World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Taran Panth

Article Id: WHEBN0010379838
Reproduction Date:

Title: Taran Panth  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Taran, Kanji Swami, Jainism, Jain Center of Greater Phoenix, Kayotsarga
Collection: Jain Sects
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Taran Panth

NisaiJi: Samadhi of Taranswami, built by Tarachand Mallusav, 1817[1]

The Taran Panth or Taranapanthi sect of Jainism was founded by Taran Svami in Bundelkhand in 1505 CE.[2] Taran Svami is also referred to as Taran Taran, the one who can help the swimmers to the other side, i.e. towards nirvana. The Taranpanthis traditionally do not have idols in their shrines.

The birth name of Taran Svami is not known. He was born in Pushpavati (now Bilahari near Katni) in the samādhi is at Nisaiji (Malhargarh) in Dist Ashok Nagar M.P.. A mystical account of his life, perhaps an autobiography, is given in Chadmastha Vani.

The language in his fourteen books is a unique blend of Prakrit, Sanskrit and Apabhramsha. Note that at this time Jains had not been using Prakrit for several centuries. His language was perhaps influenced by his reading of the books of Acharya Kundakunda.

Commentaries on six of the main texts composed by Taran Svami were written by Brahmacari Shitala Prasad in the 1930s. Commentaries on other texts have also been done recently. Osho (Rajnish), who was born into a Taranpanthi family, has included Shunya Svabhava and Siddhi Svabhava as among the books that influenced him most.[3]

Taranpanthi shrines are called Chaityalaya (or sometimes Nisai/Nasia). At the altar (vimana) they have a book instead of an idol. The Taranpanthis were originally from six communities. TaranPanthis worship to nirakar Atma (soul) in their temple the follower pray to fourteen granths wrote by Taran Swami that are situated on the Vedi Ji.

Taran svami had nine monks and thirty-six nuns under him. The fourteen books he wrote are divided into five categories:


  • Malarohan
  • Pundit-Puja
  • Kamal-Battisi


  • Sravakachar


  • Gyan-Sammuchayasar
  • Upadesha-Shudhasar
  • Tribhangisar


  • Chaubis-thana
  • Mamal-Pahud


  • Khatika-Vishesh
  • Siddh-Svabhav
  • Sunra-Svabhav
  • Chhadasya-Vani
  • Naam-Mala


  1. ^ A Fifteenth-Century Digambar Jain Mystic and his Followers, John E. Cort, in Studies in Jaina History And Culture: Disputes and Dialogues By Peter Flüge, Taylor & Francis, 2006, p. 285
  2. ^ Smarika, Sarva Dharma Sammelan, 1974, Taran Taran Samaj, Jabalpur
  3. ^ "Books I have Loved". Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.