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Udumalpet

 

Udumalpet

Udumalaipettai
Udumalpet
Town
Udumalaipettai
Udumalaipettai
Location in Tamil Nadu, India

Coordinates: 10°35′N 77°14′E / 10.58°N 77.24°E / 10.58; 77.24Coordinates: 10°35′N 77°14′E / 10.58°N 77.24°E / 10.58; 77.24

Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Tirupur district
Elevation 400 m (1,300 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 2,159,968
Languages Tamil, English
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 642126
Telephone code 04252
Vehicle registration TN-78(formely TN-41,TN-42)
Website

Udumalai also known as Udumalaipettaiis a town in Udumalaipettai taluk of the Tirupur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Earlier it was under Coimbatore District[1] Indian state of Tamil Nadu. As it is called, Udumalpet town is one of the famous summer resorts of Tamil Nadu, surrounded by Mountains on three sides. Along with Pollachi, it is one of the twin cities separated from Coimbatore.

The town has grown into a Municipality in the year 1918 and latter upgraded to Second Grade Municipality in 1970. By status it was declared as first Grade Municipality in 1979 and then a Selection Grade Municipality from 1984. The extent of the Municipality is 7.41 km2. of which 6.582 km2 are under urban use and 0.828 km2. are under non-urban such as agricultural etc. It is located abutting the National Highway connecting between Dindugul and Mysore. It is also otherwise well connected by Roads and Railway. Being situated in the near foot hill of western Ghats blessed with copious water resources from dams. It attracts people of many walks of life. Being a calm medium sized town having fairly good access and year long cool climate attracts many settlers. Top among them are the officials last posted in Udumalpet or nearby area select and settle in Udumalpet. This town is an important trading center for cotton, jaggery, rice and other food grains. Udumalpet enjoys a pleasing atmosphere due to the Palghat gap on the Western Ghats during the south west monsoon. The maximum and minimum temperatures are 39.0 degree Celsius and 15.0 degree Celsius respectively and located in an altitude of about 120 mt above. Udumalpet is a Municipality and a Taluk Head Quarters. It has 33 Elected Wards. The Municipality is administrated by a Commissioner supported by Municipal Engineer. Town Planning Officer, Manager, Health Officer and other staff. The Council has 11 lady members 22 Male members.

Udumalpet town lies 559 km South-West of Chennai and 69 km South-East of Coimbatore on the Dindigul-Mysore National Highway No.209. The important towns around Udumalpet are Palani at a distance of 34 km in the east and Pollachi at a distance of 29 km in the west. Being the Taluk head quarters The town has a population of 59668 as per 2001 census. The town has a rich agriculture linter land fed by the Parambikulam – Aliyar irrigation project and is directly linked to Thirumoorthy dam project and hence it serves as an important trading/ commercial and industrial town for the neighbouring area.

The town was previously under Coimbatore district but was moved under the newly formed Tirupur district in October 2008. The change was opposed by many of the residents but it was not reverted.[2] In short known as Udumalai, the city is surrounded by the high mountains of Western Ghats on three sides. This Municipal town has a population of about 60,000. Udumalpet is an industrial town with number of textile, paper and farming related industries established here. Famous landmarks and monuments in and around the town includes Thirumoorthy Hills, which has the Thirumurthi water reservoir that provides water supply to the town, Mariamman Temple, an old worshiping place in the town center and Amaravathi Reservoir, across Amaravathi River which provides irrigation to the agricultural lands around the town. Both Thirumoorthy Hills and Amaravathi Reservoir provide recreational activities such as boating, fishing and hiking and attract tourists from other parts of the state. Udumalpet lies in the midway between the famous temple town of Palani (35 km)and Pollachi (28 km)on the National Highway No.209. Udumalpet is also connected by a metre gauge railway line. Now Broad gauge railway line work is in progress. These railway lines will connect Coimbatore JN to Rameswaram JN and Coimbatore to Howrah Junction trains will be routed through Udumalpet Junction. Udumalpet is also called as poor mans Ooty (not Yercaud).Another name recently given to Udumalpet is Poultry City. Most of the famous Poultry companies are based from Udumalpet. Udumalpet assembly constituency is part of Pollachi (Lok Sabha constituency).[3] In 2013 Udumalpet town selected a Best Municipality in Tamil Nadu. This city is a planned city for all the resources

Demographics

As of the census of India 2001, Udumalaipettai had a population of 59,668 comprising 29,330 males and 30,338 females, making the sex ratio (number of females per thousand males) of the town to 1,034. A total of 5,659 people were under six years of age and the child sex ratio (number of females per thousand males under six years of age) stood at 993. The town had an average literacy of 88.3%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. A total of 5,566 comprising 10.31% of the population belonged to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 10 comprising 0.02% of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST). There were are total of 14,889 households in the town. As of 2001, Udumalaipettai had a total of 20,920 main workers: 350 cultivators, 248 agricultural labourers, 389 in house hold industries and 19,933 other workers. There was a total of 707 marginal workers: 9 marginal cultivators, 59 marginal agricultural labourers, 33 marginal workers in household industries and 606 other marginal workers.[4]

Education

Udumalpet is well known for its schools and educational institutes. There are about eleven higher secondary schools and three colleges. The Government Higher Secondary School was established during British rule and is a model for best performing schools in the government sector. The only Sainik School of Tamil Nadu is located at Amaravathinagar which is 21 km from Udumalpet. Sri Kanniga Parameswari higher secondary school is one of the biggest school in terms of enrollment and it is more affordable. The syllabus is based on state board. Srinivasa Vidhyalaya Matriculation, has produced many state and national scorers, and many valuable sportsmen too. The other matriculation schools in the town - RGMHSS, UKPM Matriculation, Stella Maris and a few others. Over the years, schools in Udumalpet have consistently produced students who have scored top ranks in State examinations. Lourde Matha Marticulation school by sister concerned of Avila Convent Coimbatore and V.A.V.International syallbus and CBSE School and Srinivasa Public School CBSE syallabus recently started in the City.

