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Starodub

 

Starodub

Starodub (English)
Стародуб (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -

Location of Bryansk Oblast in Russia
Starodub is located in Bryansk Oblast
Starodub
Location of Starodub in Bryansk Oblast
Coordinates:
Administrative status (as of January 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Bryansk Oblast[2]
Administratively subordinated to Starodubsky Urban Administrative Okrug (town of oblast significance)[2]
Administrative center of Starodubsky Urban Administrative Okrug,[2] Starodubsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of August 2012)
Urban okrug Starodub Urban Okrug[3]
Administrative center of Starodub Urban Okrug[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 19,010 inhabitants[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[5]
Known since 11th century
Official website
Starodub]] on Wikimedia Commons

Starodub (Russian: Староду́б, lit. old oak) is a town in Bryansk Oblast, Russia, located on the Babinets River (the Dnieper basin), 169 kilometers (105 mi) southwest of Bryansk. Population: 19,010 (2010 Census);[4] 18,643 (2002 Census);[6] 18,906 (1989 Census);[7] 16,000 (1975).

Contents

  • History 1
  • Administrative and municipal status 2
  • Architecture 3
  • References 4
    • Notes 4.1
    • Sources 4.2
  • External links 5

History

Starodub has been known since the 11th century, when it was a part of Severia. It was burned to the ground by the Mongols in the 13th century. It became a part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 14th century, and later the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In 1503–1618, Starodub was a part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow and then Poland until 1648. During the Khmelnytskyi Uprising, it became the center of Starodub Cossack Regiment and enjoyed a large measure of autonomy between 1666 and 1686.

Starodub remained a part of autonomous Cossack Hetmanate until 1781 when it became an uyezd town. In 1796, Starodub was incorporated into Chernigov Governorate. In 1918, the town was occupied by the Germans. The Soviet authority was reinstated in November 1918.

During the Soviet period, Starodub was a part of Gomel Governorate (1919–1926), Bryansk Governorate (1926–1929), Western Oblast (1929–1937), and Oryol Oblast (1937–1944). The town was once again occupied by the Germans between August 18, 1941 and September 22, 1943. Starodub finally became a part of Bryansk Oblast in 1944.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Starodub serves as the administrative center of Starodubsky District,[1] even though it is not a part of it.[2] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as Starodubsky Urban Administrative Okrug—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Starodubsky Urban Administrative Okrug is incorporated as Starodub Urban Okrug.[2]

Prior to January 1, 2013, Starodub was administratively incorporated as a town of district significance within Starodubsky District.

Architecture

As a significant center of the Cossack Hetmanate, Starodub is the only place in Russia where authentic examples of Ukrainian Baroque may be seen. The Nativity Cathedral, built in 1617 and overhauled after a conflagration in 1677, is a typical example of Cossack Baroque. The Epiphany Church goes back to 1789, while the Church of St. Nicholas was erected in the Neoclassical style in 1802.

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Law #13-Z
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #69-Z
  3. ^ a b Law #3-Z
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian).  
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^  
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources

  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №13-З от 5 июня 1997 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Брянской области», в ред. Закона №4-З от 5 февраля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Брянской области». Опубликован: "Брянский рабочий", №119, 24 июня 1997 г. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #13-Z of June 5, 1997 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Bryansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #4-Z of February 5, 2014 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Bryansk Oblast. ).
  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №69-З от 2 ноября 2012 г. «Об образовании городских административных округов, поселковых административных округов, сельских административных округов, установлении границ, наименований и административных центров административных округов в Брянской области». Вступил в силу 1 января 2013 г. Опубликован: Информационный бюллетень "Официальная Брянщина", №16, 6 ноября 2012 г.. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #69-Z of November 2, 2002 On the Establishment of Urban Administrative Okrugs, Settlement Administrative Okrugs, Rural Administrative Okrugs, on Establishing Borders, Names, and Administrative Centers of the Administrative Okrugs of Bryansk Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2013.).
  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №3-З от 9 марта 2005 г. «О наделении муниципальных образований статусом статусом городского округа, муниципального района, городского поселения, сельского поселения и установлении границ муниципальных образований в Брянской области», в ред. Закона №75-З от 28 сентября 2015 г. «Об изменении статуса населённого пункта посёлок Красный Ятвиж Клетнянского района Брянской области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Брянская неделя", №13, 8 апреля 2005 г. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #3-Z of March 9, 2005 On Granting the Municipal Formations the Status of Urban Okrug, Municipal District, Urban Settlement, Rural Settlement and on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Bryansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #75-Z of September 28, 2015 On Changing the Status of the Inhabited Locality the Settlement of Krasny Yatvizh in Kletnyansky District of Bryansk Oblast. Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication.).

External links

  • Official website of Starodub (Russian)
  • Unofficial website of Starodub (Russian)
  • The murder of the Jews of Starodub during World War II, at Yad Vashem website.
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