World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Trombay

Article Id: WHEBN0007765532
Reproduction Date:

Title: Trombay  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Smiling Buddha, Pokhran-II, Eastern Suburbs (Mumbai), Tata Power, Mumbai Suburban district
Collection: Cities and Towns in Mumbai Suburban District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Trombay

Trombay
Turbhe
suburb
Trombay is located in Mumbai
Trombay
Location in Mumbai, India
Coordinates:
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Mumbai Suburban
Metro Mumbai
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Trombay is a northeastern suburb in Mumbai, India, with Mankhurd as the closest railway station on the Harbour Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Landmarks 4
    • Cheeta Camp 4.1
    • Paylipada 4.2
  • See also 5
  • References 6

History

Trombay was called Neat's Tongue because of its shape. Once, it was an island nearly 5 km East of Mumbai and was about 8 km in length and 8 km in width. The island contains several ruins of Portuguese churches from the 1620s and 1630s.[1]

1893 map showing Trombay

In 1928, the Great Indian Peninsular Railway opened the Trombay-Andheri line called the Salsette Trombay Railway or Central Salsette Tramway.[2]

The original inhabitants of Trombay were fisherman (Koli's) - due to its proximity to the Thane creek and the Arabian Sea. It was called as "Turbhe" (not to be confused with another area called Turbhe in Navi Mumbai) in the local language. Pailipada, near Trombay Village, is also very old, having one of the oldest masjid in Mumbai.Trombay gaothan is old village of Koli family. Pailipada has majority Muslim population. In 1976 the Janata Colony area was relocated by BARC by order of the central government and formed as Cheetah Camp.

Geography

Being in a secluded end of Mumbai, the Indian Navy set up a small base there mostly for administrative purposes. This was soon followed by the setting up of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, the foremost research institution in India. This was followed by NTPC setting up a storage and administrative facility. In the 1960s, with industrialization picking up in India, many companies found Trombay to be an attractive place for setting up factories, especially due to the proximity to the sea. Burma-Shell was one such company, which was soon followed by BPCL and later FCI.

In the 2000, the nationalization wave swept India, and Burma-Shell became part of BPCL. FCI was split and the Trombay complex became Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilizers. All of a sudden, Trombay was thrust into the spotlight for being an industrial suburb which was a far cry from the actual reality. The non-industrial Trombay during this time remained as sparely populated as ever.

In the 1980s, BARC got its act together and relocated several thousand inhabitants from its residential colony to a place in Trombay called Cheeta Camp. Till today, Cheeta Camp is the most densely populated part of Trombay. Gradually as Chembur started expanding, people started moving to Trombay in search of a quieter lifestyle.

Demographics

Starting out as an industrial area, Trombay is still known more for its industries than a residential suburb but this is fast changing. Trombay has a cosmopolitan population that is dominated by Tamilians and Maharashtrians followed by Keralites, Punjabis, Sindhis and Gujaratis.

Anushakti Nagar is the residential colony of Bhabha Atomic Research Center.

Landmarks

Trombay Bus depot
  • Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC): India's first nuclear research facility
  • Cheeta Camp
  • Mandala Village

Cheeta Camp

Cheeta Camp: Relocated by BARC in 1976, thousands of middle-class family moved to a new area, which was named as Cheeta Camp. Mostly people from South India, such as Tamil Nadu & Kerala, as well as other states settled here. Even though it is a slum area, it is far better in terms of good quality lifestyle and hygienic environment. Pollution levels are minimal in this area as it is away from major roads and industrial areas, which are the main causes of pollution. Cheeta Camp faces a hill on one side and Arabian Sea on the other.

Before, the area was populated mainly by the poor and lower-middle-class people, but currently the new generation of Cheeta Camp is well educated. Moreover, a lot of them are IT Professionals. They have upgraded their lifestyle and can afford houses in developed, upmarket and posh localities. Still they love this area. In this so-called Chawl area, people enjoy their living. Social Life is very active and people from all religions stay united. Interestingly, even though most of Mumbai was afflicted by the 1992 communal riots, Cheeta Camp remained safe & secure. After this, many families moved here to settle, including those from downtown Mumbai. The majority of the population is from South India.

Paylipada

Payli pada this name formed by Payri (coin currency) pada (village) which established by portugues government for making coin currency factory near by payli pada lake. payli pada village settled ground of mandala hill, which is famous for oldest Portuguese church on hill top (now its area undertaken by BARC and Indian Navy)

See also

References

  1. ^ Gazetteers of the Bombay Presidency - Thana - http://www.maharashtra.gov.in/pdf/gazeetter_reprint/Thane-III/places_Trombay.html - Retrieved on December 3, 2010.
  2. ^ Times of India - Chembur-Ghatkopar Plus - http://chemburghatkoparplus.mumbaimirror.com/index.aspx?Page=article&comments=true§name=News§id=1&contentid=2010022720100225173641113f0b4d1d4 - Retrieved on December 3, 2010
Chembur
Preceding station:
Vashi
Mumbai Suburban Railway : Harbour Line Following station:
Govandi
Stop No: Mankhurd KM from start: 13 Platforms: 18
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.