World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Théodore Flournoy

Article Id: WHEBN0006047644
Reproduction Date:

Title: Théodore Flournoy  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Reincarnation research, European Cases of the Reincarnation Type, Frederic W. H. Myers, Roger Woolger, Outline of parapsychology
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Théodore Flournoy

Théodore Flournoy
Born (1854-08-15)15 August 1854
Geneva, Switzerland
Died 5 November 1920(1920-11-05) (aged 66)
Geneva, Switzerland
Nationality Swiss
Fields Psychology
Institutions University of Geneva
Known for Study of spiritism and psychic phenomena

Théodore Flournoy (15 August 1854 – 5 November 1920)[1] was a professor of psychology at the University of Geneva and author of books on parapsychology and spiritism.

Medium studies

He is best known for his study of the medium Helen Smith (or Hélène Smith - a pseudonym for Catherine Muller) who relayed information about past lives through a trance state,[2] entitled From India To The Planet Mars (1899). Flournoy described her outpourings as the products of cryptamnesia and as 'romances of the subliminal imagination,'[3] - as evidence of the unconscious mind.[4]

His book Spiritism and Psychology (1911) translated by Hereward Carrington claimed more broadly that mediumship could be explained by suggestion and telepathy from the medium's subconscious mind and that there was no evidence for the spirit hypothesis.[5]

Influence

Flournoy was a contemporary of Freud, and his work influenced C. G. Jung's study of another medium - his cousin Hélène Preiswerk - which was turned into Jung's doctoral dissertation in 1902.[6] Jung also used Flournoy's publication of the autosuggestive writings of Miss Frank Miller as the starting-point for his own book Psychology of the Unconscious.[7] Jung was also influenced by Flounoy's concept of a prospective element in the unconscious, laid out most clearly in his 1908 paper on 'Anti-Suicidal Teleological Automatisms', where he argued that last minute visions in suicides confirming the value of living served the (unconscious) purpose of preserving life.[8]

Flournoy was also one of the few scholars of his time to embrace William James' view of the prime reality of non-dual consciousness (which he dubbed "sciousness") as expressed in his essay, Radical Empiricism.[9] He published an introductory work, The Philosophy of William James, in 1911.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ (under "automatic writing")
  3. ^ Frank McLynn, Carl Gustav Jung (1996) p. 50
  4. ^ Anthony Stevens. (1994). Jung. Oxford University Press. p. 13
  5. ^ Theodore Flournoy. (1911). Spiritism and Psychology. Harper and Brothers Publishers.
  6. ^ Stevens, Anthony (1994): Jung, A very short introduction, Oxford University Press, Oxford & N.Y.
  7. ^ Frank McLynn, Carl Gustav Jung (1996) p. 170-1
  8. ^ John Kerr, A Dangerous Method (2012) p. 328
  9. ^ Bricklin, Jonathan, Ed. (2006): Sciousness, Guilford, CT: Eirini Press, ISBN 978-0-9799989-0-4
  10. ^ Frank McLynn, Carl Gustav Jung (1996) p. 146 and p. 565

Further reading

  • J. S. Witzig, 'Theodore Flournoy', Journal of Analytical Psychology 27 (1982) 131-48
  • R. E. Goldsmith, The Life and Work of Theodore Flournoy (1970)

External links

  • Theodore Flournoy
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.