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Stuart, Florida

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Stuart, Florida

Stuart, Florida
Downtown Stuart
Downtown Stuart
Nickname(s): Sailfish Capital of the World
Location in Martin County and the state of Florida
Location in Martin County and the state of Florida
Country United States
State Florida
County  Martin
City 1914
 • Type Commission-Manager
 • Mayor Troy A. McDonald
 • Vice Mayor Kelli Glass-Leighton
 • Total 8.5 sq mi (22 km2)
 • Land 6.3 sq mi (16 km2)
 • Water 2.2 sq mi (6 km2)
Elevation 10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 15,593
 • Density 1,721.5/sq mi (664.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 34994-34997
Area code(s) 772
FIPS code 12-68875[1]
GNIS feature ID 0291756[2]

Stuart is a city in and county seat of Martin County, Florida. Located on Florida's Treasure Coast, Stuart is the largest of four incorporated municipalities in Martin County. The population was 15,593 in the 2010 census.[3] [4] It is part of the Port St. Lucie, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area.


In the 18th century, several Spanish galleons were shipwrecked in the Martin County area of Florida's Treasure Coast. The multiple wrecks were reportedly the result of a hurricane, and the ships were carrying unknown quantities of gold and silver. Some of this treasure has since been recovered, and its presence resulted in the region's name.
The historic Dudley-Bessey House on SW Atlanta Avenue is now a yacht brokerage office
In 1832, pirate Pedro Gilbert who often used a sandbar off the coast as a lure to unsuspecting prey, chased and caught the Mexican, a US merchant ship. Although he attempted to burn the ship and kill the crew, they survived to report the incident, ultimately resulting in the capture and subsequent execution of Gilbert and his crew.The bar from which is lured his intended booty is named "Gilbert's Bar" on nautical charts.[5]
The Old Martin County Courthouse, built in 1937, now the Courthouse Cultural Center
The Treasure Coast area that became Stuart was first settled by non-Native Americans in 1870. In 1875, a United States Lifesaving Station was established on Hutchinson Island, near Stuart. Today, the station is known as Gilbert's Bar House of Refuge and is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Stuart riverwalk before damaged from Hurricane Jeanne

From 1893-1895, the area was called Potsdam. This name was chosen by Otto Stypmann, a local landowner originally from Potsdam, Germany. Stypmann, with his brother Ernest, owned the land that would become downtown Stuart. Potsdam was renamed Stuart in 1895, after the establishment of the Florida East Coast Railway, in honor of Homer Hine Stuart, Jr., another local landowner.

When Stuart was incorporated as a town in 1914, it was located in Palm Beach County. In 1925, Stuart was chartered as a city and named the county seat of the newly created Martin County.[6]

The city of Stuart is known as the Sailfish Capital of the World, because of the many sailfish found in the ocean off Martin County.

Between 1871 and 2005, 19 hurricanes have passed through Stuart, including Isbell (1964), Frances (2004), Jeanne (2004), and Wilma (2005).[7]


Stuart is located at .[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.5 square miles (22 km2), of which 6.3 square miles (16 km2) is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) is water.


According to the Köppen climate classification, Stuart has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) with hot, humid summers, with frequent rainfall, and warm, dry winters. Located near the northern end of a true tropical climate, Stuart has a noticeably seasonal precipitation pattern, with June through September being the wettest months, and the dry season from November through April.

Summers (May through October) feature typical tropical-type weather conditions - with hot temperatures, intense sun, and frequent (daily) thundershowers that build in the daytime heat. High temperatures in the upper 80s to low 90s. The city's coastal location prevents temperatures from becoming very hot, though heat indices are often over 100 °F. There are 76 days of 90+ °F highs annually. On average, 96 °F is the highest temperature recorded each summer. Late summer brings an increased threat of tropical storms and hurricanes (though landfalls are rare). Several major hurricanes have impacted Stuart since 1900, with Hurricane David in 1979 and hurricanes Frances and Jeanne caused moderate damage to the area in 2004.

