Tong Ling

This article is about the prefecture-level city. For the county, see Tongling County.

Tongling
铜陵
Prefecture-level city
铜陵市

Location of Tongling City jurisdiction in Anhui
Country People's Republic of China
Province Anhui
County-level divisions 3 districts
1 county
Municipal seat

Tongguanshan District
(30°56′N 117°46′E / 30.933°N 117.767°E / 30.933; 117.767)

Government
 • CPC Secretary Shen Suli (沈素琍)
 • Mayor Chen Liangping (陈良平)
Area
 • Total 1,113 km2 (430 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 741,500
 • Density 670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 0562
GDP ¥32.5 billion
GDP per capita ¥44,870
License plate prefix 皖G
Website http://www.tl.gov.cn (Chinese)

Tongling (simplified Chinese: 铜陵; traditional Chinese: 銅陵; pinyin: Tónglíng; Wade–Giles: T'ung-ling; former names: Tunglinghsien, Tungkwanshan; literally "Copper Hillock") is a prefecture-level city in southern Anhui province. A river port along the Yangtze River, Tongling borders Wuhu to the east, Chizhou to the southwest and Anqing to the west.

The asteroid 12418 Tongling was named after the city.

Geography

Tongling is located in southern Anhui on the southern (right) bank of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, with latitude ranging from 30° 45' 12" to 31° 07' 56" N and longitude ranging from 117° 42' 00" to 118° 10' 06" E; the maximal north-south extent is 42.5 kilometres (26.4 mi), and the greatest east-west width is 40.6 km (25.2 mi).[1] It borders Fanchang County to the southeast, Qingyang County and Nanling County to the south, Guichi District of Chizhou to the southwest, and, northwest across the Yangtze, Wuwei County and Zongyang County.

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Tongling administers 4 county-level divisions, including 3 districts and 1 county.

In 2012, the provincial government made plans to cede Zongyang County from Anqing City to Tongling City, in order to grant the latter land across the Yangtze.[2]

History

Tongling has been famous as a beautiful mountain city since its origins in the Han dynasty over 1500 years ago. Owing to its copper and tin deposits, it was an important center in the past for bronze production. The scale of industrial activity gradually increased through the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) dynasties, the Japanese occupation of 1938-45, and especially under the Communist government since 1949.

Economy

Today the city's industrial base still revolves around the several nearby copper mines and copper processing operations. The local mineral resources also include : iron, coal, gold, silver,tin, Iron sulfide, plus more than twenty other rare minerals associated with them such as nickel, cadmium, gallium, molybdenum, germanium and selenium. Other important industries include chemical works, textiles, building materials, electronics, machinery and food processing. Long a hub of water transportation, in 1995 Tongling became the site of Anhui Province's first highway bridge spanning the Yangtze River.

Although Tongling City is mostly mountainous, the surrounding flatlands are rich agricultural regions producing rice, wheat, cotton, beans, garlic, herbal medicines and ginger. Large amounts of fish are also harvested in the region.

Tongling is the center for conservation efforts to preserve the last remaining Yangtze freshwater dolphins. Two semi-natural reserves have been established in the Tongling area, in the Tongling and Shishou oxbow lakes, but as yet no dolphins have been successfully captured and moved from the river into the lakes.

Tongling has developed at a rapid speed in the past 5 years,i.e. 2003 to 2007.The average GDP per capita has reached ¥44,870 in 2008 which is the second in Anhui province. And the increasing rate is 13%, far more than the average increasing rate of the whole province which is 12.8%.And it aims to achieve $10000 GDP per capita in 2012

Transport

Tongling is served by the Nanjing–Tongling and Tongling–Jiujiang Railways.

Culture

The famous poet of Tang Dynasty, Li Bai (c.700–762, also known as Li Po) praised the beauty and richness of Tongling.

International Relations

Tongling has established relations with 5 locations throughout the world.

Twin towns:

The contract of town-twinning with the city of Marbach am Neckar was established in 1990 and was among the first Sino-German town-twinnings, or sister city relationships. One lady citizen of Marbach am Neckar has been awarded honorary citizenship of Tongling City in 2005, recognizing her relentless effort to keep up the town-twinning. Marbach is the birthplace of the famous German poet Friedrich Schiller (1759–1805), as a symbol of friendship a statue was erected in local Tianjinhu-Lake-Park.

References

External links

  • Government website of Tongling (in Simplified Chinese)

Template:Anhui topics

Template:Major cities along the Yangtze River

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