World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Tring railway station

Tring
Location
Place Tring
Local authority Borough of Dacorum
Grid reference
Operations
Station code TRI
Managed by London Midland
Number of platforms 5
DfT category C2
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05  0.452 million
2005/06 0.502 million
2006/07 0.553 million
2007/08 0.587 million
2008/09 0.576 million
2009/10 0.588 million
2010/11 0.661 million
2011/12 0.724 million
2012/13 0.767 million
2013/14 0.789 million
History
Key dates Opened October 1837 (October 1837)
National RailUK railway stations
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Tring from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
UK Railways portal

Tring railway station is 1.5 miles outside the small town of Tring, close to the Grand Union Canal and actually nearer the village of Aldbury in Hertfordshire, England. The former Royal Station Hotel and Restaurant has been converted into residential accommodation and beyond that is a small collection of houses, some modern, including a terrace of former LNWR railway cottages. Situated on the West Coast Main Line, the station is now an important marshalling point for commuter trains from here for most stations to London Euston.

There are five full length (12-car) platforms, with one side platform and two islands. To the east of the station are some south facing sidings connecting to the slow lines. Platforms 1 & 2 are the fast-line platforms, platforms 3 & 5 are the slow-line platforms and platform 4 is a platform used by starting and terminating services to/from Euston and additional through trains southbound.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Services 2
  • Future services 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

Tring station was opened by the London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR) in 1837. The L&BR opened its line out of London as far as Boxmoor on 20 July 1837, and reached Tring a few months later. The first train to Tring ran from Primrose Hill at 9:00 am on 16 October 1837, reaching Tring at 10:10 am. On 15 November 1844, Queen Victoria and Prince Albert made their first train journey north from Euston, reaching Tring in 52 minutes where the train stopped to take on water. Despite rain, the appearance of the royal train attracted crowds of farm labourers and local children, to the Queen's delight. It is reported the after this stop, Victoria asked that the speed of her train be reduced.[1]

The L&BR was constructed by the railway engineer Earl of Clarendon, Lord Brownlow and Sir Astley Cooper delayed the project and forced the route to be changed before parliamentary approval could be obtained, with the result that Tring railway station had to be sited some distance from the town.[1][2] The remote location of Tring station is sometimes wrongly attributed to objections which were said to have been made by Lord Rothschild to protect his land in Tring; in fact, Lord Rothschild was not born until 1840, three years after the railway had opened and the Tring lands were only acquired by his father Lionel in 1872. He did, however, object to a much later plan to build a steam tramway between Tring Station and Aylesbury. Tring station's distance from the town would have been greater had the L&BR placed the station at Pitstone Green, some 3 miles further north, as it originally planned to do. The preferred location at Pendley required purchasing land from the Comte d’Harcourt, another landowner reluctant to admit the railways to his estate, and he demanded such an exorbitant price that the L&BR selected a cheaper but less convenient plot of land. The townspeople of Tring were so enthusiastic for a railway that in 1837 they raised funds to bridge the difference in price between what the Company was prepared to pay and the price demanded by the Harcourt estate.[1] They also supported the construction of a new road to the station and according to the 1839 issue of the Railway Times, "As soon as the Company had determined upon making it a first class station (where every train stops), the inhabitants came forward in a very spirited manner, and at their own expense formed a new road direct to the town".[3]

Tring station originally intended as a destination of a branch of the Metropolitan Railway (MR). A short section of the branch from Chalfont and Latimer to Chesham was built in 1887-89 before the MR chose to construct an alternative route across the Chilterns via Aylesbury instead. Although the MR continued to buy land between Chesham and Tring for some years after Chesham station opened, the route was never extended further and today Chesham remains as a branch line terminus of Transport for London's Metropolitan line.[4][5]

Services

London Midland train at Tring Station
West London Route
West Coast Main Line
Milton Keynes Central
Bletchley
Leighton Buzzard
Tring
Berkhamstead
Hemel Hempstead
M25 motorway
Watford Junction
Harrow & Wealdstone
Wembley Central
to London Euston
to Stratford
Shepherd's Bush
Kensington (Olympia)
West Brompton
Imperial Wharf
River Thames
Clapham Junction
Wandsworth Common
Balham
Streatham Common
Norbury
Thornton Heath
Selhurst
East Croydon
South Croydon
Brighton Main Line
and Oxted Line

Tring lies on a major commuter route into central London and most West Coast Main Line train services run directly into London Euston. It is the terminus of most slower London Midland trains out of Euston and platform 4 provides a turnaround for these trains. There is one train to and from Crewe on weekdays. Tring is also served by an hourly cross-London service which runs via the West London Line to serve stations in South London.

The typical off-peak services in each direction are:

Mondays-Saturdays

Sundays

  • 2 trains per hour to Euston, one calls at Berkhamsted, Hemel Hempstead, Watford Junction and Harrow and Wealdstone, whilst the other service calls at Berkhamstead, Hemel Hempstead, Apsley, Kings Langley, Watford Junction, Bushey and Harrow and Wealdstone.
  • 1 train per hour to Milton Keynes Central, calling at Cheddington, Leighton Buzzard and Bletchley.
Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Cheddington   London Midland
West Coast Main Line
  Berkhamsted
Southern

Future services

Outline map of the possible future Crossrail extensions as recommended in the 2011 RUS[6]

In the London & South East Rail Utilisation Strategy document published by Network Rail in 2011, Tring was identified as a terminus of a possible northern extension of the Crossrail lines now under construction in central London.[6] The report recommends the addition of a tunnel in the vicinity of the proposed station at Old Oak Common connecting the Crossrail route to the West Coast Mainline. The diversion of rail services through central London would enable a direct link from stations such as Tring to West End stations such as Tottenham Court Road and would alleviate congestion at Euston station; Crossrail services currently planned to terminate at Paddington due to capacity constraints would also be able to continue further west, allowing for a more efficient use of the line. This proposal has not been officially confirmed or funded, although an announcement made in August 2014 by the transport secretary Patrick McLoughlin indicated that the government was actively evaluating the possibility of extending Crossrail as far as Tring.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Austin, Wendy; Petticrew, Ian (November 2013). "THE RAILWAY COMES TO TRING: 1835-1846". Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Birtchnell, Percy (1960). "Our Communications". A Short History of Berkhamsted.  
  3. ^ "London and Birmingham Railway". The Railway Times (London) II: 945. 1838. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  4. ^ Foxell, Clive (1996). Chesham Shuttle (2 ed.). Chesham: Clive Foxell. p. 32.  
  5. ^ Simpson, Bill (2004). A History of the Metropolitan Railway 2. Witney: Lamplight Publications. pp. 8, 14.  
  6. ^ a b "8. Potential new lines". London and South East Route Utilisation Strategy. Network Rail. 28 July 2011. pp. 149–153. 
  7. ^ Topham, Gwyn (7 August 2014). "New Crossrail route mooted from Hertfordshire into London". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 

External links

  • Train times and station information for Tring railway station from National Rail
  • The Building of the London to Birmingham Railway - Hertfordshire Genealogy

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.