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Thorney Abbey

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Title: Thorney Abbey  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Thorney, Cambridgeshire, List of monastic houses in England, Cissa of Crowland, Reginald Pecock, Peterborough Cathedral
Collection: 10Th-Century Establishments in England, 1539 Disestablishments in England, 7Th-Century Establishments in England, 970S Establishments, 970S Establishments in England, 9Th-Century Disestablishments, 9Th-Century Disestablishments in England, Benedictine Monasteries in England, Buildings and Structures in Peterborough, Christian Monasteries Established in the 7Th Century, Edward Blore Buildings, Grade I Listed Churches in Cambridgeshire, Grade I Listed Monasteries, Monasteries in Cambridgeshire, Religion in Peterborough
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Thorney Abbey

Thorney Abbey Church.
The central door of the Thorney Abbey's west front.

Thorney Abbey, now the Church of St Mary and St Botolph, was a medieval monastic house established on the island of Thorney in The Fens of Cambridgeshire, England.


  • History 1
  • Burials 2
  • Excavation 3
  • See also 4
  • Sources 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


Interior of the Abbey, looking east

The earliest documentary sources refer to a mid-7th century hermitage destroyed by a Viking incursion in the late 9th century. A Benedictine monastery was founded in the 970s, and a huge rebuilding programme followed the Norman Conquest of 1066. A new church was begun under the abbacy of Gunther of Le Mans, appointed in 1085.[1] It was in use by 1089, but not entirely finished until 1108.[2] Henry I was a benefactor of the Abbey;[3] a writ survives ordering the return of the manor of Sawbridge to the Abbey "and there is to be no complaint of injustice".

The focus of the settlement shifted away from the fen edge in the late 12th or early 13th century, the earlier site becoming a rubbish dump, perhaps because of encroaching water. It was reoccupied in the 13th and 14th centuries, when clay layers were laid down to provide a firm foundation for the timber buildings. More substantial buildings were erected in the 16th century and these are thought to have been part of an expanding abbey complex, perhaps for use as guesthouses, stables, or workshops.

Many of Thorney Abbey's buildings disappeared without trace after the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Its last abbot, Robert Blythe, was a supporter of the King, having signed a letter to the pope urging that his divorce should be allowed. He was rewarded with a pension of £200 a year. The abbey was surrendered to the king's commissioners on 1 December 1539,[1] and most its buildings were later demolished and the stone reused.

The nave of the church survived, and was restored as the Parish Church of St Mary and St Botolph in 1638. At this date the aisles were demolished and the arcade openings walled up. Some stained glass was installed that possibly came from the Steelyard, the London trading base of the Hanseatic League. The present east end, in the Norman style, is by Edward Blore, and dates from 1840-1.[2] The church is a Grade I listed building.[4]

There is a model of the monastery in the Thorney Museum.

The name Thorney Abbey is also given to a Grade I listed house,[5] partly late sixteenth and partly seventeenth century, in the village of Thorney.[2]


As a large abbey of Anglo-Saxon England a number of saints have been buried and venerated in Thorney, including:


Excavation was undertaken in 2002 prior to redevelopment, by University of Leicester Archaeological Services. This focused on the northern edge of the former island. As well as pottery, animal bone and roofing material, a large deposit of 13th and 14th century painted glass was found in and around the buildings. The intricate designs were of very high quality.

See also


  • Thomas, J. (2006). Thorney Abbey discovered? Current Archaeology 204: 619


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^ Hollister, C. Warren Henry I Yale University Press 2001 pp.160-161
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ Charles H. Talbot, The Life of Christina of Markyate: A Twelfth Century Recluse (University of Toronto Press, 1998) page 23.

External links

  • Parish of Thorney in the City of Peterborough
  • Abbey of Thorney from VCH
  • Thorney Abbey - Catholic Encyclopedia
  • The Calendar and the Cloister, website dedicated to Oxford, St John's College MS 17, an early 12th-century manuscript produced at Thorney Abbey.

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