Winter (November through April) or the dry season brings much cooler and drier air masses, and humidity and dew points fall considerably. Winters can become quite dry, and by late winter (March) there is often high fire danger and even residential water use restrictions. Average daytime highs in the winter/dry season are from 73 F to 77 F, though occasional strong cold fronts bring brief rainfall followed by cooler temperatures, with highs in the 50's F for a few days each winter . Low temperatures fall rarely fall below 40 F, and most winters are frost - free. The first cold front of the season usually occurs in October or November, when the first low below 60 °F usually occurs. Though weather during this time is generally more mild, mid winter highs can still hit 80 F or higher on occasion.

Climate data for Stuart, Florida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 89
Average high °F (°C) 73.5
Average low °F (°C) 54.7
Record low °F (°C) 23
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.59
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.01 in) 9 8 10 9 10 16 18 17 17 14 10 9 147
Source: [1]


As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 15,593 people, 7,220 households, and 3,422 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,320.5 per square mile (896.0/km2). There were 8,777 housing units at an average density of 1,391.9 per square mile (537.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.30% White, 12.33% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.97% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.29% of the population.

There were 7,220 households out of which 15.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.7% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 52.6% were non-families. 46.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 26.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.88 and the average family size was 2.60.

In the city the population was spread out with 14.5% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 32.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males.

Public health and safety

Stuart hosts one of the two Florida Department of Health offices in Martin County, the other being in Indiantown.[9]


Personal income

The median income for a household in the city was $35,954, and the median income for a family was $47,736. Males had a median income of $29,151 versus $23,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,020. About 7.8% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over. Stuart is publicly seen as a new coming old city, starting a new boom in its local economy with construction of a new bridge, rise of new buildings and roadways being restored.

The cost of living in Stuart is 88, on a relative scale where the U.S. average is represented by 100.[10]

Cost of Living Stuart U.S.
Overall 88 100
Food 105 100
Utilities 97 100
Housing 55 100


Various businesses cater to tourists, such as fishing charters, boating charters, sailing, cruises , SCUBA and snorkeling, and nature tours

Top employers

According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[11] the top employers in the Stuart area are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Martin Health System 2,825
2 Martin County School District 2,566
3 Martin County 1,566
4 Publix 1,276
5 State of Florida 637
6 iVox Solutions 532
7 TurboCombustor Technology 420
8 Winn-Dixie 329
9 Liberator Medical Supply 319
10 Florida Power & Light 303


Witham Field is a public-use airport located one mile southeast of the central business district.

Local transit is provided by the county.[12][13]


  • South Fork High School
  • Martin County High School
  • Redeemer Lutheran School
  • St. Joseph Catholic School
  • Pinewood Elementary
  • Port Salerno Elementary
  • Murray Middle School
  • Hidden Oaks Middle School
  • Stuart Middle School
  • J.D. Parker School of Science, Math and Technology
  • Anderson Middle School
  • Crystal Lake Elementary
  • Community Christian Academy
  • Hobe Sound Christian Academy
  • Clark Advanced Learning Center
  • The Pine School

Neighborhoods inside city limits

  • St. Lucie Estates
  • Towne Park
  • Windermere
  • Indian Pines
  • The Crossings
  • Parkview
  • Astorwood
  • Ocean Boulevard area
  • Downtown Stuart
  • North River Shores
  • Palm Lake Park
  • Willoughby Golf Club

Arts and culture

Notable people


  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Florida, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007".  
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ Johnson, Larry (13 May 2009). "column:Always Learning". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 1D. 
  6. ^ "Our Area's History". Stuary/Martin County Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2009-11-11. 
  7. ^ "Stuart,Florida's history with tropical systems". Hurricane City. Retrieved 2009-11-11. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Compare Cost of Living". Sperling's Best Places. Retrieved 2014-06-17. 
  11. ^ "City of StuartCAFR". Retrieved 2012-11-17. 
  12. ^,4445074&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL
  13. ^
  14. ^ Audubon of Martin County: Possum Long Nature Center

External links

  • City of Stuart Website
  • Stuart/Martin County Chamber of Commerce
  • Stuart Florida Community
  • Stuart, Florida at DMOZ
  • 1964 Stuart, Florida, Travelogue by E. W. Dutton
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