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Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army

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Title: Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Kim Jong-il, Korean People's Army, List of leaders of North Korea, 6th Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea, Chairman of the National Defence Commission
Collection: Military of North Korea
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Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army

Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army
Chosŏn'gŭl 조선인민군 최고사령관
Hancha 朝鮮人民軍最高司令官
Revised Romanization Joseon Inmin-gun Choego Saryeonggwan
McCune–Reischauer Chosŏn Inmin'gun Ch'oego Saryŏnggwan
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
North Korea
Foreign relations

The Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army is the highest post in command of the Korean People's Army (KPA), the armed forces of North Korea, and is in charge of one of the largest standing armies in the world with around 5.9 million active duty personnel and reserves.

Constitutionally, the post is tied to the chairmanship of the country's National Defense Commission. According to the constitution of North Korea: "The First Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is the supreme commander of the whole armed forces of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and commands and directs all the armed forces of the State."[1]


Kim Il-sung was the first Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army upon the founding of North Korea on 1948 after which he was selected to be the Songun policy that prioritizes first the military affairs of the country than anything else. Kim Jong-il in his own death on 2011 was succeeded by his son Kim Jong-un,who replaced him also as the new leader of the country, was publicly declared as the new Supreme Commander by the Rodong Sinmun, on 24 December 2011 and officially appointed to the position on 30 December 2011.[2][3]

List of supreme commanders

Name Term Life span
Kim Il-sung 8 February 1948 – 24 December 1991 15 April 1912 – 8 July 1994 (aged 82)
Kim Jong-il 24 December 1991 – 17 December 2011 16 February 1941 – 17 December 2011 (aged 70)
Kim Jong-un 30 December 2011 – Present 8 January 1983 – Present (age 32)


  1. ^ "Article 102". Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (PDF). Amended and supplemented on April 1, Juche 102 (2013), at the Seventh Session of the Twelfth Supreme People's Assembly. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. 2014. p. 22.  
  2. ^ "N.Korea declares Kim Jong-Un commander of military". Agence France-Presse. December 30, 2011. Retrieved December 30, 2011. 
  3. ^ "'"North Korea: Kim Jong-un hailed 'supreme commander. BBC News. 2011-12-24. Retrieved 2011-12-24. 
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