World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tropical rainforest climate

Article Id: WHEBN0018676889
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tropical rainforest climate  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Köppen climate classification, Climate of Uttar Pradesh, Tasikmalaya Regency, Climate of the Philippines, Befale
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Tropical rainforest climate

Worldwide zones of Tropical rainforest climate (Af).
A tropical rainforest climate, also known as an equatorial climate, is a tropical climate usually (but not always) found along the equator. Regions with this climate typically feature tropical rainforests, and it is designated by the Köppen climate classification.

Description

Tropical rainforests are a type of tropical climate in which there is no dry season – all months have an average precipitation value of at least 60 mm. Tropical rainforest climates have no pronounced summer or winter; it is typically hot and wet throughout the year and rainfall is both heavy and frequent. One day in an equatorial climate can be very similar to the next, while the change in temperature between day and night may be larger than the average change in temperature along the year.

Distribution

Upland rainforest in Borneo. Sabah, Malaysia
A tropical rainforest climate is usually found at latitudes within five degrees North and south of the equator, which are dominated by the Intertropical Convergence Zone. The climate is most commonly found in Southeast Asia, Central Africa and South America. However, tropical microclimates are found in many other regions (e.g. far North Queensland), while not everywhere along the equatorial region there is a tropical rainforest climate (see also Equatorial dry zone).


Some of the places that have this climate are indeed uniformly and monotonously wet throughout the year (e.g., the northwest Pacific coast of South and Central America, from Ecuador to Costa Rica, see for instance, Andagoya, Colombia), but in many cases the period of higher sun and longer days is distinctly driest (as at Palembang, Indonesia) or the time of lower sun and shorter days may have more rain (as at Sitiawan, Malaysia).

Additionally, while tropical rainforest climates are typically located near the equator (hence the alternate name “equatorial climate”), there are a number of instances where the climate is found some distance away from the equator. For instance, Santos, Brazil and Fort Lauderdale, USA are not only far removed from the equator, but are actually located just outside the tropics. Yet both of these cities feature a tropical rainforest climate, albeit with noticeably cooler and warmer periods of the year.

Notable cities with Tropical rainforest climates

Examples

Apia, Samoa
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
450
 
30
23
 
 
380
 
29
24
 
 
350
 
30
23
 
 
250
 
30
23
 
 
260
 
29
23
 
 
120
 
29
23
 
 
80
 
29
23
 
 
80
 
28
23
 
 
130
 
28
23
 
 
170
 
29
23
 
 
260
 
30
23
 
 
370
 
29
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [1]
Paramaribo, Suriname
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
200
 
30
22
 
 
140
 
30
22
 
 
150
 
30
22
 
 
210
 
31
22
 
 
290
 
30
23
 
 
290
 
31
22
 
 
230
 
31
22
 
 
170
 
32
23
 
 
90
 
32
23
 
 
90
 
33
23
 
 
120
 
32
23
 
 
180
 
30
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [2]
Mbandaka, DR Congo
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
80
 
31
19
 
 
100
 
32
20
 
 
150
 
32
20
 
 
140
 
31
20
 
 
130
 
31
20
 
 
110
 
30
19
 
 
100
 
30
17
 
 
100
 
29
17
 
 
200
 
30
19
 
 
210
 
30
19
 
 
190
 
30
19
 
 
120
 
30
19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [3]
Biak, Indonesia
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
250
 
29
25
 
 
240
 
28
25
 
 
250
 
29
25
 
 
200
 
29
25
 
 
250
 
29
25
 
 
230
 
29
25
 
 
250
 
28
25
 
 
240
 
29
25
 
 
220
 
29
25
 
 
180
 
29
25
 
 
190
 
30
25
 
 
230
 
29
25
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [4]
Kuching, Malaysia
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
466
 
30
23
 
 
445
 
29
23
 
 
465
 
30
23
 
 
251
 
32
23
 
 
347
 
33
24
 
 
310
 
32
23
 
 
184
 
31
23
 
 
326
 
32
23
 
 
208
 
32
23
 
 
307
 
32
23
 
 
482
 
32
24
 
 
516
 
30
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Monthly Statistical Bulletin Sarawak
Quibdó, Colombia
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
579
 
30
23
 
 
505
 
30
23
 
 
526
 
30
23
 
 
655
 
31
23
 
 
776
 
31
23
 
 
762
 
31
23
 
 
803
 
31
23
 
 
852
 
31
23
 
 
702
 
31
23
 
 
654
 
30
23
 
 
728
 
30
23
 
 
589
 
30
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [5]

See also

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.