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Speaker of the Mississippi House of Representatives

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Speaker of the Mississippi House of Representatives

Mississippi House of Representatives
Mississippi State Legislature
Type
Type Lower house
Term limits None
History
New session started January 3, 2012
Leadership
Speaker of the House Philip Gunn, (R)
Since January 3, 2012
Speaker pro Tempore Greg Snowden, (R)
Since January 3, 2012
Majority Leader TBA, (R)
Since January 3, 2012
Minority Leader Tyrone Ellis, (D)
Since January 3, 2012
Structure
Seats 122
Political groups Republican Party (64)
Democratic Party (58)
Length of term 4 years
Authority Article IV, Mississippi Constitution
Salary $10,000/year + per diem
Elections
Last election November 8, 2011
(122 seats)
Next election November 5, 2015
(122 seats)
Redistricting Legislative Control
Meeting place
House of Representatives Chamber
Mississippi State Capitol
Jackson, Mississippi
Website
Mississippi State Legislature

The Mississippi House of Representatives is the lower house of the Mississippi Legislature, the lawmaking body of the US state of Mississippi. According to the state constitution of 1890, it is to comprise no more than 122 members elected for four-year terms. To qualify as a member of the house candidates must be at least 21 years old, a resident of Mississippi for at least four years, and a resident in the district in which he or she is running for at least two years. Current state law provides for the maximum number of members. Elections are held the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.

The House has the duty under the Mississippi Constitution to select the Governor of Mississippi if no candidate receives more than 50% of the vote. The power has only been exercised one time, in 1999 when state representatives selected Ronnie Musgrove to serve as governor.

The current membership reflects the balance of power after the 2011 elections, which was the first election since Reconstruction to give a majority of seats to Republicans.[1]

Powers and process

Article 4, Section 36 of the Mississippi Constitution specifies that the state legislature must meet for 125 days every four years and 90 days in other years. The Mississippi House of Representatives has the authority to determine rules of its own proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and expel a member with a two-thirds vote of its membership.[2] Bills must undergo three readings in each house, unless two-thirds of the house dispenses with the rules.[2] They cannot be amended to a new purpose.[2] Amendments to bills must be approved by both houses.[2]

The governor has the power to veto legislation, but legislators can override the veto with a two-thirds decision.[2]

State representatives are authorized under the Mississippi Constitution to select the Governor of Mississippi if no candidate receives more than 50% of the vote. This has occurred only one time, in 1999 when Ronnie Musgrove was selected (Musgrove had the most votes statewide, but fell a fraction of a point shy of a majority).

Salary

State representatives earn $10,000 per year.[3]

Composition

The following composition reflects the balance of power after the 2011 elections, which was the first election since Reconstruction to give a majority of seats in the State House to the Republicans.[1] State representatives are elected every four years by the qualified electors of the district for which they are running.[4] Candidates are required to be at least 21 years of age and a resident of the state and district for which they are campaigining.[5]

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Vacant
End of previous legislature (2011) 67 55 122
Begin 58 64 122 0
July 20, 2012[6] 63 121 1
November 19, 2012[7] 62 120 2
November 27, 2012[8] 63 121 1
January 11, 2013[9] 64 122 0
January 13, 2013[10] 56 121 1
February 4, 2013[11] 55 120 2
March 24, 2013[12] 63 119 3
April 4, 2013[13] 56 120 2
April 26, 2013[14] 57 121 1
June 10, 2013[15] 64 122 0
July 1, 2013[16] 54 119 3
Latest voting share 45.4% 53.8%

