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The Vagina Monologues

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Title: The Vagina Monologues  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Dannii Minogue, Cunt, Eve Ensler, Claire Danes, Idina Menzel
Collection: 1996 Plays, Feminist Theatre, Lgbt Literature in the United States, Monologues, Plays by Eve Ensler, Vagina
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The Vagina Monologues

The Vagina Monologues
Vagina Monologues Poster
Written by Eve Ensler
Date premiered  1996 (1996-MM)
Place premiered HERE Arts Center
New York City
Original language English

The Vagina Monologues is an episodic play written by

The television production

  • V-DayCamille Paglia on
  • V-Day Meets P-DayChristina Hoff Sommers on
  • An article by Harriet Lerner on the misuse of the word "vagina" in Ensler's work and the culture at large
  • Applauding Rape at Georgetown

Criticism

  • V-Day official site
  • The Vagina Monologues at Random House
  • The Vagina Monologues at the Internet off-Broadway Database
  • China mainland premiere (March 2009)
  • Official UK Page
  • Video of Eve Ensler performing an excerpt from The Vagina Monologues. Presented February 2004 at the TED Conference in Monterey, CA. Duration: 21:11
  • "The Missing Vagina Monologue", Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser Syndrome(MRKH): www.MRKH.org
  • Pamela Grossman (April 19, 2000). Down the Vagina Trail. Salon.com
  • Eve Ensler - Downstage Center interview at American Theatre Wing.org, October 2006
  • Eve Ensler Q&A
  • "Eve Ensler on "good" bodies and bad politics -Mother Jones [4]
  • Insecure at Last: Losing It in Our Security-Obsessed WorldEve Ensler talks about her latest book , October 10, 2006 (video)
  • CNN-Time magazine series "America's Best" profiles Ensler. September 2001.
  • magazineGlamourEnsler's September 2007 article in
  • TextThe Vagina Monologues
  • Eve Ensler on V-Day's 10th Anniversary on Democracy Now February 15, 2008
  • Victory Over Violence - For Women and Men - Alternet April 25, 2008
  • V To The 10th! - Fundraising Success - January, 01, 2008
  • Turns TenThe Vagina Monologues, The Times, April 15, 2008
  • The Men's Story Project

External links

Glamour magazine "Here Are One Billion Reasons to Get Up and Dance on Valentine's Day" 2/13/14

  1. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2006/09/03/theater/03ishe.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
  2. ^ http://www.playbill.com/news/article/athol-fugard-philip-j.-smith-eve-ensler-win-special-tony-awards-177969
  3. ^ [3]
  4. ^ Random House Interview
  5. ^ Baltimoregaylife.com
  6. ^ Mid-day.com
  7. ^ "About V-Day". V-Day: A Global Movement. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "First Ever Transgender Cast Performance of ‘Vagina Monologues’ to Benefit National Gay and Lesbian Task Force". Press Releases: National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Foundation. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  9. ^ "Beautiful Daughters". LOGO TV Listings. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  10. ^ Kingkade, Tyler (January 6, 2015). "Mount Holyoke Cancels 'Vagina Monologues' For Not Being Inclusive Enough".  
  11. ^ "'"Dialogue about 'The Vagina Monologues.  
  12. ^ Mike S. Adams: The Viagra Monologues
  13. ^ Sommers, Christina Hoff. (2008), What’s Wrong and What’s Right with Contemporary Feminism?, Hamilton College. Retrieved 2014-01-27..
  14. ^ "V-Day, Inc.: The Vagina Monologues + V-Day Combo" by Betty Dodson, Ph.D.
  15. ^ Zetetics.com
  16. ^ iFeminists.net
  17. ^ a b Take Back Valentine's Day!
  18. ^ a b Kim Q. Hall, "Queerness, Disability and The Vagina Monologues," Hypatia - Volume 20, Number 1, Winter 2005, pp. 99-119
  19. ^ Tfp.org
  20. ^ Web.archive.org
  21. ^ Georgetown Exorcised by Wall Street Journal Interactive Edition via Foundation for Individual Rights in Education
  22. ^ Imagination unleashed in all its perverse glory - Camille Paglia - Salon.com
  23. ^ NR Comment
  24. ^ iFeminists.net

