World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Sri Indraditya


Sri Indraditya

Pho Khun Sri Indraditya
King of Sukhothai
Statue of Sri Indraditya, Sawankhalok, Sukhothai
King of Sukhothai
Reign 1238 – 1270
Predecessor Khmer Empire
Successor Ban Muang
Spouse Nang Suang
Issue Pho Khun Ban Muang
Pho Khun Ram Khamhaeng
and three other children
House Phra Ruang Dynasty
Born ?
Died 1270

Pho Khun Sri Indraditya (Thai: พ่อขุนศรีอินทราทิตย์; RTGS: Si Inthrathit; ?  – 1270) ruled the Sukhothai Kingdom from the year 1238 to circa 1270. He is credited as the founder of the Phra Ruang Dynasty, itself credited as the first historical Siamese dynasty, having a double claim to this title: for being cradled precisely in the region designated by foreigners as "Siam" (Khmer: Syāiņ; Chinese: Sien, etc.), and for being the dynasty which freed the Thai principalities from the Cambodian yoke.[1]


  • Difficulties in interpretation 1
  • Life 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4

Difficulties in interpretation

Initially known as Pho Khun Bang Klang Hao พ่อขุนบางกลางหาว interpreted as Lord Who Rules Sky, the controversy surrounding this names illustrates the limitations of epigraphy. This science studies inscriptions or epigraphs as writing, to identify graphemes, clarify their meanings, classify their uses according to dates and cultural contexts. Texts inscribed on steles are often missing the top or bottom portions, just where one would expect dates, complicating the drawing of conclusions about the writing and the writers. Specifically excluded from epigraphy are the historical significance of an epigraph as a document, and the artistic value of a literary composition. These complications led to the ruler in early life being simply Hao (หาว).


He was the vassal Lord of Bang Yang, a territory which belonged to the westernmost regions of the Khmer Empire at that time. The territory now lies around the northern-central region of Thailand.

Khun Bang Klang Hao together with Khun Pha Mueang, the Lord of Rad, decided to rebel and declare independence from Angkor. The Khmer's control and its prohibitive taxes was a crucial motivating factor in the rebellion. Extensive Khmer preoccupation with great architectural works weakened the ability and readiness of Khmer defenses, indirectly aiding the rebellion. Khun Bang Klang Hao captured Si Satchanalai and gave it to Pha Mueang. Pha Mueang reciprocated by giving him Sukhothai.

Khun Bang Klang Hao, was then declared king at Sukhothai, taking a name of Sanskrit origin, Sri Intraditya translated as "The Sun King with the Power of Indra". His skill and bravery greatly impressed the people of the kingdom, who thus conferred him the title Phra Ruang (Glorious Prince). This title was given to all subsequent rulers of Sukhothai, thus giving rise to the first Thai royal dynasty of Phra Ruang .

Sri Intraditya and his queen, Queen Nang Suang, had three sons. The eldest died at a young age, the second was named Ban Muang, and the third son defeated a Khmer prince in an encounter of mounted combat on elephants; he named this youngest son Ram Khamhaeng (Rama the Bold) in tribute to the feat. Sri Intraditya died around 1270, and was succeeded by his son Ban Muang.


  1. ^  

Further reading

Sri Indraditya
Born: ? Died: 1270
Regnal titles
Preceded by
(title created)
King of Sukhothai
Succeeded by
Ban Muang
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.