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Teteven

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Teteven

Teteven
Тетевен
Teteven Monastery of St Elias (17th century)
Teteven Monastery of St Elias (17th century)
Coat of arms of Teteven
Coat of arms
Teteven is located in Bulgaria
Teteven
Teteven
Location of Teteven
Coordinates:
Country Bulgaria
Province
(Oblast)
Lovech
Government
 • Mayor Milen Milev
Elevation 412 m (1,352 ft)
Population (15.12.2010)[1]
 • Total 10,733
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 5700
Area code(s) 0678
Teteven Historical Museum

Teteven (Bulgarian: Тетевен) is a town on the banks of the Vit river, at the foot of Stara Planina mountain in north central Bulgaria. It is the administrative centre of the homonymous Teteven Municipality which is a part of Lovech Province. As of December 2010, the town has a population of 10,733 inhabitants.[1]

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Honour 3
  • Sights 4
    • Some of the sights of Teteven and the Teteven district 4.1
    • Caves 4.2
    • Museums 4.3
  • Regular events 5
  • Gallery 6
  • Persons 7
    • Notable persons born in Teteven 7.1
    • Notable persons who have died in Teteven 7.2
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Geography

Teteven is located in a mountainous area, in the foothills of the Balkan mountains between the peaks Ostrich, Petrahilya, Cherven, Treskavets and Vezhen. The river Vit meanders through the town. The altitude of Teteven district varies from 340 to 2100 m, and in the town center it is 415 m. The climate is temperate continental with cold winters and cool summers. The territory of Teteven is about 697 km², which is 16.86% of the territory of Lovech district.

History

The town was first mentioned in a written document in 1421. It is thought that the town's name comes from the family of a certain Tetyo (Tetyov rod), who settled in the area and founded the town. Older variants of the town's name found in documents are Tetyuven and Tetyuvene.

A thriving city in the 16th and 17th centuries, Teteven was raided by organised Turkish brigand groups in 1801, burnt down and almost completely destroyed, with only four houses surviving out of a total of 3,000. The town later revived and was active in the armed struggle for Bulgarian independence in the 19th century, sheltering a revolutionary committee part of organised rebel network.

Each summer a large chess tournament, one of the biggest events in Bulgaria's chess calendar, is held in Teteven.

Honour

Teteven Glacier on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Teteven.

Sights

Teteven combines the beauty of the surrounding scenery with the towering hills and peaks Petrahilya, Ostrich, Cherven and Ravni Kamak (they have witnessed many historical events), the cool breeze of the Vit river, and the spirit of centuries past, hovering in the multitude of monuments, ancient Bulgarian architecture, and customs and manners that have remained intact in time. Astounded by the sights revealed before him in his visit to the town, Ivan Vazov has exclaimed: "Had I not come to Teteven, I would have remained a foreigner to mother Bulgaria ... I have been wandering, I have been rambling, but I have not seen a more wondrous paradise." There is a Historical Museum in Teteven, which is among the Hundred National Tourist Sites of the Bulgarian Tourist Union.

Some of the sights of Teteven and the Teteven district

The ‘Glozhen’ Monastery The ‘Saint Elijah’ Monastery (14th century) The ‘All Saints’ Church The ‘Kosnitza’ waterfall The ‘Mother of God Shroud’ Chapel on Ostrich peak The Boev hill

Caves

Saeva Dupka Morovitza Baiovitza Draganchovitza Rushova cave (near Gradezhnitza village)

Museums

Teteven Historical Museum The Bobevska house museum The Hadzhiivanova house museum The Yorgova house museum

Regular events

  • Autumn fair
  • Northern Song Feast (May)
  • The Feast of Teteven is on November 1 – the day the town was liberated from Ottoman domination in 1877
  • Days of Mountain Water and Healing Tourism, Scientific Research Center of Medical Biophysics, Teteven municipality, June 11

Gallery

Persons

Notable persons born in Teteven

Notable persons who have died in Teteven

  • Atanas Murdzhev (1875 - 1944) — Bulgarian revolutionary
  • Georgi Benkovski (1843 - 1876) — Bulgarian revolutionary

See also

References

  1. ^ a b (English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - Bulgarian towns in 2009

External links

  • Teteven municipality portal (Bulgarian version)
  • Teteven municipality portal (English version)
  • Days of Mountain Water and Healing Tourism (English version) Teteven Municipality, Scientific Research Center of Medical Biophysics

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