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Stuyvesant Square

The central fountain in the western portion of the park; the park is bisected by
Landmarked row houses on 18th Street between First and Second Avenues in the Stuyvesant Square neighborhood.
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney's statue of Peter Stuyvesant in the western half of the park
Statue of Antonín Dvořák in the eastern half, not far from the site of his house
A walkway in the park in summertime

Stuyvesant Square is a park in the New York City borough of Manhattan, located between 15th Street and 17th Street and Rutherford Place and Nathan D. Perlman Place, formerly Livingston Place. Second Avenue divides the park into two halves, east and west, and each half is surrounded by the original cast-iron fence.[1] The name is also used for the neighborhood around the park, roughly bounded by 14th and 18th Streets and First and Third Avenues.[2]

Directly around the square are the Beth Israel Medical Center – part of which, the Robert Mapplethorpe Residential Treatment Facility for AIDS patients, was built on the site of Bohemian composer Antonín Dvořák's 1893 home at 327 East 17th Street.[3] Nearby, within the neighborhood, is the old Stuyvesant High School building, still in educational use as the "Old Stuyvesant Campus".

The square and its immediate environs were designated the Stuyvesant Square Historic District in 1975.[1] The Friends Meeting House, St. George's and Stuyvesant High School are all New York City landmarks, designated in 1967, 1969 and 1997, respectively,[1] as are the three Italianate brick row houses with deep front yards and cast iron verandas at 326, 328 and 330 East 18th Street,[1] built in 1852-1853 at the instigation of Cornelia Stuyvesant Ten Broeck.[4]

History

In 1836, Peter Gerard Stuyvesant (1778–1847) – the great-great-grandson of Peter Stuyvesant[5] – and his wife Hellen Rutherford reserved four acres of the Stuyvesant farm and sold it for a token five dollars to the City of New York as a public park, originally to be called Holland Square, with the proviso that the City of New York build a fence around it. As time passed, however, no fence was constructed, and in 1839, Stuyvesant's family sued the City to cause it to enclose the land. Not until 1847 did the City begin to improve the park by erecting the magnificent cast-iron fence, which still stands as the second oldest in New York City. In 1850 two fountains completed the landscaping, and the park was formally opened to the public. The public space joined St. John's Square (no longer extant), the recently formed Washington Square and the private Gramercy Park as residential squares around which it was expected New York's better neighborhoods would be built.

In the early 1900s, Stuyvesant Square was among the city's most fashionable addresses. The Stuyvesant Building, at 17 Livingston Place on the eastern edge of the Square, was home to such luminaries as publisher

  • Park website

External links

  1. ^ a b c d e f New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Postal, Matthew A. (ed. and text); Dolkart, Andrew S. (text). (2009) Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.) New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1, p.85-86
  2. ^ a b Bradley, James. "Stuyvesant Square" in  , p.1134
  3. ^ http://www.chpnyc.org/services/bi_aidsservices/mapplethorpe.html
  4. ^ Descriptive historical marker on the site. Accessed: 2010-04-16
  5. ^ a b   p.378
  6. ^ Trombley, Laura Skandera. Mark Twain's Other Woman. New York: Knopf, 2010 ISBN 978-0-307-27344-4 p.170
  7. ^  
  8. ^ Anstice, Henry. History of St. George's Church in the city of New York, 1752-1811-1911p. 187 et passim.
  9. ^ "2005 AIA Honor Awards Announced" Architectural Record (January 10, 2005)
  10. ^ a b c d Federal Writers' Project. (1939) New York City Guide. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-403-02921-X (Reprinted by Scholarly Press, 1976; often referred to as WPA Guide to New York City), pp. 189-191

Notes

References

See also

The park is operated and maintained by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation.

Stuyvesant Square, like many other city parks, was extensively rehabilitated in a more populist manner during the 1930s, when the 19th-century plan was modified by Parks Commissioner Robert Moses' landscape architect Gilmore D. Clarke, with the addition of comfort stations, playgrounds and other built amenities. The park reopened in 1937; the 1980s saw restorations of the two 1884 fountains, the preservation of the cast iron fence, and relaying the original bluestone sidewalks in two ellipses, with renovated lawns, shrubs and flower beds. A few old trees, English elm and Little-leaf linden, still flourish. Further contributions to the park have included Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney's Peter Stuyvesant (1941) and Ivan Mestorvic’s Antonín Dvořák (1963, moved here 1997).

The park

Other than Beth Israel, other hospitals were located in the neighborhood as well. The New York Infirmary for Women and Children was founded at 321 East 15th Street by the pioneering woman physician, Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell.[10] The New York Lying-In Hospital on Second Avenue at 17th Street, is now condominiums, but the Hospital for Joint Diseases, a unit of NYU Medical Center is located across the avenue. Other now non-extistent hospitals included the Salvation Army's William Booth memorial Hospital, Manhattan General and St. Andrew's Convalescent Hospital.[10] Because of the number of hospitals in the district, there were many doctor's offices on the sidestreets, along with quack "doctors" and midwives who preyed on the area's immigrant population.[10]

[10][2] immigrants.Slavic and Italian, Jewish immigrants, had begun moving into new rowhouses and brownstones in the neighborhood, followed by Irish and German but already [1] – was completed,[9] – now the East End Temple synagogueEast 17th Street's Sidney Webster House at 245 Richard Morris Hunt Fashionable houses were still being built as late as 1883, when [1], but the major growth in the area occurred in the 1850s.14th Street, date to 1842-43, when the city's residential development was first moving north of Greek Revival style and the Friends Meeting House and Seminary (to the southwest) (1861, Charles Bunting) attracted more residents to the area around the park. The earliest existing houses in the district, in the [8][7], 1897)C.O.Blesch and L. Eidlitz remodeled by [5] The opening of

[6]

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