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Tulse Hill

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Title: Tulse Hill  
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Subject: Brixton, William Huggins, Herne Hill, Dulwich, West Dulwich
Collection: Areas of London, Districts of Lambeth, Geography of Lambeth, Streets in Lambeth
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Tulse Hill

Tulse Hill
Tulse Hill is located in Greater London
Tulse Hill
Tulse Hill
 Tulse Hill shown within Greater London
OS grid reference
London borough Lambeth
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SE21 , SE24, SE27
Postcode district SW2
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Dulwich and West Norwood
London Assembly Lambeth and Southwark
List of places
UK
England
London

Tulse Hill is a district in the London Borough of Lambeth in south London, England. It lies to the south of Brixton, east of Brixton Hill, north of West Norwood and west of West Dulwich.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Transport 2
    • Roads 2.1
    • Buses 2.2
    • Nearest railway stations 2.3
    • Nearest tube station 2.4
  • Prominent buildings 3
  • Edible Bus Stop gardening project 4
  • Famous residents 5
  • Nearest places 6
  • Nearby attractions 7
  • Mentions in popular music 8
  • Mentions in literature 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

The area known as Tulse Hill is part of the former Manor or Manors of Bodley, Upgroves and Scarlettes whose precise boundaries are now uncertain. The name of the area comes from the Tulse family who came into ownership of farmland in the area during the period of the Commonwealth in the 1650s.[1] Sir Henry Tulse was Lord Mayor of London in 1683 and his daughter Elizabeth married Richard Onslow, 1st Baron Onslow.[2] The land remained in Onslow ownership until 1789 when most of it was purchased by William Cole. The estate was further divided on Cole's death in 1807.

The western part was left to "Mercy Cressingham, spinster" (now commemorated by the Cressingham Gardens estate in the area) and the eastern part -now mostly occupied by Brockwell Park - was left to Richard Ogbourne who promptly sold it on to John Blades.

In 1810 Tulse Hill Farm was the only building in western part of the area. The enclosure of land in the parish of Lambeth in 1811 led to the construction of Effra Road in the area immediately to the north. Together with improvements to Brixton Road by the local turnpike trust this greatly improved road communications with central London, and the value of the local landholdings.

The heiress Miss Cressingham did not remain a spinster for long. Her husband Dr Thomas Edwards, took the initiative in buying extra land to make an access from Brixton Hill in 1814 and laying out two new roads Lower Tulse Hill Road (now known simply as Tulse Hill) and Upper Tulse Hill Road (now Upper Tulse Hill) before 1821. A plan of 1821 in the RIBA Library shows a proposed speculative development of both the Edwards estate and the adjacent Blades estate with large detached villas, although only the former actually came to fruition. The new roads were adopted by the parish in 1822.

An 1832 map shows that Tulse Hill still had only a few buildings on the new roads in contrast to nearby recently developed areas in Brixton and Norwood and the longer established hamlet of Dulwich.[3] However, by 1843, there was a continuous line of houses, predominantly detached and usually with separate coach houses along the full length of Lower Tulse Hill Road from Brixton to the top of the hill.

Development of the area to the east of this road commenced in 1845 when Trinity Rise was built to connect Upper Tulse Hill with Norwood Road. Holy Trinity Church on Trinity Rise was built in 1855-6 and is now grade II listed.

Major development of the area further east did not come until the opening of Tulse Hill railway station in 1868.

Most of the original villas with large gardens on the original Edwards-Cressingham landholding have been redeveloped at much higher densities for council housing since the 1930s.

The most prominent survival of 19th century Tulse Hill is Berry House, later called Silwood Hall, and now forming the front part of St Martin-In-The-Fields High School for Girls, a Church of England secondary school which has outlasted the nearby 1950s schools.

The redevelopment of Tulse Hill after World War II by the London County Council had included the construction of two large secondary schools - Tulse Hill School and Dick Sheppard School (originally for girls only). Both schools have now closed, and their sites have been redeveloped for housing of very contrasting types. The Dick Sheppard School site was redeveloped as Brockwell Gate,[4] a gated Regency style with houses and apartments overlooking Brockwell Park.

The site of Tulse Hill school was redeveloped as affordable housing. It appeared on the news on 22 July 2005 after a police surveillance operation on a blocks of flats in Scotia Road within the new development. Following the 21 July 2005 London bombings, the terrorist suspect Osman Hussain was linked to a flat in the block. Brazilian electrician Jean Charles de Menezes was a resident of the same block and was fatally shot at Stockwell tube station by the police who had been tracking Hussain.

Transport

Roads

At the southern end of Tulse Hill is a major road junction between the A204 (Tulse Hill), A205 (South Circular) and the A215 (Norwood Road).

Buses

The area is served by London Buses routes 2, 68, 196, 201, 432, 415, 332, 468 and P13 and route 3 goes along Effra Road and Dulwich Road to the north of Tulse Hill before passing through West Dulwich along the Croxted Road east of the Hill.

Nearest railway stations

Nearest tube station

Prominent buildings

Edible Bus Stop gardening project

The Edible Bus Stop, on Norwood Road, is a guerrilla garden venture on a WWII bomb site. It features a biodiverse range of plants and herbs not otherwise found growing in London.[5]

Famous residents

Nearest places

Nearby attractions

Mentions in popular music

Mentions in literature

Samson Young, protagonist in Martin Amis's "London Fields" goes to Tulse Hill to buy drugs.

Jason Strugnell, a fictional poet in Wendy Cope's "Making Cocoa For Kingsley Amis", lives in Tulse Hill and mentions it a couple of times in "his" poems.

The "Tulse Hill Parliament", a political club, features in P. G. Wodehouse's comic novel Psmith in the City. The author attended Dulwich College, which is in the vicinity.

Noel Streatfeild's novel "Tennis Shoes" (1937) is written about a family who live in Tulse Hill.

Tulse Hill and its surrounding areas are locations in Mark Billingham's crime novel "In The Dark" (Little, Brown & Company [Aug 2008]) ISBN 1-4087-0069-7

References

  1. ^ History of Brockwell Park, Friends of Brockwell Park
  2. ^ 'Lambeth: The parish', A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4 (1912), pp. 50-64. Date accessed: 15 May 2011
  3. ^ Genealogy & Family History, London Ancestor website
  4. ^ http://www.brockwellgate.com/Home
  5. ^ http://theediblebusstop.org/staging/gardens/west-norwood/
  6. ^ Profile: Archbishop John Sentamu, BBC
  7. ^ Recreated rock residences – a wish list

External links

  • Old images of Tulse Hill
  • norwoodnet
  • Tulse Hill & Dulwich Hockey Club
  • Tulse Hill Forum
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