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Skadar lake

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Skadar lake

Template:Infobox lake

Lake Skadar (Albanian: Liqeni i Shkodrës, pronounced [liˈcɛni i ˈʃkɔdrəs]; Montenegrin and Serbian: Скадарско језеро, Skadarsko jezero, pronounced [skâdarskɔː jɛ̂zɛrɔ]) — also called Lake Scutari, Lake Shkodër and Lake Shkodra — lies on the border of Montenegro with Albania, the largest lake in the Balkan Peninsula. It is named after the city of Shkodra in northern Albania (Albanian: Shkodra or Shkodër, Serbian: Скадар, Skadar, Italian: Scutari).

Geography

The lake's surface, 6 m (20 ft) above sea level, can vary between 370 km2 (140 sq mi) and 530 km2 (200 sq mi), of which 2/3 is in Montenegro. The lake is a cryptodepression, filled by the river Morača and drained into the Adriatic by the 41 km (25 mi) long Bojana (Albanian: Buna), which forms the international border on the lower half of its length. There are additionally some fresh water sources at the lake bottom. Some small islands like Beška, with two churches on it and Grmožur, a former fortress and prison can be found on the southwest side of the lake.

Lake Skadar National Park
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Lake Shkodra and surrounding area
Location Albania, Montenegro
Area 400 km2 (150 sq mi) (40.000 ha)
Established 1983

The Montenegrin part of the lake and its surrounding area were declared a national park in 1983. The Albanian part has been designated as a Managed Nature Reserve. In 1996, by Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, it was included in the Ramsar list of wetlands of international importance.[1]

Fauna

Lake Skadar is one of the largest bird reserves in Europe, having 270 bird species, among which are some of the last pelicans in Europe, and thus popular with birders. The lake also contains habitats of seagulls and herons and is abundant in fish, especially in carp, bleak and eel. Of the 34 native fish species, 7 are endemic to Lake Skadar.[2]

Gallery

See also

References

External links

  • Tourist Agency Outdoor&More National park Lake Skadar Virpazar
  • Visitor's Guide to Skadar Lake and Eco Resort Plavnica
  • Skadarsko jezero (in Montenegrin, with a lot of images)
  • Description of Skadar Lake with photos
  • Visitor's Guide to Skadar Lake
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