World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Turks of the Dodecanese

Article Id: WHEBN0006010642
Reproduction Date:

Title: Turks of the Dodecanese  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Treaty of Lausanne, Turkish people, Turks in Germany, Turks of Western Thrace, Muslim minority of Greece, Levantine mansions of İzmir, Turkish minorities in the former Ottoman Empire, Turkish population
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Turks of the Dodecanese

An Ottoman Turkish mosque in Rhodes

The Turks of the Dodecanese form a 5,000-strong[1] community of Turkish-speaking people and ethnic Turks living on the Dodecanese islands of Rhodes (Turkish: Rodos) and Kos (Turkish: İstanköy) who were not affected by the 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey, since the islands were under the rule of the Kingdom of Italy at the time (from 1912). All inhabitants of the islands became Greek citizens after 1947 when the islands became part of Greece.

As a result of this incorporation into Greece and due to the situation following the Cyprus conflict and the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974 many Muslim Turks left the islands and settled in Turkey.[2] Many of them were deprived of their Greek citizenship and property.[3] Some of those who stayed abandoned the Turkish language and their religion.[4]

The Turks in Kos are partly organized around the Turkish Muslim Association of Kos (Turkish: İstanköy Türk Müslüman Derneği) which gives the figure 2,000 for the population they bring together and represent for the Greek island.[5]

Those in Rhodes are organized around the Turkish Association of Rhodes (Turkish: Rodos Türk Derneği), which gives the figure 3,500 for the population they bring together and represent for the island.[6]

The Turkish terms sometimes used for the members of the various organizations can vary depending on different specifications. The unofficial Oniki Ada Türkleri has been pushed by some for the exact equivalent of the term "Turks of the Dodecanese". Other are societies called Rodos Türkleri or İstanköy Türkleri for the two respective islands, or even Giritli ("Cretans" in Turkish) for some of the population, since some had emigrated to the Dodecanese from Crete in the process of the adhesion of Crete to Greece or due to cultural similarities with Cretan Turks. The more general term Adalı is sometimes used (meaning "islanders").

The Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs estimates the number of the Turks in Rhodes and Kos as 6.000.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ Clogg 2002, 84.
  2. ^ http://www.helsinki.fi/slavicahelsingiensia/preview/sh41/pdf/3.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.helsinki.fi/slavicahelsingiensia/preview/sh41/pdf/3.pdf
  4. ^ http://www.helsinki.fi/slavicahelsingiensia/preview/sh41/pdf/3.pdf
  5. ^ News article on the publication of the constitutive article for the Turkish Muslim Association of Kos in the Greek Official Gazette (Turkish)
  6. ^ Turkish wedding in Rhodes attended by Abdullah Gül (Turkish)
  7. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.tr/bati-trakya-turk-azinligi.tr.mfa

Bibliography

  • Clogg, Richard (2002), Minorities in Greece, Hurst & Co. Publishers, ISBN  .

External links

  • Website of the association of Turks from the Dodecanese settled in Turkey (in Turkish)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.