References

In 2000, Robert Swope, a conservative contributor to a editorial coverage in The Wall Street Journal,[21] Salon,[22] National Review,[23] The Atlantic Monthly, The Washington Times, The Weekly Standard, and by Wendy McElroy of iFeminists.[24]

Robert Swope critique

The play has also been criticized by social conservatives, such as the American Society for the Defense of Tradition, Family and Property (TFP), and the Network of Enlightened Women. The TFP denounced it as "a piece replete with sexual encounters, lust, graphic descriptions of masturbation and lesbian behavior",[19] urging students and parents to protest. Following TFP and other protests, performances were cancelled at sixteen Catholic colleges. Saint Louis University made the decision not to endorse the 2007 production, claiming the yearly event was getting to be "redundant." The response of the university's student-led feminist organization was to continue the production at an off-campus location.

Social conservative criticism

Kim Hall further criticizes the play, particularly the sections dealing with women in the Third World, for contributing to "colonialist conceptions of non-Western women."[18] Although she supports frank discussions about sex, Hall rescales many of the same critiques leveled by feminists of color at white privilege among second-wave feminists: "premature white feminist assumptions and celebrations of a global 'sisterhood.'"[18]

Colonialism and heterosexism

The Vagina Monologues has been criticized by some within the feminist movement, including pro-sex feminists and individualist feminists.[13] Sex-positive feminist Betty Dodson, author of several books about female sexuality, saw the play as having a narrow and restrictive view of sexuality.[14] Individualist feminist Wendy McElroy stated that the play "equates men with 'the enemy' - heterosexual love with violence".[15][16] Elroy also identified problems with the work's lesbian bias, stating "A play that claims to unveil the truth about vaginas but, somehow, overlooks the salutary role men play in most women's sexuality has no credibility."[17]

Criticism from feminists

  • The amount of attention given to brutal or non-consensual sexual encounters compared with consensual or harmonious sexual encounters;
  • Negative portrayal of male-female sexual relationships;
  • Part of the play comes from Ensler's interviews with a six-year-old girl, which included questions such as what her vagina smells like, what it would wear, and what it would say if it could speak.[12]

Elements of the play that critics find contentious include:

Criticism

Two years earlier, Columbia University's V-Day decided to stage the play with a cast entirely of non-white women. That decision, too, was controversial.[11]

Notwithstanding those additions, in 2015 a student organization at Mount Holyoke College canceled its annual performance of the play for being, in its opinion, insufficiently inclusive of transgender people. "At its core," Erin Murphy, the president of the school's theater group, said, "the show offers an extremely narrow perspective on what it means to be a woman ... Gender is a wide and varied experience, one that cannot simply be reduced to biological or anatomical distinctions, and many of us who have participated in the show have grown increasingly uncomfortable presenting material that is inherently reductionist and exclusive." The traditionally all-female college had begun admitting students who identified as female the previous year, but the college denied that had anything to do with the decision to discontinue the annual performances of the play.[10]

On February 21, 2004 Miss Ensler in conjunction with Jane Fonda and Deep Stealth Productions produced and directed the first all-transgender[8] performance of The Vagina Monologues, with readings by eighteen notable transgender women and including a new monologue documenting the experiences of transgender women. It debuted in connection with "LA V-DAY Until the Violence Stops" with monologues documenting the violence against transgender women. Since that debut, many university and college productions have included these three "Transgender Monologues". Beautiful Daughters (2006) is a documentary about the cast of the first performance by transgender women.[9]

The Vagina Monologues is the cornerstone of the V-Day movement, whose participants stage benefit performances of the show and/or host other related events in their communities. Such events take place worldwide each year between February 1 and April 30. The performances generally benefit rape crisis centers and shelters for women, as well as similar resource centers for women. During the rest of the year the play is performed in thousands of communities and colleges worldwide.[7]

V-Day logo.

