World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tibetan Buddhist wall paintings

Article Id: WHEBN0034297714
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tibetan Buddhist wall paintings  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Tibetan art, Chödrak Gyatso, 7th Karmapa Lama, Dudul Dorje, 13th Karmapa Lama, Dob-dob, Deshin Shekpa, 5th Karmapa Lama
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Tibetan Buddhist wall paintings

The Tibetan Buddhist wall paintings are usually found in Tibetan Buddhist temples or other religious structures in the Western Himalayas. There are some regional differences, but the described techniques furnish a guideline to the traditional wall paintings within this area. The wall paintings were executed on earthen plaster with the so-called secco-technique.[1] A secco-technique is a painting technique in which the pigments with their binder are employed to paint onto a dry (Italian: secco) wall.

Painting technique

Detail wall painting, Ladakh
Detail of a wall painting in a Buddhist temple in Ladakh/India

The support for wall paintings in made of [3] Compasses were employed mainly for the construction of mandalas. Figures were roughly sketched, and then rendered with precise contours. These outlines are usually in black.[4] Repetitive designs were in some cases achieved with the use of stencils.[5] Traditionally, colour codes were employed to accelerate and simplify the colouring of the various ornaments and figures. For this purpose each section was given a number from 1-9 or an abbreviation of the name of the colour.[6] Some paintings were embellished with raised ornaments (pastiglia-technique).[7] Either a semi-liquid paste was applied to the painting surface, or a stamp had been previously produced from a mould and then applied onto the painting surface.[8] Depending on the final visible colour of a painting, specific colours for the underpainting were employed. An ochre for example has an underpainting in a bright yellow. Similar to Tibetan paintings, the traditional painting was carried out with shading systems, such as a dry or wet shading system. Shading may be obtained with glazes, or with one of the dry shading systems, such as the so-called dot-shading technique in which minuscle dots of colour cover the paintings surface.[9] Specific details were then achieved with small paint brushes employing a variety of colours: black, white, ochre or red.

Specific ornaments of a representation were enriched with gold. This was either applied as a gold leaf or as powder in a binder.[10]

Notes

  1. ^ Agrawal, O.P. (ed.) (1989) "Wall Paintings - Asian Perspective. In: Wall Paintings of India- A Historical Perspective. Lucknow, p.1.
  2. ^ Bogin, S.( 2005) "A Technical Study of Early Buddhist Wall Paintings at Nako, Himachal Pradesh, India." In: Kunsttechnologie und Konservierung; 19/2, p. 207.
  3. ^ Jackson, D. P., Jackson, J. A. (2006) Tibetan Thangka Painting: methods and materials. Hong Kong.
  4. ^ Bogin, S. (2005), "A Technical Study of the Early Buddhist Wall PAintings at Nako, Himachal Pradesh, India". In: Kunsttechnologie und Konservierung; 19/2, p. 219.
  5. ^ Lo Bue, E. (2006) "Tibetische Malerei." In: Tibet. Klöster öffnen ihre Schatzkammern. (Exhibition catalogue. Museum für Asiatische Kunst. Staatliche Museen zu Berlin.) Essen: Kulturstiftung Ruhr. p. 91.
  6. ^ Jackson, D. P, Jackson, J. A. (2006) "Tibetan Thangka Painting: methods and materials. Hong Kong, p.93.
  7. ^ Dasser, K. L. (1996) "Some Observations on the Technology of the Wall Paintings in the Sumtsek. In: Alchi: Ladakh's Hidden Buddhist Sanctuary. London: the Sumtsek, pp. 273-276.
  8. ^ Bogin, S. (2005), "A Technical Study of the Early Buddhist Wall Paintings at Nako, Himachal Pradesh, India". In: Kunsttechnologie und Konservierung; 19/2, p. 220.
  9. ^ Jackson, D. P., Jackson, J. A. (2006) "Tibetan Thangka Painting: methods and materials. Hong Kong, p. 111.
  10. ^ Mazzeo, R., et al (2004) "Characterization of Mural Painting Pigments from the Thubchen Lakhang Temple in Lo Manthang, Nepal". In: Journal of Raman Spectroscopy; 35, p. 678-685.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.