Taisia Afonina

Taisia Kirillovna Afonina
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Born (1913-05-13)May 13, 1913
Nikolaev, Russian Empire
Died April 19, 1994(1994-04-19) (aged 80)
Saint Petersburg, Russia
Nationality Russian
Field Painting
Training Repin Institute of Arts
Movement realism

Taisia Kirillovna Afonina (Russian: Таи́сия Кири́лловна Афо́нина; May 13, 1913, Nikolaev, Russian Empire – April 19, 1994, Saint Petersburg, Russia) - Soviet, Russian painter and watercolorist, lived and worked in Leningrad, a member of the Saint Petersburg Union of Artists (before 1992 - the Leningrad branch of Union of Artists of Russian Federation),[1] regarded as one of the brightest representatives of the Leningrad school of painting.[2]

Biography

Taisia Kirillovna Afonina was born May 13, 1913 in the city Nikolaev, Russian Empire, in the family of master Shipyard "Navel" (after October Revolution Shipyard named Marty).


In 1931 Taisia Afonina graduated from nine-year school in city Taganrog, and came to Leningrad to obtain art education. In 1932-1936 she engaged first in the evening classes for working youth, then in the preparatory classes at the Russian Academy of Arts.

In 1936 after preparatory classes she was adopted at the first course of Painting Department of the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, where she studied of Mikhail Bernshtein, Victor Oreshnikov, Pavel Naumov.

In 1941 after the beginning the Great Patriotic war Taisia Afonina together with little son and mother evacuated first in city Ostashkov, then in city Vishniy Volochek, then in city Lugansk, Ukrain. In 1943, after the liberation of the German fascists Lugansk, Taisia Afonina involved in rebuilding the city, teaches drawing and painting in Lugansk Art school. In autumn 1943 with a group of artists Taisia Afonina rides into city Krasnodon draw club before awarding medals to parents died young heroes - members of the underground anti-fascist Komsomol organization named ″Young Guard″, which fought against the Nazis in the occupied city Krasnodon (in the Ukrainian SSR), the feat which he finds the whole country.


Later, in 1946, in the May edition of the newspaper of the Academy of Fine Arts "For the Socialist realism," Taisa Afonina wrote: ″I saw the pit where they were dumped, the remnants of their bloody clothes, the prison where they were tortured. I talked to their mothers and girlfriends. I wanted to tell, to write about all this, of all their short heroic life″.[3]

In 1946 Taisia Afonina graduated from the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture named after Ilya Repin in Igor Grabar personal Art Studio of monumental painting. Her graduate work was a historical painting named "Girls of Donbass", dedicated to the memory and heroism members of Anti-Fascist underground.[4]

After graduation Taisia Afonina continues to work in Lugansk and returned to Leningrad in 1952 only. It Lugansk museum named Klement Voroshilov acquired as early as 1943 the first three paintings by Taisia Afonina: "The Germans came", "Stealing in Germany", and "Meeting". Later her paintings purchased museums of Leningrad, Kostroma, Krasnodon, Staraya Ladoga, the Museum of Modern Art in Paris.

Her first participation in the Art exhibition was in 1940. Since the beginning of 1950s she was constantly involved in art exhibitions of Leningrad artists. She painted landscapes, still lifes, portraits, and genre compositions. She worked in oil painting and watercolors and was most famous as a master of landscape and still-life painting. In 1946 Taisia Afonina was admitted to the Leningrad Union of Soviet Artists.[5]

In the first years after graduation Taisia Afonin attracts military subjects and pathos revival. Later in 1950-60 she more work in genre of portrait and lyrical landscape. In 1950s she visited Ukraine, Carpathians, Meshchersky locations, where she painted a lot of studies from the life. For her works typical method of tonal painting, the interest to transfer effect of lights and plain air, and subtle coloristic relations. Among her works are such paintings as "Foundry Conveyor" (1947), "Portrait of Kizilshtein-Mikhailova" (1955), "Windy Day"[6] (1956), "Near Ryazan"[7] (1958), "A Spring", "A Light-Blue Night", "After the Rain",[8] "At the Old Tuchkov Bridge"[9] (all 1959), "On the Zhdanovka River in Leningrad"[10] (1960), " A Chinese student"[11] (1961), "Still-life with Pussy-Willow",[12] "Portrait of poet Olga Bergholts", "Marinka",[13] "Briar"[14] (all 1964), "Portrait A. Grebenuk",[15] "Portrait of an entomologist S. Keleynikova"[16] (both 1975), "Portrait of a Korean woman Tamara"[17] (1977), "Portrait of writer Nikolai Tikhonov"[18] (1980), and others.

Taisia Kirillovna Afonina died on April 19, 1994, in Saint Petersburg at the eightieth year of life. Her paintings reside in Art museums and private collections in Russia,[19] Finland, USA, Germane, England, France,[20] and others.

See also

References

Gallery

Exhibitions

Sources

  • The Fall Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1956. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Leningrad Artist, 1958. p. 6.
  • The Fall Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1958. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1959. p. 6.
  • Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1960. Exhibition catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1963. -p. 7.
  • Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1960. Exhibition catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1961. p. 8.
  • Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1961. Exhibition catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1964. p. 8.
  • The Leningrad Fine Arts Exhibition. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1964. p. 8.
  • Spring Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1965. Exhibition Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1970. - p. 7.
  • Our Contemporary. Regional exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1975. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1980. - p. 11.
  • The Portrait of Contemporary the Fifth Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1976. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1983. - p. 6.
  • Autumn Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1978. Exhibition Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1983. - p. 5.
  • Regional Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1980. Exhibition catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1983. - p. 9.
  • Directory of Members of the Union of Artists of USSR. Volume 1. - Moscow: Soviet artist, 1979. p. 71.
  • Directory of members of the Leningrad branch of Union of Artists of Russian Federation. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1987. p. 9.
  • Peinture Russe. Catalogue. - Paris: Drouot Richelieu, 24 Septembre 1991. p. 43-44.
  • Paintings of 1950-1980s by the Leningrad School's artists. Exhibition catalogue. - Saint Petersburg: Saint Petersburg Union of artists, 1994. - p. 3.
  • Etudes done from nature by the Leningrad School's artists. Exhibition catalogue - Saint Petersburg: Nikolai Nekrasov Memorial museum, 1994. - p. 3.
  • Lyrical motives in the works of artists of the war generation. Painting, drawings. Exhibition catalogue. - Saint Petersburg: Nikolai Nekrasov Memorial museum, 1995. - p. 3.
  • Matthew C. Bown. Dictionary of 20th Century Russian and Soviet Painters 1900-1980s. - London: Izomar, 1998. ISBN 0-9532061-0-6, ISBN 978-0-9532061-0-0.
  • Sergei V. Ivanov. Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School.- Saint Petersburg: NP-Print Edition, 2007. pp. 9, 20, 21, 356, 387, 388, 390, 392-395, 398, 400, 404, 405. ISBN 5-901724-21-6, ISBN 978-5-901724-21-7.
  • Иванов С. Тихая жизнь за ленинградским столом // Петербургские искусствоведческие тетради. Выпуск 23. СПб., 2012. С.90-97.
  • Taisia Afonina. Still-life with Pussy-Willow // 80 лет Санкт-Петербургскому Союзу художников. Юбилейная выставка. СПб., «Цветпринт», 2012. С.203.

External links

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