Current members

District Name Party Residence
1 Carpenter, LesterLester Carpenter Rep Burnsville
2 Bain, NickNick Bain Dem Corinth
3 Arnold, William "Tracy"William "Tracy" Arnold Rep Booneville
4 Steverson, JodyJody Steverson Dem Tippah
5 Vacant Holly Springs
6 Hamilton, EugeneEugene Hamilton Rep Olive Branch
7 Jennings, WandaWanda Jennings Rep Southaven
8 Lamar, TreyTrey Lamar Rep Senatobia
9 Burnett, ClaraClara Burnett Dem Tunica
10 Mettetal, NolanNolan Mettetal Rep Sardis
11 Jackson, LataishaLataisha Jackson Dem Como
12 Mayo, BradBrad Mayo Rep Oxford
13 Massengill, SteveSteve Massengill Rep Hickory Flat
14 Rogers, MargaretMargaret Rogers Rep New Albany
15 Huddleston, MacMac Huddleston Rep Pontotoc
16 Holland, StephenStephen Holland Dem Plantersville
17 Aldridge, BrianBrian Aldridge Rep Tupelo
18 Turner, JerryJerry Turner Rep Baldwyn
19 Boyd, RandyRandy Boyd Rep Mantachic
20 Brown, ChrisChris Brown Rep Aberdeen
21 Bell, DonnieDonnie Bell Rep Fulton
22 Sullivan, PrestonPreston Sullivan Dem Okolona
23 Beckett, CharlesCharles Beckett Rep Bruce
24 Horan, KevinKevin Horan Dem Grenada
25 Alday, GeneGene Alday Rep Wells
26 Espy, ChuckChuck Espy Dem Clarksdale
27 Smith, FerrFerr Smith Dem Carthage
28 Taylor, TommyTommy Taylor Rep
29 Coleman, LindaLinda Coleman Dem Mound Bayou
30 Huddleston, RobertRobert Huddleston Dem Sumner
31 Thomas, SaraSara Thomas Dem Indianola
32 Perkins, Sr., WillieWillie Perkins, Sr. Dem Greenwood
33 Reynolds II, ThomasThomas Reynolds II Dem Charleston
34 Whittington, LindaLinda Whittington Dem Schlater
35 Hood, JoeyJoey Hood Rep Ackerman
36 Gibbs, KarlKarl Gibbs Dem West Point
37 Chism, GaryGary Chism Rep Columbus
38 Ellis, TyroneTyrone Ellis Dem Starkville
39 Smith, JeffJeff Smith Rep Columbus
40 Nelson, PatPat Nelson Rep Southaven
41 Harrison, EstherEsther Harrison Dem Columbus
42 Dickson, ReecyReecy Dickson Dem Macon
43 Evans, MichaelMichael Evans Dem Philadelphia
44 Bounds, C. ScottC. Scott Bounds Rep Philadelphia
45 Malone, BennettBennett Malone Dem Carthage
46 Howell, BobbyBobby Howell Rep Kilmichael
47 Clark, BryantBryant Clark Dem Pickens
48 White, JasonJason White Dem West
49 Bailey, WillieWillie Bailey Dem Greenville
50 Hines, JohnJohn Hines Dem Greenville
51 Straughter, RufusRufus Straughter Dem Belzoni
52 Kinkade, BillBill Kinkade Rep
53 Moak, RobertRobert Moak Dem Bogue Chitto
54 Monsour, AlexAlex Monsour Rep Vicksburg
55 Vacant Vicksburg
56 Gunn, PhilipPhilip Gunn Rep Clinton
57 Blackmon, Jr., EdwardEdward Blackmon, Jr. Dem Canton
58 Martinson, RitaRita Martinson Rep Madison
59 Powell, BrentBrent Powell Rep Brandon
60 Moore, JohnJohn Moore Rep Brandon
61 Rogers, RayRay Rogers Rep Pearl
62 Weathersby, Sr., ThomasThomas Weathersby, Sr. Rep Florence
63 Dixon, Deborah ButlerDeborah Butler Dixon Dem
64 Denny, Jr., WilliamWilliam Denny, Jr. Rep Jackson
65 Coleman, MaryMary Coleman Dem Jackson
66 Brown, CecilCecil Brown Dem Jackson
