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The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

The Atlanta Journal-Constitution
Prototype of The Atlanta Journal-Constitution redesign
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Owner(s) Cox Enterprises
Editor Kevin Riley
Founded Constitution: 1868
Journal: 1883
Journal-Constitution: 2001
Headquarters Dunwoody, Georgia
USA
Circulation 231,094 (as of March 13, 2013)[1]
ISSN 1539-7459
Website .com.ajcwww

The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (AJC) is the only major daily newspaper in the midtown Atlanta.

Subsequent to the staff consolidation of 1982, the afternoon Journal maintained a conservative editorial stance, while the editorials and op-eds in the morning Constitution were center-left. When the editions combined in 2001, the editorial page staffs also merged. The editorials and op-eds have attempted to strike a more "balanced" tone. Most of the paper's editorial stances have been closer to those of the old Constitution center-left viewpoint.

Contents

  • The Atlanta Journal 1
  • The Atlanta Constitution 2
  • Merger 3
  • Circulation 4
  • Headquarters 5
  • Parts of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10

The Atlanta Journal

The Atlanta Journal was established in 1883. Founder E.F. Hoge sold the paper to Atlanta lawyer WSB AM 740 (now 750). The radio station and the newspaper were sold in 1939 to James Middleton Cox, founder of what would become Cox Enterprises. The Journal carried the motto "Covers Dixie like the Dew".

The Atlanta Constitution

Constitution building 1890
Atlanta Constitution Building, in abandoned state (1995, Historic American Buildings Survey image.)

The Constitution, as it was originally known, was first published on June 16, 1868. Its name changed to The Atlanta Constitution in October 1869.[3] It was such a force that by 1871 it had killed off the Daily Intelligencer, the only Atlanta paper to survive the American Civil War. In August 1875 its name changed to The Atlanta Daily Constitution for two weeks, then to The Constitution again for about a year.[4] In 1876 Captain Evan Howell (a former Intelligencer city editor) purchased a controlling interest from E.Y. Clarke Sr. and became its editor-in-chief. That same year, Joel Chandler Harris began writing for the paper. He soon invented the character of Uncle Remus, a black storyteller, as a way of recounting stories from African-American culture. In October 1876 the newspaper became The Daily Constitution, before settling on the name The Atlanta Constitution in September 1881.[5] During the 1880s, editor Henry W. Grady was a spokesman for the "New South", and encouraged industrial development.

The Constitution started the second radio station, WGM AM 710, having received its Georgia School of Technology (now Georgia Tech).

Ralph McGill, editor for the Constitution in the 1940s, was one of the few southern newspaper editors to support the American Civil Rights Movement. In 1946, reporter David Snell wrote that Japan had developed its own atomic bomb prior to Hiroshima and Nagasaki.[6]

From the 1970s until his death in 1994, Lewis Grizzard was a popular humor columnist for the Constitution. He portrayed Southern "redneck" culture with a mixture of ridicule and respect. Other noteworthy editors of The Atlanta Constitution include J. Reginald Murphy. "Reg" Murphy gained notoriety with his 1974 kidnapping. Murphy later served as editor of the San Francisco Examiner.

The Constitution won numerous Pulitzer Prizes. In 1931 it won a Pulitzer Prize for Public Service for exposing corruption at the local level. In 1959, The Constitution won a Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing for Ralph McGill's editorial "A Church, A School....". In 1967 it was awarded another Pulitzer Prize for Eugene Patterson's editorials. In 1960, Jack Nelson won the Pulitzer Prize for local reporting, by exposing abuses at Milledgeville State Hospital for the mentally ill. In 1988 the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning went to the Constitution's Doug Marlette. Mike Luckovich received Pulitzer Prizes in 1995 and 2006. Cynthia Tucker received a 2007 Pulitzer Prize for Commentary.

Merger

Cox Enterprises bought the Constitution in June 1950, bringing both newspapers under one ownership and combining sales and administrative offices. Separate newsrooms were kept until 1982, though even after the newsrooms were combined, both papers continued to be published. The Journal, an afternoon paper, led the morning Constitution until the 1970s, when afternoon papers began to fall out of favor with subscribers. In November 2001, the two papers, which were once fierce competitors, merged to produce one daily morning paper, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. The two papers had published a combined edition on weekends and holidays for years.

