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Sussex County, Delaware

Sussex County, Delaware
Sussex County Courthouse in Georgetown
Seal of Sussex County, Delaware
Seal
Map of Delaware highlighting Sussex County
Location in the state of Delaware
Map of the United States highlighting Delaware
Delaware's location in the U.S.
Founded August 8, 1683
Seat Georgetown
Largest city Seaford
Area
 • Total 1,196 sq mi (3,098 km2)
 • Land 936 sq mi (2,424 km2)
 • Water 260 sq mi (673 km2), 21.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2014) 210,849
 • Density 211/sq mi (81/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website .gov.sussexcountydewww

Sussex County is a

  • Official website
  • Official Auction of Sussex County

External links

  1. ^ a b c d
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ Hancock, pp 12-13.
  5. ^ [Scharf, Thomas J., History of Delaware, 1609 – 1888, 1888
  6. ^
  7. ^ Sussex County, Delaware: USGenWeb Project
  8. ^ Sussex County – History
  9. ^ At The Beach-Georgetown, Delaware History
  10. ^ Sussex County, Delaware Genealogical Records Information
  11. ^
  12. ^ http://www.hsd.org/DHE/DHE_where_hundreds.htm
  13. ^ http://www.destateparks.com/park/trap-pond/index.asp
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^ [2]
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^ deseagrant.org
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^ Sussex County, Delaware Private Schools
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^ FM Query – FM Radio Technical Information – Audio Division (FCC) USA
  35. ^ AM Query – AM Radio Technical Information – Audio Division (FCC) USA
  36. ^ a b Inside Radio/M Street
  37. ^ Station Information Profile

References

See also

Unincorporated communities

Towns

Cities

Lighthouse off the coast of Lewes

Communities

Television

Call sign Frequency City of license[34][35] Owner[36] Format[36][37]
WAFL 0097.7 FM Milford Delmarva Broadcasting Company Hot Adult Contemporary
WGBG 0098.5 FM Seaford Great Scott Broadcasting Classic Rock
WGMD 0092.7 FM Rehoboth Beach Resort Broadcasting Co., LLC News Talk Information
WJKI 0103.5 FM Bethany Beach Great Scott Broadcasting Classic Rock
WJWL 0900 AM Georgetown Great Scott Broadcasting Spanish Variety
WKDB 0095.3 FM Laurel Great Scott Broadcasting Contemporary Hit Radio
WLBW 0092.1 FM Fenwick Island Clear Channel Communications Oldies
WNCL 0101.3 FM Milford Delmarva Broadcasting Company Oldies
WOCM 0098.1 FM Selbyville Irie Radio, Inc. Album Adult Alternative
WKZP 0095.9 FM Bethany Beach Clear Channel Media + Entertainment Hit Music
WRBG-LP 0106.5 FM Millsboro Rhythm and Blues Group Harmonty Association, Inc.
WSUX 1280 AM Seaford Great Scott Broadcasting Spanish Variety
WYUS 0930 AM Milford Delmarva Broadcasting Company Spanish Contemporary
WZBH 0093.5 FM Georgetown Great Scott Broadcasting Active Rock
WZEB 0101.7 FM Ocean View Great Scott Broadcasting Contemporary Hit Radio
WXDE 0105.9 FM Lewes Delmarva Broadcasting Company News Talk

Radio

  • Cape Gazette
  • Coastal Point, Ocean View
  • Delaware Coast Press, Rehoboth Beach
  • Delaware Wave, Bethany Beach
  • Hoy en Delaware, Georgetown
  • Laurel Star, Laurel
  • Leader & State Register, Seaford
  • Milford Beacon, Milford
  • Milford Chronicle, Milford
  • Seaford Star, Seaford
  • Sussex Countian
  • Sussex Post, Georgetown
  • The Script, Georgetown (published at various times throughout the school year, stories by DelTech students majoring in communications)

Newspapers

Media

Sussex County, Delaware is home to several festivals, fairs, and events. Some of the more notable festivals are the Bethany Beach Nanticoke Indian Pow Wow in Oak Orchard, the Rehoboth Beach Chocolate Festival, the Rehoboth Beach Independent Film Festival, the Rehoboth Beach Jazz Festival, the Sea Witch Halloween Festival and Parade in Rehoboth Beach, and Seaford Riverfest. Also, Sussex County is the home of the Senior League Softball World Series in Roxana at the Lower Sussex Little League Field. The World Championship Punkin Chunkin was formerly held in Sussex County before moving to Dover.