V-Day

The play was also adapted into a Marathi play called Yonichya Maneechya Gujagoshti by feminist writer-activist Vandana Khare in the year 2009.[6]

In 2004, the first all-transgender performance of The Vagina Monologues was held. The monologues were read by eighteen notable transgender women, and a new monologue revolving around the experiences and struggles of transgender women was included.[5]

The play opened at HERE Arts Center in New York City on 3 October 1996 with a limited run that ran through November. The play gained popularity through a word of mouth campaign that culminated with a performance at Madison Square Garden in 2001, which featured Melissa Etheridge and Whoopi Goldberg performing segments of the play.

Ensler wrote the piece to "celebrate the vagina". Ensler states that in 1998, the purpose of the piece changed from a celebration of vaginas and femininity to a movement to stop violence against women.

Eve Ensler wrote the first draft of the monologues in 1996 (there have been several revisions since) following interviews she conducted with 200 women about their views on sex, relationships, and violence against women. The interviews began as casual conversations with her friends, who then brought up anecdotes they themselves had been told by other friends; this began a continuing chain of referrals. In an interview with Women.com, Ensler said that her fascination with vaginas began because of "growing up in a violent society".[4] "Women's empowerment is deeply connected to their sexuality." She also stated, "I'm obsessed with women being violated and raped, and with incest. All of these things are deeply connected to our vaginas."

History

Every year a new monologue is added to highlight a current issue affecting women around the world. Every V-Day thousands of local benefit productions are staged to raise funds for local groups, shelters, and crisis centers working to end violence against women. In 2003, for example, Ensler wrote a new monologue about the plight of women in Afghanistan under Taliban rule. This monologue is known as "Under the Burqa".

  • I Was Twelve, My Mother Slapped Me: a chorus describing many young women's and girls' first menstrual period.
  • My Angry Vagina, in which a woman humorously rants about injustices wrought against the vagina, such as tampons, douches, and the tools used by OB/GYNs.
  • My Vagina Was My Village, a monologue compiled from the testimonies of Bosnian women subjected to rape camps.
  • The Little Coochie Snorcher That Could, in which a woman recalls memories of traumatic sexual experiences in her childhood and a self-described "positive healing" sexual experience in her adolescent years with an older woman. This particular skit has sparked outrage, numerous controversies and criticisms due to its content, among which the most famous is the Robert Swope controversy (see below). In the original version, she is 13, but later versions changed her age to 16. It also originally included the line, "If it was rape, it was a good rape", which was removed from later versions.
  • Reclaiming Cunt, a piece narrated by a woman who illustrates that the word "cunt" itself is a lovely word despite its disconcerting connotations.
  • The Woman Who Loved to Make Vaginas Happy, in which a sex worker for women discusses the intriguing details of her career and her love of giving women pleasure. In several performances it often comes at the end of the play, literally climaxing with a vocal demonstration of a "triple orgasm".
  • Because He Liked to Look At It, in which a woman describes how she had thought her vagina was ugly and had been embarrassed to even think about it, but changed her mind because of a sexual experience with a man named Bob who liked to spend hours looking at it.
  • I Was There in the Room, a monologue in which Eve Ensler describes the birth of her granddaughter.

Some monologues include:

The Vagina Monologues is made up of a varying number of monologues read by a varying number of women (initially, vagina, or simply as a physical aspect of the body. A recurring theme throughout the piece is the vagina as a tool of female empowerment, and the ultimate embodiment of individuality.

Plot summary

Contents

  • Plot summary 1
  • History 2
  • V-Day 3
  • Criticism 4
    • Criticism from feminists 4.1
    • Colonialism and heterosexism 4.2
    • Social conservative criticism 4.3
    • Robert Swope critique 4.4
  • References 5
  • External links 6
    • Criticism 6.1
    • The television production 6.2

[3].The Vagina Monologues through benefits of anti-violence and girls violence against women, a producer of the Westside Theatre production, launched V-Day, a global non-profit movement that has raised over $100 million for groups working to end Willa Shalit. In 1998, Ensler and others, including HBO and the West Side Theater. When she left the play, it was recast with three celebrity monologists. The play has been staged internationally, and a television version featuring Ensler was produced by cable TV channel Willa Shalit, Nina Essman, Dan Markley, The Araca Group, David Stone Ensler originally starred in the production which was produced by [2]

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