World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Stephen A. Mitchell (politician)

Article Id: WHEBN0023105151
Reproduction Date:

Title: Stephen A. Mitchell (politician)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Democratic Party (United States), William F. Harrity, David Wilhelm, District of Columbia Democratic State Committee, 1844 Democratic National Convention
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Stephen A. Mitchell (politician)

Stephen A. Mitchell (August 3, 1903 - April 23, 1974) was an American attorney and Democratic Party official. He served as chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 1952 to 1956, and was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination for Governor of Illinois in 1958.

Early life and career

Mitchell was born August 3, 1903 in [1] He practiced law in Chicago from 1932 to 1942, returning to Washington as a Senate committee counsel.[1]

Political activist

Mitchell helped Adlai Stevenson enter politics, and helped manage his successful gubernatorial run. In 1952, after being selected as the Democratic candidate for President, Stevenson designated Mitchell as chairman of the DNC.[1] When Republican Vice Presidential candidate Senator Richard Nixon was disclosed to have had a private fund reimburse him for his political expenses, Mitchell called for Nixon's resignation from the ticket, a demand that "recoiled" on him with the massive public wave of support for Nixon following the Checkers speech,[2] in which Mitchell's demand was referred to and he himself mentioned by name.[3]

While the Democratic ticket was defeated in a landslide in 1952, Mitchell worked with Stevenson to pay off the party's massive campaign debt and work toward recapturing control of Congress in 1954. He was successful on both counts.[1] It would take the Republicans 26 years to recapture the Senate and 40 years to recapture the House of Representatives. He also put in place new rules to ensure that Democratic party officials would either have to support the ticket or resign—which had been a problem in 1952, with some Democrats reluctant to oppose Republican presidential candidate General Dwight Eisenhower.[1]

Later life

Mitchell left the DNC in 1956, and in 1960 made an unsuccessful run for Governor from Illinois. He was defeated in the Democratic primary in a crushing defeat, losing to Otto Kerner, Jr., receiving 17%, though he attracted 185,000 votes. He died in Washington DC in 1974.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f (fee for article) "S.A. Mitchell, 77, Party chairman", The New York Times, April 24, 1974, retrieved 2009-06-05 
  2. ^ (fee for article) "G.O.P. turns Nixon case to its own advantage", The New York Times, September 28, 1952, retrieved 2009-06-05 
  3. ^ Primary Sources: Checkers speech,, retrieved 2009-06-05 

External links

  • A film clip "Longines Chronoscope with Stephen A. Mitchell" is available for free download at the Internet Archive []
  • A film clip "Longines Chronoscope with Stephenhen A. Mitchell (SIC)" is available for free download at the Internet Archive []

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.