World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Station (Australian agriculture)

 

Station (Australian agriculture)

A cattle station in northern New South Wales
Border Collie and a collie cross working sheep in Queensland
Noonkanbah woolshed, now the community centre in Western Australia
Cattle and horses in stockyards at Victoria River Downs Station circa 1985

In Australia, a station is a large landholding used for livestock production. It corresponds to the North American term ranch or South American estancia. The owner of a station is called a grazier (which corresponds to the North American term rancher) or pastoralist.

Originally station referred to the owner's house and the outbuildings of a pastoral property, but it now generally refers to the whole holding.[1] Stations in Australia are, in most cases, on pastoral lease, and are known colloquially as sheep stations or cattle stations as most are stock specific, dependent upon the country and rainfall. The operators or owners are thus known as pastoralists.[2]

Contents

  • Sizes 1
  • Facilities 2
  • Personnel 3
  • Popular culture 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Sources 7
  • External links 8

Sizes

Sheep and cattle stations can be thousands of square kilometres in area, with the nearest neighbour being hundreds of kilometres away. Anna Creek station in South Australia is the world's largest working cattle station.[3] It is roughly 24,000 square kilometres (5,900,000 acres) which is 8,000 km2 larger than Alexandria Station, a cattle station spanning more than 1.8 million hectares in the Northern Territory and four times the size of America's biggest ranch, which is only 6,000 km2.[4][5]

Facilities

Because of the extended distances, there is a School of the Air so that children can attend classes from their homes, originally using pedal powered radios to communicate with the teachers. The larger stations have their own school and teacher to educate the children on the station until at least they commence high school. Large isolated stations have their own stores to supply workers with their needs.

Medical assistance is given by the Royal Flying Doctor Service, where medical staff such as doctors and nurses can treat patients at their homes, or airlift emergency and seriously ill patients to hospitals at the nearest towns. The Westpac Life Saver Rescue Helicopter Service and its trained medical crews also respond quickly to emergencies threatening the life, health and safety of people caused through medical emergency, illness, natural disaster, accidents or mishap.

Personnel

A station hand is an employee, who is involved in routine duties on a station and this may also involve caring for livestock.

Some stations are in remote areas that are not easy to access, limiting their population greatly. Accommodation for couples and families may be limited.[6] Consequently, many station employees are young and temporary. An important example is the jackaroo (male) or jillaroo (female), a young person who works on a station for several years in a form of apprenticeship, in order to become an overseer or rural property manager.[7][8] Aborigines have played a big part in the northern cattle industry where they were competent stockmen on the cattle stations. Nowadays staff on these stations may work in the homestead and in stock camps. Stockmen, especially ringers, may be seasonal employees. Others include boremen, managers, mechanics, machinery operators (including grader drivers), station and camp cooks, teachers, overseers and bookkeepers. Veterinary surgeons also fly to some of the more distant cattle and sheep stations.

Popular culture

The long-running television drama McLeod's Daughters is set on an Australian cattle station.

The film Australia was set on a fictional station Faraway Downs, but parts were filmed on Home Valley Station.[9]

Jeannie Gunn arrived at Elsey Station in 1902 leaving after her husband died and in 1908 wrote the book We of the Never Never based on her time at on the property.[10]

Elsey also featured in the 1946 film The Overlanders, the crew set up camp on the property for a month. The river crossing sequence was shot at the Roper River.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Chisholm, Alec H.". The Australian Encyclopaedia 8. Sydney: Halstead Press. 1963. p. 275. 
  2. ^ Taylor, Peter (1988), Station life in Australia : pioneers and pastoralists, Allen & Unwin,  
  3. ^ Mercer, Phil (2008-06-09). "Cattle farms lure Australian women". BBC. Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  4. ^ Crozier, Randall (2005-07-14). "Big, big Anna Creek Station". SA Country Hour Summary (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 2008-11-17. 
  5. ^ "Anna Creek Station". Wrightsair. Retrieved 2008-02-08. 
  6. ^ NAPCO
  7. ^ Delbridge, Arthur, The Macquarie Dictionary, 2nd ed., p. 937, Macquarie Library, North Ryde, 1991
  8. ^ Chisholm, Alec H. (ed.), The Australian Encyclopaedia, "Jackeroo", Halstead Press, Sydney, 1963
  9. ^ "Faraway Downs Station Kununurra Australia". 3 March 2013. 
  10. ^ Rutledge, Martha (2000). "Gunn, Jeannie (1870 - 1961)".  
  11. ^ Overlanders" film unit returns""".  

Sources

  • Hanks, Patrick; Urdang, Lawrence (Editorial Director) (1984) [1979]. Collins Dictionary of the English Language. G. a. Wilkes (Aust. cnsltnt) (2nd ed.). Wm. Collins.  

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.