on 2011-06-06, retrieved 11 October 2010  Archived 5 June at WebCite
  26. ^ Board Report for March 2009 – 1. Handling of Shares in Singapore Exchange Ltd., Tokyo Stock Exchange Group, Inc., retrieved 13 October 2010  Archived 5 June at WebCite
  27. ^ Philippine Dealing System Holdings Corp Becoming Associated Company of Singapore Exchange Limited (PDF), Singapore Exchange Limited, retrieved 1 October 2010  Archived 30 August at WebCite
  28. ^ SGX to take majority stake in Singapore Commodity Exchange, Finextra Research, retrieved 22 July 2011  Archived at WebCite
  29. ^ Singapore Exchange Limited Completes Acquisition of Singapore Commodity Exchange Limited, Thomson Reuters, retrieved 1 October 2010 
  30. ^ Singapore Exchange Ltd acquires Singapore Commodity Exchange, Alacra, Inc., retrieved 9 February 2012  (subscription required)
  31. ^ Singapore Exchange Ltd. Summary Annual Report 2008 (PDF), Singapore Exchange Ltd., p. 9 
  32. ^ "Financial Statements for the Full Year Ended 30 June 2009", Supplemental Listing Document (PDF), Singapore Exchange, p. 18 of 35, retrieved 27 January 2013 
  33. ^ Singapore Exchange opens Beijing representative office, Finextra, retrieved 2 October 2010  Archived 5 June at WebCite
  34. ^ Singapore: The Singapore Exchange opens Beijing representative office, Asia Legal Business, retrieved 2 October 2010  Archived 5 June at WebCite
  35. ^ SGX expands in London (PDF), Singapore Exchange Limited, retrieved 21 October 2010 
  36. ^ SGX expands in London, The Trade News, archived from the original on 2011-06-06, retrieved 21 October 2010  Archived 5 June at WebCite
  37. ^ SGX establishes London office to better serve European customers, MediaCorp Pte Ltd, retrieved 21 October 2010 
  38. ^ SGX to boost trading speeds, global links, Singapore Press Holdings Ltd, retrieved 21 October 2010 
  39. ^ SGX invests $250 million to offer fastest access to Asia,   Archived 5 June at WebCite
  40. ^ Gateway to Asia,   Archived 5 June at WebCite
  41. ^ Singapore Exchange Partners With NASDAQ OMX to Offer Innovative Corporate Solutions to Asian Companies, DGAP News Service, retrieved 12 April 2011 
  42. ^ Reuters "Singapore launches probe into penny stocks crash", 24 October 2014
  43. ^ Baker and McKenzie "MAS and SGX Jointly Propose Enhancements to Securities Market and Self-Regulatory Framework", February 2014
  44. ^ "SGX, Australian stock exchange in merger talks".  
  45. ^ Singapore stock exchange bids $8.3bn for Australian ASX Archived 5 June at WebCite
  46. ^ "ACCC clears proposed acquisition of ASX by Singapore Exchange". Commonwealth of Australia. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  47. ^ "Singapore's bid to buy stock exchange stings Australia's prestige".  
  48. ^ "Tokyo fears stock exchange merger plan". Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011. 
  49. ^ Shani Raja; Sarah Jones (15 February 2011). "Singapore Exchange Recasts ASX Bid to Fight Lawmaker Opposition". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  50. ^ "SGX eyes other opportunities". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 10 April 2011. 
  51. ^ Mangan, S.; Armstrong, R. (19 July 2012). "LSE, Singapore exchange in merger talks: report". Reuters. Archived from the original on 30 August 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2012. 
  52. ^ "SGX and LSE Sign Cross Trading Agreement". 11 July 2012. Archived from the original on 30 August 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2012. 
  53. ^ "Singapore exchange denies LSE merger talks". Reuters. 20 July 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-09-04. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  54. ^ SGX market statistics
  55. ^ "Statistics of Shareholdings", The Asian Gateway Singapore Exchange Annual Report 2012 July 2011 - June 2012 (PDF), Annual Report, Singapore Exchange Ltd, 2012, p. 163 

Further reading


External links

  • Annual Report 2009 : Association of Dutch Businessmen (This info should be incorporated into the article)
  • SGX Nifty
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.