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Spanish immigration to Uruguay

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Title: Spanish immigration to Uruguay  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Spanish Australian, Spanish immigration to Mexico, Spanish diaspora in South America, Spanish immigration to Uruguay, European Uruguayan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Spanish immigration to Uruguay

Spanish Uruguayan
Regions with significant populations
Throughout Uruguay
Rioplatense Spanish · Galician · Catalan · Basque
Roman Catholicism · Others
Related ethnic groups
Spanish Argentines

Spanish settlement in Uruguay, that is the arrival of Spanish emigrants in the country known today as Uruguay, took place firstly in the period before independence from Spain, and again in large numbers during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.


Between the 15th and early 19th centuries, the Spanish Empire was the sole colonial power in the Banda Oriental. Thus, before 1811, a great part of the European settlers in Uruguay were from Spain, and they carried the Spanish colonial administration, including religious affairs, government, and commercial business. A substantial Spanish-descended Criollo population gradually built up in the new cities, while some mixed with the indigenous populations (mestizos), with the Black slave population (mulattoes), or with other European immigrants.

The Spanish settlement, along with the Italians, formed the backbone of today's Uruguayan society. Like its neighbour country Argentina, the culture of Uruguay exhibits significant connections to Spanish culture; in terms of language, customs and traditions.

The concept Spanish Uruguayans may refer to Uruguayans of post-independence Spanish immigrant descent, as long as they have retained a Spanish cultural identity; typically there are thousands of Galician immigrants.

The 2011 Uruguayan census revealed 12,776 people who declared Spain as their country of birth.[1] Thousands of Uruguayan nationals are holders of Spanish passports.[2]

See also


  • Goebel, Michael. "Gauchos, Gringos and Gallegos: The Assimilation of Italian and Spanish Immigrants in the Making of Modern Uruguay 1880–1930," Past and Present (August 2010) 208(1): 191-229 doi:10.1093/pastj/gtp037


  1. ^ (Spanish)
  2. ^ Censo electoral de españoles residentes en el extranjero 2009 (Spanish)

External links

  • (Spanish)

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