Prior to the merger, both papers had planned to start TV stations: WSB-TV 8 for the Journal, and WCON-TV 2 for the Constitution. Only WSB actually got on the air (making it the first TV station in the South), moving from channel 8 to WCON's allotment on channel 2 in 1951 to avoid TV interference from the nearby channel 9. (WROM-TV since moved, leaving WGTV on 8, after it was also used by WLWA-TV, now WXIA-TV 11.) This was also necessary to satisfy Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rules preventing the excessive concentration of media ownership, preventing the combined paper from running two stations.

In 1989, Bill Dedman received the Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting for "The Color of Money", his expose on racial discrimination in mortgage lending, or redlining, by Atlanta banks.[7] The newspapers' editor, Bill Kovach, had resigned in November 1988 after the stories on banks and others had ruffled feathers in Atlanta (see Anne Cox Chambers).

In 1993, Mike Toner received the antibiotics and pesticides.

Julia Wallace was named the first female editor of The Atlanta Journal-Constitution in 2002. She was named Editor of the Year 2004 by Editor & Publisher magazine.[8]

Mike Luckovich again won the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial cartooning in 2006, an award he had received in 1995 under The Atlanta Constitution banner.

Circulation

The paper used to cover all 159 North Carolina where many Atlantans vacation or have second homes, in addition to some circulation in other bordering communities, such as Tallahassee, Florida, where the Sunday AJC was available. Due to the downturn in the newspaper industry, it contracted dramatically in the late 2000s to only serve the metro area.[9] From Q1 of 2007 to Q1 of 2010, daily circulation plunged over 44%.[10]

Headquarters

The AJC has its headquarters in Gwinnett County facility. In 2010 the newspaper relocated its headquarters to leased offices in Dunwoody, a northern suburb of Atlanta.[11] In November 2010, the former downtown headquarters was donated to the city of Atlanta, which plans to convert the building into a fire and police training academy.[12]

Parts of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution

The AJC has four major sections daily. On Sundays, it has additional sections. The main section usually consists of Georgia news, Nationwide news, World news, and Business news. Another AJC section is called Metro. This includes major headlines from the Metro-Atlanta area. The Metro section usually reports the weather, as well. The next section is Sports. The Sports section reports anything sports related. The Metro and Sports sections often contain "The Vent" where readers vent about things that are currently happening. The final section of the daily AJC is Living. In this section, there are articles, recipes, reviews, movie times, a Sudoku, a crossword puzzle, and a word scramble. Also, it usually contains the comics, however, on Sundays, the comics are a separate section.

See also

References

  1. ^ Lulofs, Neal (March 31, 2013). "Top 25 U.S. Newspapers for March 2013".  
  2. ^ "Atlanta Journal, Atlanta Constitution to Combine". The Write News. October 17, 2001. Retrieved January 26, 2014. 
  3. ^ "About The Constitution. (Atlanta, Ga.) 1868–1869". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved January 18, 2011. 
  4. ^ "About The Constitution. (Atlanta, Ga.) 1875–1876". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved January 18, 2011. 
  5. ^ "About The Atlanta Constitution. (Atlanta, Ga.) 1881–2001". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved January 18, 2011. 
  6. ^ Benke, Richard (June 1, 1997). "New Details Emerge About Japan's Wartime A-Bomb Program".  
  7. ^ Dedman, Bill (ed.). "The Color of Money". Power Reporting. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ Fitzgerald, Mark (February 1, 2005). "Editor of the Year 2004: Being Julia, In Atlanta". Editor & Publisher. Retrieved September 23, 2015. 
  9. ^ "AJC announces more cuts to jobs and circulation". Atlanta Business Chronicle. December 10, 2008. Retrieved September 23, 2015. 
  10. ^ Smith, Giannina (November 5, 2007). "Report: AJC's spring and summer circulation plunges". Atlanta Business Chronicle. Retrieved September 23, 2015. 
  11. ^ a b Collier, Joe Guy (August 17, 2009). "AJC moving from downtown to Perimeter Mall area". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved October 23, 2009. 
  12. ^ a b Tobin, Rachel (November 9, 2010). "Former AJC headquarters given to city of Atlanta". The Atlanta-Journal Constitution. Retrieved January 26, 2014. 

Further reading

  • Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers (1980) pp 68-72
  • Perry, Chuck. 2004. "Atlanta Journal-Constitution". New Georgia Encyclopedia Georgia Humanities Council.

External links

  • Official website
  • Official mobile website
  • Access Atlanta
  • MyAJC.com
  • Politifact Georgia
  • Atlanta Journal-Constitution (in the New Georgia Encyclopedia)
  • Atlanta Historic Newspapers Archive Digital Library of Georgia
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