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Title: Treenail  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Timber framing, Wood products, Wood, Nail (fastener), Treenailed boat
Collection: Shipbuilding, Timber Framing, Woodworking
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Building the Naga Pelangi - fitting the first plank required aligning many treenails
Plank fixing, trenails and red lead paint, Qui Nhơn, Vietnam.

A treenail, also trenail, trennel, or trunnel, is a wooden peg,[1] pin, or dowel used to fasten pieces of wood together, especially in timber frames, covered bridges, wooden shipbuilding and boat building. Many such buildings and bridges are still in use. Locust is a favorite wood when making trunnels in shipbuilding due to its strength and rot resistance and red oak is typical in buildings.

A method of firmly securing such a fastener in shipbuilding was to cut a parallel peg of a softer wood, and then expand its outer end with a wedge of much harder wood driven into it called a foxtail wedge.

Ancient shipbuilding used treenails to bind the boat together. They had the advantage of not giving rise to "nail-sickness", a term for decay accelerated and concentrated around metal fasteners.[2] Increased water content causes wood to expand, so that treenails gripped the planks tighter as they absorbed water. Similar wooden trenail fastenings were used as alternatives to metal spikes to secure railroad rail-support "chairs" to wooden sleepers in early Victorian times.

Traditionally trunnels and pegs were made by splitting bolts of wood with a froe and shaping them with a drawknife on a shaving horse.


  1. ^ Edwards, Jay Dearborn, and Nicolas Verton. A Creole lexicon architecture, landscape, people. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2004. Print. 237.
  2. ^ Kettunen, P. O., Wood Structure and Properties. Uetikon-Zuerich: Trans Tech Publications, 2006. 377. Print.

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