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Title: Talha  
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Subject: Khawarij, Ammar ibn Yasir, Hadith of the succession of Abu Bakr, Rashidun Caliphate, As'ad ibn Zurarah, List of postal codes in Iraq
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Blessed Companion , Jawad-the Generous
Born c. 595 C.E.
Died c. 656 C.E.
Honored in Islam
Influences Muhammad

Talhah or Talha, son of Obaidullah (Arabic: طلحة بن عبيدالله‎) (died 656) was one of the first eight persons to embrace Islam and a devoted disciple and companion of Muhammad, best known for his roles in the Battle of Uhud and the Battle of the Camel, in which he died.


Talha ibn Ubaydullah was a cousin of Abu Bakr. 'Amr bin Ka'b was the grandfather of both of them,[1] so all of them were from the Banu Taym clan.[2]

Talha's Mother As-Sa'bah bint Abdullah bin Abbad bin Malik, the sister of Al-'Ala' bin Al-Hadrami accepted Islam. Among his wives were Umm Kulthum bint Abi Bakr[3] and Su'da bint 'Awf Al-Murriyyah. He had sons, two of which were named Imran [4] and Musa, and two sons named Zakariyyah and Yusuf who died in infancy.[5] Umm Ishaq bint Talhah has also been mentioned as a daughter of Talha.[6]

He was also extremely rich and known to be full of munificence (generous). According to al-Masudi, he made 1,000 dinars a day from his business ventures in Iraq, and his income from the region of ash-Sharah was more than that.[7] He also owned lots of real estate in Medina, and had many servants.[8]

Early life (597–610)

Assuming he died at 64 years old, he was born in 597. Talha was older than 64 years because he saw the rule of all four khulafa' alrashdeen and died during Ali's war with Ayesha and Zubair.

Muhammad's era (610–632)

The prophet Muhammad, in a Hadith accepted by Sunni Muslims, specified ten of his companions who were promised paradise. Those companions named in this Hadith are referred to by Sunnis as The Ten Promised Paradise (Arabic: العشرة المبشرون بالجنة; al-`Ashara al-Mubasharîn bi-l-Janna). Talha was one of the Ten Promised Paradise. [9]

Ridda Wars

In the third week of July 632, Abu Bakr scraped together an army mainly from the Banu Hashim (the clan of the prophet Muhammad) to defend Medina from an eminent invasion by the apostate forces of Tulayha, a self-proclaimed prophet. The army had stalwarts like Ali ibn Abi Talib, Talha ibn Ubaidullah and Zubair ibn al-Awam each of them was appointed as commander of one-third of the newly organised force, they had their roles during the Ridda Wars but however did not face any combat scenarios.[10]


He had a son named Muhammad ibn Talha from a marriage with Hammanah bint Jahsh, the sister of Zaynab bint Jahsh. He also died at the battle of the Camel.[1]

From his marriage to Umm Kulthum bint Abu Bakr, he had three children:[1]

He also had a daughter named Umm Ishaq bint Talhah who married Hasan ibn Ali and had a son named Talha ibn Hasan.[1] Known for her rare beauty, the mother of Umm Ishaq bint Talhah was the daughter of Qosama bin Roman from Tayy.

After Hasan died, Umm Ishaq married Husayn ibn Ali and had a daughter named Fatimah bint Husayn.[1]

Talha also has been found to narrate Hadith from Muhammad. One such narration is: Talha ibne-'Ubaidulläh narrâtes that Muhammad said: "Indeed, I know a Kalimah which if recited by a dying man, will be a means of solace for his departing soul and will be a light for him on the Day of Resurrection" (this Kalimah is La ilaha illallah)[11]

Sunni view

Muslims regard him as one of the ten who were promised paradise during their lifetimes by Muhammad. Muhammad, on the day of Battle of Uhad, said about Talha: "the one who wants to see an alive martyr, must see Talha." [12]

See also


External links

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