Festivals, fairs, and events

Many dialectic studies show that Sussex County residents, much like surrounding Delmarva counties, have a variation of Southern American English which is particularly prevalent in rural areas.[33]

The culture in Sussex County is much like that found in other Delmarva counties. Sussex County is starkly different from the rest of the Mid-Atlantic and is much like that of the Southern United States. Sussex County is driven by agriculture and commercial fishing.[32] Most of the land is rural and there are but a few large population centers. Many local restaurants serve southern cuisine such as sweet tea and dishes including or composed entirely of greens in addition to menus heavy with fried food.

Culture

There are several colleges and universities in Sussex County. Philadelphia Bible College in Ellendale, and the Beebe Hospital School of Nursing in Lewes. The University of Delaware also maintains a marine science campus in Lewes.

Higher education

There are several private schools in Sussex County: Lighthouse Christian School (Dagsboro), Lighted Pathway Christian Academy (Seaford), Milford Christian School (Milford) and Seaford Christian Academy (Seaford).[31]

Private

Those state funded public high schools which participate in sporting events are members of the Henlopen Conference.

The county also contains one charter school, the Sussex Academy of Arts & Sciences.[30]

  • Cape Henlopen School District
  • Delmar School District
  • Indian River School District
  • Laurel School District
  • Milford School District (also serves Kent County)
  • Seaford School District
  • Sussex Technical School District (County-wide overlay school district)
  • Woodbridge School District

Sussex County is served by eight public school districts.[29]

Public

Education

The average home and property price in Sussex County increased 250% in the ten years between 1995 and 2005. Local increases within Sussex County for this period include a 381% increase for Millsboro and a 609% increase for Millville. Sussex County is served by the Delaware Coast Line Railway, the Maryland & Delaware Railway and the Norfolk Southern Railway.[28]

Most of Sussex County's economy revolves around agriculture. In fact, Sussex County produces the most poultry of any county in the United States.[25][26] Tourism also plays a large part of the economy, particularly in eastern Sussex County. According to SeaGrant Delaware, the Delaware Beaches generate $6.9 billion annually and over $711 million in tax revenue.[27]

Cornfields seen near Lewes

Economy

Eastern parts of Sussex County, particularly the Cape Region, tend to be more affluent than western portions of the county, with a median household income of $77,030 in 2009.[24]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,208, and the median income for a family was $45,203. Males had a median income of $30,811 versus $23,625 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,328. About 7.70% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.00% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.50% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, and 18.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

There were 62,577 households out of which 27.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.90% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.90% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.88.

As of the census of 2000, there were 156,638 people, 62,577 households, and 43,866 families residing in the county. The population density was 167 people per square mile (64/km²). There were 93,070 housing units at an average density of 99 per square mile (38/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.35% White, 14.89% Black or African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.02% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. 4.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.9% were of English, 14.3% United States or American (Mostly British), 12.9% Irish, 12.5% German and 5.6% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 93.3% spoke English and 4.3% Spanish as their first language.

The county has been growing, with the population in 2010 at 197,145 and estimated for 2013 at 210,489.[1] The racial makeup is estimated for 2013 at 82.5% White and 75.1% white alone (not Hispanic or Latino), 12.9% Black or African American, 1.3% Native American, 1.2% Asian, .1% Pacific Islander, 2.1% from two or more races. 9.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[1]

Demographics

Unlike Northern Delaware, particularly New Castle County, Sussex County is highly conservative and has been a Republican Party stronghold for decades. Republicans dominate county council with only one district electing a Democrat. Republicans also dominate the State Senate and State House of Representative districts within the county.

