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Title: Tairō  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Tairo, Sakai Tadakatsu, Ii Naosuke, Tokugawa shogunate, Sakai Tadayo
Collection: Officials of the Tokugawa Shogunate, Tairō
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Tairō (大老, lit. "great elder") was a high-ranking official position in the Tokugawa shogunate government of Japan, roughly comparable to the office of prime minister. The tairō would preside over the governing Rōjū council in the event of an emergency. A tairō would be nominated from among a group of samurai families who supported Tokugawa. Generally, the office holder was the shogunate's chief policy maker, and provided Japan with a capable temporary leader in the absence of a shogun, or in the event that the shogun was incapacitated.


  • List of tairō 1
  • See also 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

List of tairō

Name Domain From To
Sakai Tadayo[1] Harima March 12, 1636 March 19, 1636
Doi Toshikatsu[1] Shimōsa November 7, 1638 July 10, 1644
Sakai Tadakatsu[1] Obama November 7, 1638 May 26, 1656
Sakai Tadakiyo[2] Harima March 29, 1666 December 9, 1680
Ii Naozumi Ōmi November 19, 1668 January 3, 1676
Hotta Masatoshi[3] Shimousa November 12, 1681 August 28, 1684
Ii Naooki Ōmi June 13, 1696 March 2, 1700
Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu[4] Yamato January 11, 1706 June 3, 1709
Ii Naooki Ōmi February 13, 1711 February 23, 1714
Ii Naoyuki Ōmi November 28, 1784 September 1, 1787
Ii Naoaki Ōmi December 28, 1835 May 13, 1841
Ii Naosuke[5] Ōmi April 23, 1858 March 24, 1860
Sakai Tadashige Harima February 1, 1865 November 12, 1865

See also


  1. ^ a b c Sansom, George. (1963). p. 22.A History of Japan: 1615-1867, , p. 22, at Google Books
  2. ^ Sansom, p. 63., p. 63, at Google Books
  3. ^ Sansom, p. 131-132., p. 131, at Google Books
  4. ^ Sansom, p. 137., p. 137, at Google Books
  5. ^ Cullen, Louis. (2003). A History of Japan, 1582-1941, p. 180-186.


  • Cullen, Louis M. (2003). A History of Japan, 1582-1941: Internal and External Worlds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521821551; ISBN 9780521529181; OCLC 442929163
  • Stanford University Press. OCLC 36820228
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