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Tellurol

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Tellurol

Properties

Alkyltellurols are yellow liquids with a strong odors. Aryltellurols form colorless crystals. More stable than these compounds are the organoelement tellurols. These fairly stable compounds have the formulae (Me3Si)3CTeH, (Me3Si)3SiTeH, and (Me3Si)3GeTeH.

Acid–base properties

The acidity of tellurols can be inferred by the acidity and dissociation constant of hydrogen telluride, H2Te, which has a (first) pKa of 2.64 corresponding to a dissociation constant of 2.3 × 10-3.5. H2Te has a lower pKa and higher dissociation constant than H2S and H2Se.[3]

The absence of hydrogen-bonding explains the low boiling temperature of tellurols.[3] The Te–H bond in tellurols is weak. Tellurols are easily oxidized and decompose thermally. Ultraviolet light also induces decomposition. Methanetellurol decomposes to dimethyl ditelluride and hydrogen.

Preparation

The first tellurol to be synthesized, ethanetellurol, was prepared in 1926 via the Grignard reagent.[1] The most frequently used method involves reduction of the ditellurides (R2Te2).

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Igor D Sadekov and A V Zakharov 1999 "Stable tellurols and their metal derivatives" Russ. Chem. Rev. 1999, vol. 68, 909.
  2. ^ Brahim Khater, Jean-Claude Guillemin, Gábor Bajor, Tamás Veszprémi "Functionalized Tellurols: Synthesis, Spectroscopic Characterization by Photoelectron Spectroscopy, and Quantum Chemical Study" Inorganic Chemistry 2008 volume 47, p. 1502-1511. doi:10.1021/ic701791h
  3. ^ a b Patai, Saul, and Zvi Rappoport. The Chemistry of Organic Selenium and Tellurium Compounds. Vol. 1. Chichester England: Wiley, 1986.
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