67 Banks, Earle S.Earle S. Banks Dem Jackson
68 Calhoun, CredellCredell Calhoun Dem Jackson
69 Clarke, AlyceAlyce Clarke Dem Jackson
70 Evans, JamesJames Evans Dem Jackson
71 Wooten, AdrienneAdrienne Wooten Dem Canton
72 Buck, Kimberly CampbellKimberly Campbell Buck Dem Jackson
73 Oberhousen, BradBrad Oberhousen Dem Jackson
74 Baker, MarkMark Baker Rep Brandon
75 Miles, TomTom Miles Dem Forest
76 Holloway, Sr., GregoryGregory Holloway, Sr. Dem Hazlehurst
77 Gipson, J. AndrewJ. Andrew Gipson Rep Braxton
78 Rushing, RandyRandy Rushing Rep
79 Eaton II, BlaineBlaine Eaton II Dem Taylorville
80 Scott, OmeriaOmeria Scott Dem Laurel
81 Horne, StephenStephen Horne Rep Meridian
82 Young, Jr., CharlesCharles Young, Jr. Dem Meridian
83 Snowden, GregGreg Snowden Rep Meridian
84 Shirley, WilliamWilliam Shirley Rep
85 Middleton, ChuckChuck Middleton Dem Port Gibson
86 Lane, SherraSherra Lane Dem Waynesboro
87 Stringer, JohnnyJohnny Stringer Dem Montrose
88 Staples, GaryGary Staples Rep Laurel
89 Shows, BobbyBobby Shows Rep Ellisville
90 Warren, JosephJoseph Warren Dem Mount Olive
91 Evans, RobertRobert Evans Dem Monticello
92 Currie, BeckyBecky Currie Rep Brookhaven
93 Ladner, TimmyTimmy Ladner Rep
94 Johnson III, RobertRobert Johnson III Dem Natchez
95 Willis, Patricia H.Patricia H. Willis Rep
96 Cockerham, AngelaAngela Cockerham Dem Magnolia
97 Mims, V, SamSam Mims, V Rep McComb
98 Myers, DavidDavid Myers Dem McComb
99 Pigott, BillBill Pigott Rep Tylertown
100 Morgan, KenKen Morgan Rep Morgantown
101 Lott, HankHank Lott Rep
102 Barker, TobyToby Barker Rep Hattiesburg
103 Watson, PercyPercy Watson Dem Hattiesburg
104 Byrd, LarryLarry Byrd Rep Petal
105 DeBar, DennisDennis DeBar Rep
106 Frierson, HerbertHerbert Frierson Rep Poplarville
107 McLeod, DougDoug McLeod Rep
108 Formby, MarkMark Formby Rep Picayune
109 Barton, ManlyManly Barton Rep
110 Vacant Moss Point
111 Busby, CharlesCharles Busby Rep
112 Read, JohnJohn Read Rep Gaultier
113 Zuber III, HenryHenry Zuber III Rep Ocean Springs
114 Guice, Jeffrey S.Jeffrey S. Guice Rep Ocean Springs
115 Patterson, RandallRandall Patterson Dem Biloxi
116 Eure, CaseyCasey Eure Rep Biloxi
117 DeLano, ScottScott DeLano Rep Biloxi
118 Haney, GregGreg Haney Rep Gulfport
119 Williams-Barnes, SonyaSonya Williams-Barnes Dem
120 Bennett, RichardRichard Bennett Rep Long Beach
121 Crawford, CarolynCarolyn Crawford Rep Pass Christian
122 Baria, DavidDavid Baria Dem Bay St. Louis

With the February 2009 party switch of Billy Nicholson from Democrat to Republican, the composition became 73 Democrats and 49 Republicans. This also meant that for the first time in the history of Mississippi, the majority of the Democratic members of the House were African-Americans.[17]

See also

References

External links

  • State of Mississippi Legislature website
  • Project Vote Smart

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