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Title: Troop  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Military organization, Platoon, Squadron (army), Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment, Wellington Mounted Rifles Regiment
Collection: Military Units and Formations by Size
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


K Troop, US 9th Cavalry

A troop is a military sub-subunit, originally a small formation of cavalry, subordinate to a squadron. In many armies a troop is the equivalent element to the infantry section or platoon. Exceptions are the Royal Horse Artillery and the US Cavalry, where troop are subunits and refers to an infantry company or artillery battery.

A cavalry soldier of private rank is called a trooper in many Commonwealth armies (abbreviated Tpr, not to be confused with trouper).

A related sense of the term troops refers to members of the military collectively, as in the troops; see Troop.

In some countries, like Italy, the company-level cavalry unit is called "Squadron".

Troops in various forces

Today, a troop is defined differently in different armed forces.

In the Australian Army a troop is the equivalent of a platoon sized element in units of certain corps, those being:[1]

The SASR is the only unit in the Royal Australian Infantry Corps to use the term troop to refer to its platoon size elements. SASR troops are also unusual as they are commanded by a captain—most troop/platoon sized elements are commanded by a lieutenant. In all cases, units which refer to platoon sized elements as troops refer to company-sized elements as squadrons and battalion-sized elements as regiments. Privates in the RAAC and SASR hold the rank "trooper", however this is not the case for any other Corps/units which use the term troops.[2]

12th Royal Lancers on manoeuvres.

In the British Army the definition of a troop varies by corps.

Other army corps do not use the term.

In the British Commandos in World War II.

In the Canadian Army, a troop is the equivalent of a platoon within the armoured, artillery, engineer, and signals branches. Two to four troops comprise the main elements of a squadron.

In the United States Army, in the cavalry branch, a troop is the equivalent unit to the infantry company, commanded by a captain and consisting of three or four platoons, and subordinate to a squadron (battalion). Companies were renamed troops in 1883.[3]

Troops in civilian organizations

In the United States,

In Scouting, a troop is a unit made up of scouts or guides from the same locality under a leader. In the case of Guides, the term "company" is used more often, and was used by the founder in his first books about guiding.


  1. ^ Jobson, Christopher (2009). Looking Forward, Looking Back: Customs and Traditions of the Australian Army. Wavell Heights, Queensland: Big Sky Publishing. p. 93.  
  2. ^ Jobson 2009, p. 15.
  3. ^
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