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Telugu people

Telugu People
Total population
74 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
 India 74 million[1]
 Gulf Cooperation Council 300,000
 United States 80,433[2]
 Europe 50,000
 Malaysia 40,000
 Singapore 30,000
 South Africa 20,000
 Australia 24,000
Languages
Telugu
Religion
Hinduism · Islam · Christianity · Buddhism · Jainism
Related ethnic groups

Gondi · Kalinga · Kannadiga

 · Dravidian peoples

The Telugu people or Telugu Prajalu are a South Asian ethnic group. The majority of Telugus reside in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The Telugu language is the most-spoken Dravidian language and the third-most spoken language in India[3] and the Indian subcontinent (following Hindustani, an Indo-Aryan language).

Contents

  • History 1
    • Antiquity 1.1
    • Satavahanas 1.2
  • Language 2
  • Culture 3
    • Literature 3.1
    • Arts 3.2
    • Clothing 3.3
    • Festivals 3.4
  • Popular Telugu People 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Antiquity

Andhra in Indian epic literature first appears at the time of the death of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka in 232 BC. This date has been considered to be the beginning of the Andhra historical record. Various dynasties have ruled the area, including the Satavahana dynasty, Sakas, Andhra Ikshvakus, Eastern Chalukyas, Pallava dynasty, Pandyan dynasty, Chola dynasty, Telugu Cholas, the Bobbili, the Vijayanagara Empire, the Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golconda, and the Nizams of Hyderabad.[4]

The term Kalinga has been historically relevant to this region, incorporating northeast Andhra Pradesh and modern day Odisha. Buddhist references to Andhras are also found.[5]

Satavahanas

The first great Andhra empire was that of the Satavahanas,[6] who came to power when the last Kanva emperor Sisuman, was assassinated by his prime minister Sipraca, of the Andhra tribe. They reigned for 450 years and the last was Puliman or Puloma the pious, who after conquering India put an end to his life by drowning himself in the holy waters of the Ganges river, after the example of his grandfather. Because of this king, India was called Poulomeun-koue, the country of Puliman by the Chinese. While in the west the inhabitants of the Gangetic provinces were denominated Andhra Hindus. The Satavahana rulers are said to have been held in the highest veneration all over India; and their fame was extended to the Malay Archipelago, the Maharajas of India being a favorite subject of Malayan poetry.[7]

Andhra, Karnataka and Maharastra states observe the same new year day. This calendar reckons dates based on the Shalivahana era (Shalivahana Saka), which begins its count from the supposed date of the founding of the Empire by the legendary hero Shalivahana. The Satavahana king Shalivahana (also identified as Gautamiputra Satakarni) is credited with the initiation of this era known as Shalivahana. The Salivahana era begins its count of years from the year corresponding to 78 AD of the Gregorian calendar. Thus, the year 2000 AD corresponds to the year 1922 of the Salivahana Era.

Language

Telugu is a South-Central Dravidian language primarily spoken in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, India, where it is an official language. Early inscriptions date from 620 AD and literary texts from the 11th century, written in a Telugu script adapted from the Bhattiprolu alphabet of the early inscriptions.

Culture

Literature

Arts

Kuchipudi is a famous Classical Indian dance from Andhra Pradesh, India.

Clothing

  • Male
  1. Uttareeyam or Pai Pancha (Angavastram or veil)
  2. Pancha (Dhoti)
  3. Jubba (Kurta) The top portion
  4. Lungi (Casual dress)
  • Women
  1. Cheera (Sari)
  • Girls
  1. Langa Oni (Half sari)
  2. Parikini

Festivals

Important festivals celebrated by Telugu people include:

Popular Telugu People

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues – 2000, Census of India, 2001
  2. ^ Gibson, Campbell; Jung, Kay (February 2006). "Historical Census Statistics on the Foreign-Born Population of the United States: 1850-2000" (PDF). U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  3. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Nearly-60-of-Indians-speak-a-language-other-than-Hindi/articleshow/36922157.cms
  4. ^ http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761580539/Andhra_Pradesh.html
  5. ^ Srihari, R. (1984-03-05). Proceedings of the Andhra Pradesh Oriental Conference: Fourth session, Nagarjuna University, Guntur, 3rd to 5th March 1984. The Conference. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  6. ^ Burrow, Thomas (1984-03-05). Collected Papers on Dravidian Linguistics. Annamalai University. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  7. ^ Conder, Josiah (1828). The Modern Traveller: A Popular Description, Geographical, Historical, and Topographical of the Various Countries of the Globe. James Duncan. p. 141. 

External links

  • Translations of Telugu fiction and articles
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