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Sriracha sauce

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Title: Sriracha sauce  
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Sriracha sauce

Sriracha
Horseshoe crab served with sriracha sauce in the town of Si Racha
Heat Medium
Scoville scale 1,000–2,500 SHU

Sriracha (Thai: ศรีราชา,  ) is a type of hot sauce or chili sauce made from a paste of chili peppers, distilled vinegar, garlic, sugar, and salt.[1] It is named after the coastal city of Si Racha, in Chonburi Province of eastern Thailand, where it may have been first produced for dishes served at local seafood restaurants.[2]

Contents

  • Use 1
  • Origin 2
  • Thailand 3
  • United States 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Use

Sriraja Paniche
Sriracha
Sriraja Panich chili sauce by Thai Theparos Food Products (left) and Tương Ớt Sriracha ("Rooster Sauce") by Huy Fong Foods (right).

In Thailand, sriracha is frequently used as a dipping sauce, particularly for seafood. In Vietnamese cuisine, sriracha appears as a condiment for phở, fried noodles, a topping for spring rolls (chả giò), and in sauces.[3]

Sriracha is also eaten on soup, eggs and burgers. Jams, lollipops, and cocktails have all been made using the sauce,[4] and sriracha-flavored potato chips have been marketed.[5]

Origin

The origin and history of sriracha is unknown. The sauce is purported to have been first produced by a Thai woman named Thanom Chakkapak in the town of Si Racha (or Sri Racha), Thailand.[6]

Thailand

In Thailand the sauce is most often called sot Siracha (Thai: ซอสศรีราชา) and only sometimes nam phrik Siracha (Thai: น้ำพริกศรีราชา). Traditional Thai sriracha sauce tends to be tangier in taste, and runnier in texture than non-Thai versions.[7]

In a Bon Appétit magazine interview, US Asian-foods distributor, Eastland Food Corporation, asserted that the Thai brand of hot sauce, Sriraja Panich, which Eastland distributes, is the original "sriracha sauce" and was created in Si Racha, Thailand, in the 1930s from the recipe of a housewife named Thanom Chakkapak.[7]

United States

Within the United States, sriracha is associated with a sauce produced by Huy Fong Foods[2] and is sometimes referred to as "rooster sauce" or "cock sauce"[8] due to the image of a rooster on the bottle.[9] Other variations of sriracha have appeared in the US market, including a sriracha that is aged in whiskey barrels.[10][11]

Various restaurants in the US, including Applebee's, P.F. Chang's, Taco Bell, Pizza Hut, Jack in the Box, Subway, White Castle, Gordon Biersch, and Burger King have incorporated sriracha into their dishes, sometimes mixing it with mayonnaise or into dipping sauces.[2][12][13][14][15][16] The name "sriracha" is considered to be a generic term, since the creator of the Huy Fong Foods sauce, David Tran, did not trademark it.[17]

See also

References

  1. ^ "What is sriracha?". Cookthink.com. Retrieved June 29, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Edge, John T. (May 19, 2009). "A Chili Sauce to Crow About".  
  3. ^ Moncel, Bethany. "Sriracha Sauce – Definition, History, Uses, and Availability".  
  4. ^ Magazine Monitor (December 21, 2013). "Sriracha: How a sauce won over the US".  
  5. ^ Shyong, Frank (April 12, 2013). "Sriracha hot sauce purveyor turns up the heat".  
  6. ^ Khaleeli, Homa (October 2, 2014). "Hot right now: how Sriracha has become a must-have sauce".  
  7. ^ a b Nguyen, Andrea (March 4, 2013). "The Original Sriracha".  
  8. ^ Usborne, Simon (November 20, 2013). "Sriracha hot sauce: Heated dispute".  
  9. ^ Sytsma, Alan (February 2, 2008). "A Rooster's Wake-Up Call".  
  10. ^ Fanous, Angelina (March 6, 2014). "Sriracha Aged in Whiskey Barrels is Better than the Original Sauce".  
  11. ^ Birdsall, John (March 6, 2014). "A Woman in SF is Barrel-Aging Sriracha, and it's Awesome".  
  12. ^ "Subway's Sriracha Sauce Goes National, And It's Good". Taste.  
  13. ^ "White Castle Introduces New Full-Flavored Sriracha Chicken Sliders" (Press release).  
  14. ^ Hannan, Caleb (February 21, 2013). "'"Sriracha Hot Sauce Catches Fire, Yet 'There's Only One Rooster.  
  15. ^ Harris, Jenn (February 25, 2015). "Taste-testing Taco Bell's new Sriracha Quesarito".  
  16. ^ "Burger King brings the heat with Extra Long Sriracha Cheeseburger".  
  17. ^ Pierson, David (February 10, 2015). "With no trademark, Sriracha name is showing up everywhere".  

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
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