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Tiflis Governorate

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Title: Tiflis Governorate  
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Tiflis Governorate

Tiflis Governorate (English)
Тифлисская губерния (Modern Russian)
Тифлисская губернія (Pre-1918 Russian)

Coat of Arms

Coat of arms of Tiflis Governorate
Established 1846
Abolished 1917
Political status
Region
Governorate
Caucasus
Area
Area
- Rank
39,197 verst²
n/a
Population (1897 census)
Population
- Rank
- Density
- Urban
- Rural
1,051,032 inhabitants
n/a
26.8 inhab. / verst²
19.72%
80.28%
Government
First Head
Last Head
n/a
n/a

Tiflis Governorate (Armenia and northwestern Azerbaijan.

Tiflis Governorate was established in 1846 along with the [2]

Administrative divisions

Tiflis Governorate consisted of the following uyezds:[1]

  • Tiflis
  • Akhalkalaki
  • Akhaltsikhe
  • Borchali
  • Elisabethpol (attached to Elisabethpol Governorate in 1868)
  • Gori
  • Dusheti
  • Signakhi
  • Telavi
  • Tianeti

Demographics

As of 1897, 1,051,032 lived in the governorate, with around 20% of them being urban. Ethnic Armenians (18.7%), Azeris (10.2%), Russians (including Ukrainians and Old Believers, 9.7%), Ossetians (6.4%), Avars (3.2%), Greeks (2.6%), Turks (2.4%), etc. More than half of the population adhered to Eastern Orthodox Christianity with significant Muslim, Catholic and Jewish minorities.[1]

Ethnic groups in 1897[3]

Uyezd Georgians Armenians Azerbaijanis[4] Russians Ossetians Avars Greeks Turks Ukrainians Poles Germans Jews Kurds Chechens Dargins Lezgins
TOTAL 44.3% 18.7% 10.2% 7.5% 6.4% 3.2% 2.6% 2.4% ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Akhalkalaki 8.9% 72.3% 9.0% 7.1% ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1.1% ... ... ...
Akhaltsikhe 17.7% 22.0% 18.0% 2.5% ... ... ... 35.1% ... ... ... ... 2.0% ... ... ...
Borchali 6.1% 36.9% 29.4% 6.3% ... ... 16.6% ... ... ... 1.9% ... ... ... ... ...
Gori 65.0% 4.0% ... 2.8% 26.2% ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Dusheti 73.4% 2.5% ... 1.4% 21.4% ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Zakatala 14.7% 2.5% 34.4% ... ... 37.6% ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 8.8% 1.2%
Signakhi 82.9% 6.2% 5.2% 4.3% ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Telavi 85.9% 7.1% 2.8% 1.0% ... 2.6% ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Tianeti 88.7% 1.6% ... 1.9% ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 6.2% ... ...
Tiflis 34.2% 24.7% 5.9% 22.1% ... ... 1.9% ... 1.5% 2.1% 2.3% 1.4% ... ... ... ...

Governors

The administration tasks in the governorate were executed by a governor. Sometimes, a military governor was appointed as well. The governors of Tiflis Governorate were[5]

  • 1847–1849 Sergei Nikolayevich Yermolov, governor;
  • 1849–1855 Ivan Malkhazovich Andronnikov (Andronikashvili), military governor;
  • 1855–1857 Nikolay Yevgenyevich Lukash, military governor;
  • 1858–1860 Alexander Khristianovich Kapger, military governor;
  • 1860–1876 Konstantin Ivanovich Orlovsky, governor;
  • 1876–1878 Maxim Alexandrovich Osten-Saken, governor;
  • 1878–1883 Konstantin Dmitriyevich Gagarin, governor;
  • 1883–1887 Alexander Ignatyevich Grossman, governor;
  • 1887–1889 Karl Lvovich Zisserman, governor;
  • 1889–1897 Georgy Dmitriyevich Shervashidze (Giorgi Shervashidze), governor;
  • 1897–1899 Fyodor Alexandrovich Bykov, governor;
  • 1899–1905 Ivan Nikolayevich Svechin, governor;
  • 1905–1907 Pavel Alexandrovich Riush fon Traubenberg (Paulus Rausch von Traubenberg), governor;
  • 1907–1911 Mikhail Alexandrovich Lyubich-Yarmolovich-Lozina-Lozinsky, governor;
  • 1911–1914 Andrei Gavrilovich Chernyavsky, governor;
  • 1914–1916 Ivan Mikhaylovich Strakhovsky, governor;
  • 1916–1917 Alexander Nikolayevich Mandrika, acting governor.

References

  1. ^ a b c Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopaedia: Tiflis Governorate (Russian)
  2. ^ Coats of Arms of the Cities of the Georgia-Imeretia Governorate of the Russian Empire
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Denoted as Tatars in the source.
  5. ^

Further reading

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