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic
2012 56% 52,116 43% 39,971
2008 54% 47,939 45% 40,299
2004 60% 47,003 39% 30,098
2000 52% 34,620 44% 29,739

Politics

[18]

State House of Representatives:

State Senate:

Delaware Legislature has four senatorial districts and nine representative districts that lie within Sussex County:

The additional offices of Clerk of the Peace, Register of Deeds, Register of Wills and Sheriff are elected at-large.[15] These positions are held by John Brady (D), Scott Dailey (R), Cynthia Green (R), and Robert Lee (R), respectively.[16][17]

The county council members are Council President Michael H. Vincent (R), Vice President Samuel R. Wilson (R), Vance Phillips (R), George Cole (R), and Joan Deaver (D).[14]

Sussex County's government is composed of an elected legislature and various elective executive heads of departments. The county council has five members, who serve four-year terms; all are elected from single-member districts or geographic subdivisions. They form the legislative authority of the county, which chooses a "County Administrator" or executive.

Government

National protected area

In addition, Sussex has a number of east-west thoroughfares, the primary being U.S. Route 9. State Routes 16, 18, 20, 24, 26, 30, 54 and 404 also service the area, providing alternatives east-west routes to most municipalities in the county.

There are three major north-south highways in Sussex County:

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Sussex County is home to an extensive system of Southern saltwater and freshwater wetlands, notably the Great Cypress Swamp. This massive freshwater swamp contains the northernmost strand of Bald Cypress trees in the United States.[13]

Cluster of bald cypress trees seen in Trap Pond State Park

The eastern portion of the county is home to most of Delaware's beaches and many seaside resorts. The western side of the county is center of Delaware's agriculture industry with more acres of arable land under cultivation than anywhere else in the state.

Sussex County, like all of Delaware's counties, is subdivided into Nanticoke, Northwest Fork, Broad Creek, Little Creek, Dagsboro, Baltimore, Indian River, and Lewes & Rehoboth.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,196 square miles (3,100 km2), of which 936 square miles (2,420 km2) is land and 260 square miles (670 km2) (21.7%) is water.[11] It is the largest county in Delaware by area. The county's land area comprises 48.0 percent of the state's land area. It is the second highest percentage by any county in the United States.

Geography

Sussex County has been known by several names over the years including Susan County, Hoorenkill or Whorekill County as named by the Dutch prior to 1680 when Kent County broke off, Deale County from 1680 to 1682 after being taken over by the British under James Stuart, Duke of York prior to signing over to William Penn, and Durham County when claimed by the Lords Baltimore during the boundary dispute with the Penn family.[10]

[9] In 1769 a movement started to move the county seat from Lewes to the area then known as Cross Roads, the present day site of

Between 1763 and 1767, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon surveyed the Mason-Dixon line settling Sussex County's western and southern borders. After Pennsylvania abolished slavery in 1781, the western part of this line and the Ohio River became a border between free and slave states, although Delaware remained a slave state.

The issue was unresolved until the Crown intervened in 1760, ordering Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore to accept the 1732 agreement. As part of the settlement, the Penns and Calverts commissioned the English team of Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon to survey the newly established boundaries between the Province of Pennsylvania, the Province of Maryland, Delaware Colony and parts of Colony and Old Dominion of Virginia.

In 1732 Charles Calvert signed a territorial agreement with William Penn's sons that drew a line somewhere in between the two colonies and also renounced Calvert's claim to Delaware. But Lord Baltimore later claimed that the document he signed did not contain the terms he had agreed to, and refused to put the agreement into effect. Beginning in the mid-1730s, violence erupted between settlers claiming various loyalties to Maryland and Pennsylvania. The border conflict between Pennsylvania and Maryland would be known as Cresap's War.

But the boundary disputes continued between Pennsylvania and Maryland. Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore and William Penn both claimed the land between the 39th and 40th parallels, according to the charters granted to each colony. Whereas Penn claimed the Delaware territories extended to Fenwick Island, Calvert claimed the Colony ended at Lewes with all the land south of the settlement belonging to Somerset County.[7]

In 1680, the Duke reorganized the territory south of the Sussex County, England. He brought 200 people from Sussex, England as colonists.[6] The town of New Deale was renamed Lewistown (today known as Lewes). At this time, Penn claimed that the Delaware territory extended as far south as Fenwick Island. The 'Three Lower Counties' (Delaware) along Delaware Bay were considered under Penn's sphere of settlement and became the Delaware Colony, a satellite of Pennsylvania.

