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Tredegar House

Tredegar House
Main entrance to Tredegar House
General information
Architectural style Carolean
Location

Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales

Country United Kingdom
Construction started 1664
Completed 1672
Client William Morgan (of Machen and Tredegar)
Management National Trust
Website
National Trust: Tredegar House

Tredegar House ([1] in Monmouthshire and one of the "outstanding houses of the Restoration period in the whole of Britain",[1] the mansion stands in a reduced landscaped garden of 90 acres (0.36 km2) (0.14 of a square mile) forming the non-residential part of Tredegar Park. The property became a Grade I listed building on 3 March 1952[2] and has been under the care of the National Trust since March 2012.

Contents

  • History of the building 1
  • The Tredegar Morgans 1402–1951 2
  • Ownership 3
  • Filming and Events 4
  • Notes 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History of the building

The earliest surviving part of the building dates back to the late 15th century.[3] The house was originally built of stone and was very grand indeed, grand enough for Queen Elizabeth I.[4]

The Tredegar Morgans 1402–1951

Tredegar's name came from Tredegar Fawr, the name of the mansion or seat of the old Morgans, who were descended from Cadifor the Great the son of Collwyn; and the owners of the land upon which Tredegar stands. The earliest record of someone with the name Morgan living at Tredegar is 1402: a Llewellyn Ap Morgan. Tredegar House, set in 90 acres which remains landscaped for ornamental purposes, with less agriculture than in previous centuries, is the finest Restoration house in Wales and for over five hundred years the estate (including Ruperra Castle) was home to the Morgan family, later Lords Tredegar; one of the most powerful and influential families in the area.

John Morgan was created a Westphalia (Governor of Lippstadt, 20 miles (32 km) east of Dortmund in Germany). They had six children, two sons and four daughters (including Anna Petronilla and Johanna). He was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica 1664–65.

During the civil war after the Sir Charles Gould throughout the 18th century. Following his father's financial successes, his son further expanded several commercial and industrial projects, and virtually established Newport as an important trade centre. Whilst consolidating their influence on the political and economic issues of the country, they secured a baronetcy in 1859.

In 1854, Godfrey Morgan fought in, and survived, the Charge of the Light Brigade at Balaclava. Godfrey was 22 and Captain in the 17th Lancers. His steed, Sir Briggs, also survived and lived at Tredegar House until the horse's death at the age of 28. The horse was buried with full military honours in the Cedar Garden at Tredegar House. The monument still stands there today. In 1905 Godfrey was created the first Viscount Tredegar. He never married and on his death the estate passed to a relation. In 1920, the Tredegar Park Polo Club was founded at Tredegar House.[5]

Later, extravagance, eccentricities, and weighty death duties seriously depleted the family's financial assets throughout the next three generations. John Morgan, 6th Baron Tredegar died childless in 1962 aged 54. His death signalled the end of the Morgans of Tredegar. In 1951, Tredegar House was stripped, the remaining contents were auctioned, and the estate was sold.

Ownership

Eastern entrance

For over five hundred years it was home to one of the greatest of Welsh families, the Morgans (the same family as Lords Tredegar – until they left in 1951.

After 1951 the house was bought by the Catholic Church as a convent school with boarders, later St. Joseph's Roman Catholic comprehensive school. It was bought by the Newport Corporation Council in 1974, giving rise to its then status as "the grandest council house in Britain".[3]

In December 2011 the National Trust signed an agreement with Newport City Council to take on the management of the building, as well as the 90 acres of gardens and parkland, on a 50-year lease from 2012. The Trust said that Tredegar House was of "great importance" as many similar properties had been lost in the past 100 years.[6] The National Trust provide free-flow access to the house, but have closed parts of the upstairs to the public.

Filming and Events

The House has been used as a filming location on several occasions. In 2014 an episode of the Antiques Roadshow was filmed at the property and house's iconic red brick exterior now features in the programme's opening sequence.

The television series Being Human, Da Vinci's Demons and The Hairy Bikers have all used the house as a location. Since the programme was revived in 2005, many episodes of Doctor Who have used Tredegar House for location filming, including the 2008 Christmas special "The Next Doctor" and the 2009/2010 Christmas/New Year special "The End of Time".

The House plays host to many events throughout the year, including a Cadbury's Easter Egg Hunt, Pirate's Day, August Bank Holiday 1930s Garden Party, Halloween and Christmas, which is themed around Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol. There are also daily talks, activities and special tours for visitors.

The House is approved for marriages and civil ceremonies and the Morgan Room may be hired for private functions.

For many years an annual vintage car rally was held in the grounds in order to raise funds for Leukaemia Research. The first rally was held in October 1980 and raised £635. The 34th and final rally was held in September 2014 and raised £80,000, bringing the total amount raised since 1980 to £868,000.[7]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Newman, p. 562
  2. ^ http://britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/wa-2902-tredegar-house-coedkernew
  3. ^ a b "Tredegar House: A brief history of the building". Newport City Council. Retrieved 24 February 2011. 
  4. ^ Morgan, Octavius (1882), "Goldcliff and the Ancient Roman Inscribed Stone Found There 1878", Monmouthshire & Caerleon Antiquarian Association
  5. ^ Horace A. Laffaye, Polo in Britain: A History, Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2012, p. 13
  6. ^ "National Trust to take Tredegar to ‘new stage in its long history" by Daniel Fisher at www.walesonline.co.uk
  7. ^ https://leukaemialymphomaresearch.org.uk/event/local-events/34th-and-final-vintage-and-specialist-rally-2014

See also

  • Ruperra Castle
  • Evan Morgan, 2nd Viscount Tredegar
  • Godfrey Morgan, 1st Viscount Tredegar

References

  • Newman, John (2000). Gwent/Monmouthshire. The Buildings of Wales. Penguin.  

External links

  • Official site
  • Tredegar House – City of Newport site
  • Friends of Tredegar House
  • Tredegar House Vintage Car Rally
  • BBC Wales panoramic view of Tredegar House ??
  • Doctor Who at Tredegar House
  • The Tredegar House Folk Festival Society, Registered Charity no. 1103628 at the Charity Commission
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