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Thomas H. Ruger

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Title: Thomas H. Ruger  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Charles J. Jenkins, Crow War, 18th Infantry Regiment (United States), List of Governors of Georgia, Superintendent of the United States Military Academy
Collection: 1833 Births, 1907 Deaths, Burials at West Point Cemetery, Commandants of the United States Army Command and General Staff College, Governors of Georgia (U.S. State), People from Janesville, Wisconsin, People from Lima, New York, People from New York, People of Wisconsin in the American Civil War, Superintendents of the United States Military Academy, Union Army Generals, United States Army Generals, United States Military Academy Alumni, United States Military Governors, Wisconsin Lawyers
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Thomas H. Ruger

Thomas Howard Ruger
Born (1833-04-02)April 2, 1833
Lima, New York
Died June 3, 1907(1907-06-03) (aged 74)
Stamford, Connecticut
Place of burial West Point National Cemetery
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch Union Army
Years of service 1854–1855, 1861–1897
Rank Major General
Commands held Department of the Missouri
Department of Dakota
Department of California
Department of the East

American Civil War

Crow War

Thomas Howard Ruger (April 2, 1833 – June 3, 1907) was an American soldier and lawyer who served as a Union general in the American Civil War. After the war, he was a superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York.


  • Early life 1
  • Civil War 2
  • Later years 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life

Ruger was born in Lima, New York, and moved to Janesville, Wisconsin in 1846. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1854, third in his class of 46, and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. He resigned in 1855 to become a lawyer in Wisconsin.

Civil War

Ruger was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 3rd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment in June 1861, and promoted to colonel on August 20. Ruger commanded his regiment in Maryland and the Shenandoah Valley campaigns. He participated in the Battle of Antietam, in which he was wounded while acting commander of a brigade in the 1st Division, XII Corps. Commissioned brigadier general of volunteers in November 1862, Ruger led his brigade of the XII Corps, Army of the Potomac, in the Battle of Chancellorsville, and commanded the division of Brig. Gen. Alpheus Williams temporarily at Gettysburg. (Col. Silas Colgrove led the brigade in that battle, participating in the defense of Culp's Hill.) In the summer of 1863, Ruger was in New York City, where he aided in suppressing draft riots.

Ruger led a brigade of Nashville and led his command to North Carolina in June 1865, and then had charge of the department of that state until June 1866. He was mustered out of his volunteer commission, accepting a regular army commission as colonel, July 28, 1866, and on March 2, 1867, was brevetted brigadier general, regular army, for his services at Gettysburg.

Later years

Ruger participated in Freedmen's Bureau in Alabama in 1868. He was the superintendent of the United States Military Academy from 1871 to 1876. Other commands he held were the Department of the South (1876-78), the Infantry and Cavalry School of Application (1885-86), the Department of Dakota (1886-91), the Military Division of the Pacific (1891), the Department of California (1891-94), the Military Division of the Missouri (1894-95) and the Department of the East (1895-97). In 1887 Ruger led the army's expedition into the Big Horn Mountains during the Crow War. He retired, in 1897, with the rank of major general in the Regular Army.

He was a Veteran Companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States and an Honorary Companion of the Military Order of Foreign Wars.

He died in Stamford, Connecticut, and is buried in West Point National Cemetery.[1]

See also


  1. ^ "Georgia Governors' Gravesites Field Guide, 1776 - 2003" (PDF). Georgia Historic Preservation Division. Retrieved 2009-04-19. 


  • Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.

External links

  • Ruger biography
  • Georgia State Archives roster of State Governors
  • "Thomas H. Ruger".  
  • General Thomas H. Ruger Map: Official U.S. Military Map of the Staked Plains
  • The Thomas Howard Ruger Papers at the Beinecke Library, Yale University
Military offices
Preceded by
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Superintendents of the United States Military Academy
Succeeded by
John McAllister Schofield
Preceded by
Elwell Otis
Commandant of the Command and General Staff College
June 1885 – May 1886
Succeeded by
Alexander McDowell McCook
Political offices
Preceded by
Charles J. Jenkins
Governor of Georgia
Succeeded by
Rufus Bullock
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