World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Sony Mavica

Article Id: WHEBN0002663061
Reproduction Date:

Title: Sony Mavica  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Sony, Sony RX, Sony cameras, PlayStation Video, Sony Lissa
Collection: Sony Cameras, Sony Mavica Lenses
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Sony Mavica

Sony Mavica (1981), the first still video camera in history.
Sony Digital Mavica MVC-FD5 (1997), the first digital camera of the Mavica series.

Mavica (Magnetic Video Camera) was a brand of Sony cameras which used removable disks as the main recording media. In August 1981, Sony announced the Sony Mavica electronic still camera, the first electronic still camera.

It was not a digital camera, as its CCD sensor produced an analog video signal in the NTSC format at a resolution of 570 × 490 pixels. Mavipak 2.0" disks (later adopted industry-wide as the Video Floppy and labelled "VF") were used to write 50 still frames onto tracks on disk. The pictures were viewed on a television screen. Otherwise, this camera is positioned as the "pioneer of the digital era".[1][2]

The unreleased original MAVICA as well as the later ProMavica MVC-5000 and MVC-7000 were designed as single-lens reflex systems with interchangeable lenses.[3][4] At least the ProMavica MVC-7000 also featured lens mount adapters for Nikon and Canon lenses.[5][6] The VF format soon evolved into the backward-compatible Hi-VF format, supported by the ProMavica MVC-7000 and the Hi-Band Mavica models.


  • Features 1
  • Later Sony Digital Cameras 2
  • Mavica models 3
    • Still video cameras with storage on 2.0" video floppy 3.1
    • Digital still cameras with storage on 3.5" floppy disk 3.2
    • Digital still cameras with storage on 8 cm compact disc 3.3
    • MaviCap digital still image capture adaptors 3.4
  • Cameras of similar concept 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6


Inside the Sony Mavica MVC-FD7 Digital camera from 1997
Sony Mavica MVC-FD7 x10 Lens Assembly. The 0.3M pixel sensor is on the right hand PCB. From 1997
The 0.3 M pixel 640x480 sensor used in the Sony Mavica MVC-FD7 digital camera from 1997

The later Digital Mavicas recorded onto 3.5" 1.4 MiB 2HD floppy disks in computer-readable DOS FAT12 format, a feature that made them very popular in the North American market. With the evolution of consumer digital camera resolution (megapixels), the advent of the USB interface and the rise of high-capacity storage media, Mavicas started to offer other alternatives for recording images: the floppy-disk (FD) Mavicas began to be Memory Stick compatible (initially through a Memory Stick Floppy Disk adapter, but ultimately through a dedicated Memory Stick slot), and a new CD Mavica series—which used 8 cm CD-R/CD-RW media—was released in 2000.

The first CD-based Mavica (MVC-CD1000), notable also for its 10× optical zoom, could only write to CD-R discs, but it was able to use its USB interface to read images from CDs not finalized (CDs with incomplete sessions). Subsequent models are more compact, with a reduced optical zoom, and are able to write to CD-RW discs.

Later Sony Digital Cameras

The Mavica line has been discontinued. Sony continues to produce digital cameras in the Cyber-shot and Alpha series, which use Memory Stick and other flash card technologies for storage.

Mavica models

Still video cameras with storage on 2.0" video floppy

Mavica MVC 2000, an analog model from the mid-1980s[7]
  • Sony MAVICA (1981) (Mavipak 2.0" VF, SLR design, 3 lenses, prototype)
  • Sony Mavica MVC-A7AF (1987) (Mavipak 2.0" VF)
  • Sony ProMavica MVC-2000 / MVC-2000 PF (prototype) (1989)[7]
  • Sony Hi-Band Mavica MVC-C1 (1988) (Mavipak 2.0" Hi-VF)
  • Sony Hi-Band Mavica MVC-A10 (1989) (Mavipak 2.0" Hi-VF)
  • Sony ProMavica MVC-5000 (1990) (Mavipak 2.0" VF, SLR design, various lenses)
  • Sony ProMavica MVC-7000 (1992) (Mavipak 2.0" Hi-VF, SLR design, 5 lenses, 2 lens adapters)

