World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Superior gluteal artery

Article Id: WHEBN0004385129
Reproduction Date:

Title: Superior gluteal artery  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Internal iliac artery, Superior gluteal veins, Greater sciatic notch, Lateral sacral artery, Deep circumflex iliac artery
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Superior gluteal artery

Superior gluteal artery
Left gluteal region, showing surface markings for arteries and sciatic nerve
Internal iliac artery and some of its branches
(superior gluteal artery labeled at right)
Latin Arteria glutaea superior
Supplies Gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus and tensor fasciae latae
Internal iliac artery
Superior gluteal veins
Gray's p.622
Anatomical terminology

The superior gluteal artery is the largest branch of the internal iliac artery, and appears to be the continuation of the posterior division of that vessel.

It is a short artery which runs backward between the lumbosacral trunk and the first sacral nerve, and, passing out of the pelvis above the upper border of the piriformis muscle, immediately divides into a superficial and a deep branch.

Within the pelvis it gives off a few branches to the iliacus, piriformis, and obturator internus muscles, and just previous to quitting that cavity, a nutrient artery which enters the ilium.


  • Structure 1
    • Superficial branch 1.1
    • Deep branch 1.2
  • Function 2
  • Additional images 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


Superficial branch

The superficial branch enters the deep surface of the gluteus maximus, and divides into numerous branches, some of which supply the muscle and anastomose with the inferior gluteal artery, while others perforate its tendinous origin, and supply the integument covering the posterior surface of the sacrum, anastomosing with the posterior branches of the lateral sacral arteries.

Deep branch

The deep branch lies under the gluteus medius and almost immediately subdivides into two.

Of these, the superior division, continuing the original course of the vessel, passes along the upper border of the gluteus minimus to the anterior superior spine of the ilium, anastomosing with the deep iliac circumflex artery and the ascending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery.

The inferior division crosses the gluteus minimus obliquely to the greater trochanter, distributing branches to the gluteal muscles and anastomoses with the lateral femoral circumflex artery.

Some branches pierce the gluteus minimus and supply the hip-joint.


Additional images

See also

This article uses anatomical terminology; for an overview, see anatomical terminology.


External links

  • Superior+gluteal+artery at eMedicine Dictionary
  • Anatomy photo:43:13-0105 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "The Female Pelvis: Branches of Internal Iliac Artery"

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.