The Dutch briefly recaptured the territory in 1673 as part of the Third Anglo-Dutch War. At that point, they established courts in the town of New Castle and at the Hoerkill at the southern end of the territory, effectively creating two counties out of the territory. After the war concluded in 1674, the Delaware territory was returned to the English, at which point it was placed under the control of James Stuart, Duke of York.

Settlement in the area after the English ejected the Dutch was slow. The Swedes and Finns who had settled in the area from the days of New Sweden had generally welcomed the English and were allowed to stay; the few Dutch found in the area were rounded up as prisoners and sent to Virginia as slaves. Lord Baltimore encouraged Marylanders to move east to settle the area. But the land was far removed from other, more established settlements and did not appeal to many new settlers. It was a tempting wilderness base for pirates to hide out from authorities and regularly pillage settlers for supplies.

[5] Although the Dutch and Swedes returned to resettle the Delaware River region as early as 1638, much of the Delaware Bay area south of what is today the city of Newcastle remained unsettled until 1662. At that time, the city of Amsterdam made a grant of land at the Hoernkills (the area around Cape Henlopen, near the current town of

Sussex County was the site of the first European settlement in Delaware, a Dutch trading post named Zwaanendael at the present site of Lewes. On June 3, 1631, Dutch captain David Pietersen de Vries landed along the shores of the Delaware to establish a whaling colony in the mid-Atlantic of the New World. The colony lasted only until 1632, when De Vries left. Upon returning to Zwaanendael that December, he found the Indian tribes had killed his men and burned the colony. The Dutch set about settling the area once again.[4]

European settlement

In the first half of 1613, Cornelius Jacobsen Mey, a Dutch navigator, discovered and named both Cape May and Cape Henlopen (originally Hindlopen) in the Delaware Bay. Later it was found that what May had named Henlopen was actually Fenwick Island protruding into the Atlantic Ocean. The name of the cape was moved to its present location just east of Lewes.

On an expedition for the Dutch West India Company, Henry Hudson recorded discovery in 1609 of what was later named the Delaware River. Attempting to following him, Samuel Argall, an English explorer, was blown off course in 1610 and landed in a strange bay that he named after the Governor of Virginia, Thomas West, Lord De La Warr.

There is no agreement on which group was the first to settle in Sussex County. Historians believe that, in the early years of exploration from 1593 to 1630, Spanish or Portuguese explorers were likely the first Europeans to see the Delaware River and the lands of present-day Sussex County.

European discovery

Archaeologists estimate that the first inhabitants of Sussex County, the southernmost county in Delaware, arrived between 10,000 and 14,000 years ago. Native Americans in Sussex County called themselves by the various tribal names of the Algonquin Nation. By the historic period, the most prominent tribes in the area were the Leni Lenape and Nanticoke tribes. The people settled along the numerous bodies of water in the area where they were able to harvest fish, oysters, and other shellfish in the fall and winter. In the warmer months they planted crops, and hunted deer and other small mammals, as larger game was not present in the area.[3]

Beginnings

History

Contents

  • History 1
    • Beginnings 1.1
    • European discovery 1.2
    • European settlement 1.3
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • Major highways 2.2
    • National protected area 2.3
  • Government 3
  • Politics 4
  • Demographics 5
  • Economy 6
  • Education 7
    • Public 7.1
    • Private 7.2
    • Higher education 7.3
  • Culture 8
    • Festivals, fairs, and events 8.1
  • Media 9
    • Newspapers 9.1
    • Radio 9.2
    • Television 9.3
  • Communities 10
    • Cities 10.1
    • Towns 10.2
    • Unincorporated communities 10.3
  • See also 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

Sussex County is included in the Salisbury, MD-DE Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses much of central Delmarva.

The first European settlement in the state of Delaware was founded by the Dutch in 1631 near the present-day town of Lewes. However, Sussex County was not organized until 1683 under English colonial rule.

[2]

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