World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life

Article Id: WHEBN0018801551
Reproduction Date:

Title: The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Émile Durkheim, Anthropology of religion, Religious studies, Theories about religions, Bibliography of anthropology
Collection: 1912 Books, Sociology Books, Sociology Index, Works by Émile Durkheim
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life

The Elementary Forms of Religious Life (French: Les formes élémentaires de la vie religieuse), published by French sociologist Émile Durkheim in 1912, is a book that analyzes religion as a social phenomenon. Durkheim attributes the development of religion to the emotional security attained through communal living.

According to Durkheim, early humans associated such feelings not only with one another, but with objects in their environment. This, Durkheim believed, led to the ascription of human sentiments and superhuman powers to these objects, in turn leading to totemism. The essence of religion, Durkheim finds, is the concept of the sacred, that being the only phenomenon which unites all religions. "A religion," writes Durkheim, "is a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, that is to say, things set apart and forbidden—beliefs and practices which unite into a single moral community called a Church, all those who adhere to them."[1] In modern societies, the individual and individual rights evolve to become the new sacred phenomena, and hence these may be called "religious" for Durkheim.

Durkheim examined religion using such examples as Pueblo Indian rain dances, the religions of aboriginal tribes in Australia, and alcoholic hallucinations.

Contents

  • See also 1
  • References 2
  • Further reading 3
  • External links 4

See also

References

  1. ^ The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life (1915): Translated by Joseph Ward Swain, p. 62

Further reading

  • Elementary Forms of the Religious Life: Newly Translated By Karen E. Fields. ISBN 0-02-907937-3
  • The Elementary Forms of Religious Life (Oxford World's Classics): Translated by Carol Cosman. ISBN 0-19-954012-8
  • Inglis, David and Roland Robertson. 2008. "The Elementary Forms of Globality:

Durkheim on the Emergence and Nature of Global Life." Journal of Classical Sociology 8:1, 5-25

  • Lukes, Steven. 1972. Émile Durkheim, His Life and Work: A Historical and Critical

Study. London: Allen Lane and the Penguin Press.

  • Andrew Mckinnon (2014). 'Elementary Forms of the Metaphorical Life: Tropes at Work in Durkheim’s Theory of the Religious'. Journal of Classical Sociology, vol 14, no. 2, pp. 203-221 [1].
  • Pickering, W. S. F. 1984. Durkheim's Sociology of Religion: Themes and Theories.

London, Routledge and Kegan Paul.

  • Strenski, Ivan. 2006. The New Durkheim New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press

External links

  • Full text (1915, public domain) at archive.org
  • DD - Digital Durkheim
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.