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Stanisław "Rewera" Potocki

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Title: Stanisław "Rewera" Potocki  
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Stanisław "Rewera" Potocki

Hetman
Stanisław "Rewera" Potocki


Coat of arms Piława
Spouse(s) Zofia Kalinowska
Anna Mohyła
Issue
Noble family Potocki
Father Andrzej Potocki
Mother Zofia Piasecka
Born 1579
Podhajce, Poland
Died 27 February 1667 (aged 87–88)
Podhajce, Poland

Stanisław "Rewera" Potocki (1579–1667) was a Polish noble, magnate and military leader. Together with Stefan Czarniecki he was successful in defeating the invading Swedes and Russians during The Deluge.[1] He was the most trusted advisor of King John II Casimir.

Contents

  • Biography 1
    • Early life 1.1
    • Military career 1.2
    • Death 1.3
  • Legacy 2
  • References 3

Biography

Early life

Potocki was the son of Rotmistrz Andrzej Potocki and Zofia Piasecka and became father to Hetman Feliks Kazimierz Potocki and Hetman Andrzej Potocki.[2] Initially a lukewarm member of the Polish Reformed Church, under the influence of Jesuits and his first wife he converted from Calvinism to Catholicism. Potocki was married to Zofia Kalinowska and Anna Mohyła. After careful studies at home and abroad (mostly in France and in the Netherlands) he began his great military career by fighting the rebels with his father and uncles on the side of King Sigismund III at the Battle of Guzów. He then took part in an expedition to Wallachia and in the siege of Smolensk in 1611, during the Polish-Russian war. He also fought in Cecora (1620) and Chocim (1621). He took part in the war with Sweden (1626-1629) temporarily replacing Stanisław Koniecpolski who suffered a major defeat at Górzna in 1629. He fought the rebellious Cossacks in the years 1637-1638.

Military career

Anonymous, 17th-century portrait of Potocki

He was the podkomorzy (Chamberlain) of Podolia from 1621, castellan of Kamieniec Podolski from 1628, and voivod of the Bratslav Voivodeship from 1631 and the Podolia voivodeship from 1636. Potocki became Field Crown Hetman in 1652 and Great Crown Hetman in 1654. He was voivod of Kiev Voivodship from 1655 and voivod of Kraków Voivodship from 1658. Potocki was also Starost of Halych, Radom, Krasnystaw, Ropczyce, Medyka, Bar, Grodziec, Kolomyia, Mostyska, Drahimów, Letychiv and Dolina.[3]

He was the Elector of King Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski, Potocki was victorious over the Russian army led by Vasyl Sheriemietiev, forcing him to surrender at Cudnów. The last time he fought was against the Lubomirski rebels, suffering a defeat at Częstochowa in 1665. During his entire military career, he participated in 46 battles.[5]

Death

Stanisław "Rewera" Potocki died on 27 February 1667 and was buried in the Church of the Holy Trinity in Podhajce.

The nickname "Rewera" was given to Stanisław Potocki because of his frequent use of Latin words re vera (meaning 'in fact').

In his honour, his son, the future Hetman of the Crown Andrzej Potocki, founded in 1662 the city of Stanisławów.

Legacy

References

  1. ^ http://portalwiedzy.onet.pl/73808,,,,potocki_stanislaw_rewera,haslo.html
  2. ^ http://www.geni.com/people/Stanis%C5%82aw-Potocki-h-Pilawa-Srebrna/6000000006627304269
  3. ^ http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/display.asp?linkpath=pages\P\O\PotockiStanisK5awRewera.htm
  4. ^ http://teatrnn.pl/leksykon/taxonomy/term/9082
  5. ^ https://www.facebook.com/naszdziennik/posts/668108996575321
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