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Steiner House

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Steiner House

Haus Steiner, Sankt-Veit-Gasse 10, Vienna

Steiner House is a building in Vienna, Austria. It is considered one of the major works of architect Adolf Loos.

Background

Loos was still starting his career in 1910 when he designed and constructed the Steiner House in Vienna, Austria. This design was much better accepted than Loos' earlier works and quickly became a worldwide example of [Notes 1] The served space in this house is neatly separated from the serving space by placing the serving space in the basement and attic. This was the style for which Loos strove: a refined and intricate interior with a simple and nonthreatening exterior.[2]:14

The Steiner house has a stucco façade like most of his other buildings but not without reason. Loos built his buildings with roughcast walls and used the stucco to form a protective skin over the bricks. Loos did not want to use the stucco as a cheap imitation rock and condemned that practice; in general he used stucco for its functionality. The stucco façades have another benefit: they create a smooth, unornamented, and white surface. This surface represents the nature of the material and also does not hint to what is inside the building.[1]:66

Most of Loos' works were located in open lots and did not need any party walls and yet they faced other constraints that he had to work around. In the case of the Steiner house, Loos was only able build one floor above the street level.[3]:39 This led him to create a one quarter round roof that is facing the street. This roof flattens out the apex and makes the two additional floors that look out onto the garden impossible to see from the street. The curved roof was an interesting choice because it was not a straight break from gabled roofs or a brand new innovative idea. Instead it was meant to demonstrate certainty of form and economy of space, proving that traditions can be manipulated or rid of completely, for a functional and non-aesthetic purpose.[1]:61

Notes

  1. ^ In Europe, the "first floor" of a building is the first floor above ground level. Thus, the first floor is distinguished from the ground floor. In the United States, the first floor and the ground floor are generally synonymous. See storey.

References

  1. ^ a b c d Tournikiotis, Panayotis (1994). Adolf Loos. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.  
  2. ^ Risselda, Max; Loos, Adolf (2008). RaumPlan Versus Plan Libre. Rotterdam: 010 Publishers.  
  3. ^ Sharp, Dennis (2002). Twentieth-century architecture: a visual history. Images Publishing.  
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