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Thies Region

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Thies Region

Thiès Region
Région de Thiès
Region

Location of Thiès in Senegal

Thiès région, divided into 3 départements

Coordinates: 14°46′N 16°54′W / 14.767°N 16.900°W / 14.767; -16.900Coordinates: 14°46′N 16°54′W / 14.767°N 16.900°W / 14.767; -16.900

Country Senegal
Capital Thiès
Départements
Area
 • Total 6,601 km2 (2,549 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 1,442,338
 • Density 220/km2 (570/sq mi)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)

Thiès is a region of western Senegal. The capital is also called Thiès.

Geography

It has two coastlines, one in the north with the Grande Côte housing the Niayes vegetable market, one to the south with the Petite Côte, one of the tourist areas of Senegal.

Principally the main passageway between the peninsula and the rest of the country, the region of Thies has received a communication route connected to the first rail line and new road infrastructure.

Relatively small, yet it is the most populous region after the Dakar, with an estimated population of 1,442,338 inhabitants at the end 2007.[1]

The coastal communities dependent on fishing, growing crops and coastal tourism for subsistence. The interior of the region was the peanut basin. Phosphates are also mined there.

History

Main article: Timeline of Serer history

The Thiès Region has always been occupied by the Serer people since the ancient Serers and their ancestors. However in the pre-colonial period, more so around the 16th century, the Wolof immigrants among others have settled in.[2][3][4] Like the Fatick Region, the entire Thiès Region is strongly Serer and one of the most important of Serer country.[2][3][4][5] It is also where many of the Serer sacred and historical sites are found. The area is well represented by the Cangin, a sub-group of the Serers, who had a fierce reputation for protecting their country from outsiders in precolonial times as well as during the colonial-era (see Timeline of Serer history and Serer medieval history).

Geographically, the region partially overlaps with the precolonial Kingdoms of Cayor and Baol.[6] The Kingdom of Baol was ruled by the Joof family for several centuries until c 1549. During the colonial-era, its development was supported by the railway line - the Dakar-Saint-Louis railway in the late nineteenth century, and then with the Dakar-Niger railway. Thus Administratively, it is one of the oldest in the country.

Administrative divisions

Thiès is divided in 3 departments (départements), 11 communes, 10 arrondissements, and 31 communautés rurales.

Departments

The region is divided[7] into 3 departments (départements) as follows':

Communes

In Thiès:

In Tivaouane:

In M'bour:

Arrondissements

In Thiès:

  • Keur Moussa
  • Notto
  • Thiénaba

In Tivaouane:

  • Pambal
  • Méouane
  • Niakhène
  • Médina Dakhar

In M'bour:

Communautés rurales

In Thiès:

  • Fandène
  • Notto
  • Tassette
  • Keur Moussa
  • Ndiayène Sirah
  • Thiénaba
  • Ngoudiane
  • Diender Geudj
  • Touba Toul

In Tivaouane:

  • Médina Dakhar
  • Pékesse
  • Méouane
  • Niakhène
  • Nbayène
  • Thilmakha
  • Taïba Ndiaye
  • Mont Rolland
  • Koul
  • Notto Gouye
  • Diama
  • Ngandiouf
  • Chérif Lo
  • Pire Gourèye

In M'bour:

  • Sandiara
  • Fissel
  • Sindia
  • Nguéniène
  • Ndiaganiao
  • Séssène
  • Malicounda

In 2003, the rural population was 769,884,[8] grouped in 31 villages, in communautés rurales.

Senegal portal
Serer portal
Geography portal

References

External links

  • List of administrative divisions in Senegal
  • Map of Thies region
  • Site on Thiès

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