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Sino-Seychellois

Sino-Seychellois
Total population
c. 1,000 (1999)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Mont Fleuri[2]
Languages
Seychellois Creole; Chinese not widely spoken[2]
Religion
Roman Catholicism[2]
Related ethnic groups
Sino-Mauritians[3]

Sino-Seychellois are overseas Chinese who reside in Seychelles. In 1999, their population was estimated at roughly 1,000 individuals, making them one of Africa's smaller Chinese communities.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Language, education, and culture 2
  • Notable individuals 3
  • References 4
    • Notes 4.1
    • Sources 4.2
  • Further reading 5

History

The first Chinese immigrants to Seychelles arrived from Mauritius in 1886.[2] Until around 1940, it was common for a Sino-Mauritian to bring his relatives over from China to Mauritius for a period of apprenticeship in his business; after they had gained sufficient familiarity with commercial practises and life in a colonial society, he would send them onwards with letters of introduction, lending them his own capital to start up businesses in neighbouring regions, including Seychelles.[3]

Like in other overseas Chinese communities, rivalry between Cantonese- and Hakka-speakers was a common feature of their social life. The two separate groups lived in different areas and even refused to marry each other, instead preferring to marry local women of African descent. They started out working on vanilla plantations, but quickly turned to shopkeeping, transport, and fishing.[2]

Language, education, and culture

In 1945, Richard Man-Cham, the father of future Prime Minister James Mancham, requested government permission to open a Chinese school. The government responded coldly to the idea.[2] Formal Chinese language education would not be established in Seychelles until 2007, when the People's Republic of China sent a teacher to work with the adult and distance education department of Seychelles' Ministry of Education.[4] Today, most Sino-Seychellois do not speak Chinese, though they may understand it.[2]

Sino-Seychellois are largely Christian.[2] There are only two Buddhist pagodas in the Seychelles, both on Mahé.

Notable individuals

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b Chinese Language Educational Foundation 1999
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Mahoune 2000
  3. ^ a b Yap & Leong Man 1996, p. 37
  4. ^ Wang 2008
  5. ^ An 2007

Sources

  • An, Ran (2007-09-12), "塞席爾領導人工作勤勉 首任總統有1/4中國血統", China Radio International, retrieved 2008-10-31 
  • Mahoune, Jean-Claude Pascal (2000), "Seychellois of Asian Origin", International Institute for Asian Studies Newsletter 20, retrieved 2008-10-31 
  • Wang, Xingye (2008-01-28), "我是塞舌尔第一位正式汉语教师 (I was Seychelles' first official Chinese language teacher)", Overseas Chinese Net (People's Republic of China: Chinese Language Educational Foundation), retrieved 2008-10-31 
  • Yap, Melanie; Leong Man, Dianne (1996), Colour, Confusion, and Concessions: The History of the Chinese in South Africa, Hong Kong University Press,  
  • Chinese Language Educational Foundation (1999), "1999年底非洲国家和地区华侨、华人人口数 (1999 year-end statistics on Chinese expatriate and overseas Chinese population numbers in African countries and territories)", Overseas Chinese Net, retrieved 2008-10-30 

Further reading

  • Benedict, B. (1979), "Family firms and firm families: a comparison of Indian, Chinese, and Creole firms in Seychelles", in Greenfield, Sidney M.; Strickon, Arnold; Aubey, Robert T., Entrepreneurs in Cultural Context, University of New Mexico Press,  
  • Fane, Ly-Tio (1985), La Diaspora chinoise dans l'Ocean Indien occidental (The Chinese Diaspora in the western Indian Ocean), Mauritius: Editions de l'Ocean Indien 
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