Digital still cameras with storage on 3.5" floppy disk

The Sony FD Mavica MVC-FD200 with its charger and lens cap.
  • Sony Digital Mavica MVC-FD5 (late 1997, early 1998, fixed focal length lens)
  • Sony Digital Mavica MVC-FD7 (late 1997, early 1998, 10× optical zoom lens)
  • Sony Digital Mavica MVC-FD51 (mid-1998, fixed focal length lens)
  • Sony Digital Mavica MVC-FD71 (mid-1998, 10× optical zoom lens)
  • Sony Digital Mavica MVC-FD73 / MVC-FD73CUSA / MVC-FD73K / MVC-FD73WR (1999, 640 x 480 pixels. fixed ISO 100. F/1.8 40-400 mm zoom. Shutter 1/4000 sec to 1/60 sec[8]}
  • Sony FD Mavica MVC-FD75 / MVC-FD75CUSA / MVC-FD75WAL (2001) (10× optical zoom lens)
  • Sony Digital Mavica MVC-FD81 (1998)
  • Sony Digital Mavica MVC-FD83 / MVC-FD83CUSA / MVC-FD83K (1999)
  • Sony Digital Mavica MVC-FD85 / MVC-FD85WR
  • Sony FD Mavica MVC-FD87 / MVC-FD87CUSA (2001)
  • Sony Digital Mavica MVC-FD88 / MVC-FD88CUSA / MVC-FD88K (1999) (8x optical zoom)
  • Sony Digital Mavica MVC-FD90
  • Sony Digital Mavica MVC-FD91 / MVC-FD91CUSA (1999) (14× optical zoom)
  • Sony FD Mavica MVC-FD92 (2001)
  • Sony Digital Mavica MVC-FD95 (2000)
  • Sony FD Mavica MVC-FD97 (2001) (10× optical zoom, 4× speed diskette and Memory Stick slot, similar to MVC-CD1000)
  • Sony FD Mavica MVC-FD100 (2002) (Floppy and Memory Stick)
  • Sony FD Mavica MVC-FD200 (2002) (same as above but 2MP)

Digital still cameras with storage on 8 cm compact disc

Sony Mavica CD400, front view
Sony Mavica CD400, rear view
  • Sony CD Mavica MVC-CD200 / MVC-CD200CUSA (2001)
  • Sony CD Mavica MVC-CD250 (2002)
  • Sony CD Mavica MVC-CD300 / MVC-CD300CUSA (2001)
  • Sony CD Mavica MVC-CD350 (2003)
  • Sony CD Mavica MVC-CD400 (2002) (First Mavica to use "Hologram AF" laser-assisted low-light autofocus)
  • Sony CD Mavica MVC-CD500 (2003)
  • Sony Mavica MVC-CD1000 / MVC-CD1000CUS (2000)

MaviCap digital still image capture adaptors

  • Sony MaviCap MVC-FDR1 / MVC-FDR1E (storage on 3.5" floppy)
  • Sony MaviCap MVC-FDR3 / MVC-FDR3E (storage on 3.5" floppy)

Cameras of similar concept

There were other digital cameras that used disk storage as memory media.

See also


  1. ^ "Объективный взгляд / №8 Январь 2001". Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  2. ^ Sony Mavica 1981. "1981". 
  3. ^ "The Mavica was a single lens reflex with interchangeable lenses. The original Mavica was provided with three bayonet-mounted lenses: a 25mm f/2, a 50mm f/1.4, and 16-65mm f/1.4 zoom." Mavica introduction in 1981
  4. ^ Brooke Clarke's PSC-6 web site showing a ProMavica MVC-5000 and mentioning an assortment of compatible lenses: 400mm, 60-300mm zoom, night vision lens, "Wide Lens 5mm 1:1.8 Sony" (MCL-05H), "Zoom Lens 9.5 - 123.5mm 1:1.8 Made by Canon" (MCL-913T)
  5. ^ Sony Product Flyer of ProMavica MVC-7000 listing camera features and mentions accessories including Sony-bayonet-mount lenses: "wide lens" (MCL-06T), "zoom lens" (MCL-903T), "zoom lens" (MCL-806H), "wide lens" (MCL-05H) and "zoom lens" (MCL-710H) as well as two lens adapters for Nikon (MCL-200N) and Canon (MCL-300C)
  6. ^ Forum thread showing a photo of the ProMavica MVL-7000 SLR with MCL-200N lens adapter
  7. ^ a b
  8. ^ - Camera in 1999
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.