G.K.N (Gandhi Kala Nilayan) was founded by S.T.Subbiah Gounder in 1948. After independence most of the villages in and around udumalpet lived in Dark Ages due to high illiteracy. People of udumalpet have to travel longer distances to get quality education. In order to reduce their agony, Subbiah Gounder started Gandhi Kala Nilayam School in Karatumadam under udumalpet taluk.

Sri GVG Visalakshi School, and College for Women, are primarily focused towards empowering girl children from rural villages around. These institutions provide decent and secured ambience for girls and empowers them to face the world with courage.

The colleges in the town include Government Arts College, which is a state funded college, Sri GVG Visalakhi College founded by late Sri G.V.Govindasamy Naidu is one of the renowned women's college in the area and the privately owned Vidhysagar College of Arts and Science located on the National Highway 209. Rudhraveni Muthusamy Polytechnic is one of the famous polytechnics in the area which provides technical education. Its located between palani and udumalpet on NH 209.

Suguna Institute of Poultry Management studies was started by Suguna Foundation Coimbatore

Economy

Up until 1980s, the town was blessed with good rains from both the South West and North East monsoons and formed a rich agricultural belt cultivating seasonal/annual crops such as groundnut, cotton, maize, sugarcane etc. However, since then, the area has become part of the tail end of both the monsoons. Shortage of farm labor led to conversion of seasonal cropping areas into coconut groves which require heavy irrigation round the year. Both this and the scarcity of the monsoon rains rapidly led to depletion of ground water resources and to a lower water table. The scarcity of ground water resulted in several non-agricultural activities springing up in the town like poultry farms etc.

The town, in the 1980s and 1990s, had a well-developed spinning industry but it has since declined due to labor shortages and other labor related issues. One of the biggest poultry companies in India, Suguna Foods Limited (Formerly Suguna Poultry farm Limited), was founded in this town. There are many paper manufacturing plants located alongside the Amaravathi River. Recently, surrounding areas of the town has seen a huge rise in windmill installations. The location of the town across the Palghat Gap, aids tunneling of the wind flow through the region and aids in wind power generation.

The average altitude of the town is 1208 feet above MSL. The topography is undulated and general slope is from west to North. Black clay soil is the predominant soil of the area. Only 1.25% of land to the total area of the town is covered under agricultural usage. Mainly coconut trees and vegetables are grown in this area., where as, agricultural activities are developed mainly in the hinterlands of the town, wherever water facility is available, wet crops like paddy, sugarcane, etc., are grown in those areas.

Agriculture  :- The average altitude of the town is 1208 feet above MSL. The topography is undulated and general slope is from west to North. Black clay soil is the predominant soil of the area. Only 1.25% of land to the total area of the town is covered under agricultural usage. Mainly coconut trees and vegetables are grown in this area., where as, agricultural activities are developed mainly in the hinterlands of the town, wherever water facility is available, wet crops like paddy, sugarcane, etc., are grown in those areas.

Occupational Pattern  :- According to 1991 Census 33.82% of the total population of the town constitutes the working force. The Secondary and tertiary sectors were the major components of the working population accounting for 32.22% and 60.27% respectively. The primary sector accounted only for 7.81%. The predominant occupation of the town is trade and commerce activities. Trade and Commerce, Manufacturing industrial activities and other services accounts to 27.52%, 24.74% and 23.50% respectively of the total working force.

Rainfall  :- The town gets major rainfall during the south west monsoon period. The average annual rainfall is 501.40mm. Nature of Soil  :- Black and red soil types are found in the town. The soil contains more of alumina and gypsum. While black soil area is utilized for agriculture, the areas with red soil has more urbanized usages.

Transport

The town is well connected with Coimbatore (The district Head Quarter) and other nearby urban settlements by an articulate system of railway and road ways. (Dindigul-Mysore NH and Major District roads). Udumalpet town is well connected with Coimbatore, the District Head quarters and other nearby urban settlements by an articulate system of railway and road transport facilities. The total length of roads, streets within corporate limits is about at 83.022 km. Consisting of 8.983 km of concrete road, 47,772 km. Of B.T roads and 26.627 km of other types of roads. The National highways NH 209, Dindigul-Mysore road and two major district roads (MDR) connecting the Udumalpet town with important urban centers in Coimbatore –Nilgiris Region. The main arterial road for this town is Dindigul-Mysore Road (NH-209). Udumalpet-Dharapuram road, Udumalpet-Tiruppur road and Udumalpet-Dhali road are the sub arterial roads linking with the main west-east arterial namely Dindigul Mysore NH road. The street pattern with in the town are generally narrow about 83.022 km of roads are within the corporate area and about 9.0 km belonging to the category of Major District Roads and National Highways.

How to Reach To Reach Udumalpet  :- By Air The nearest airport is at Coimbatore about 69 km away from Udumalpet. By Rail Six Passenger trains run regularly between Coimbatore and Madurai; Dindigul-Coimbatore and Rameswaram-Palghat. Railway station Phone No. – 04252 223044 By Road Regular Bus services are available from all important cities of Tamil Nadu and Palghat, Munnar of Kerala State.

There are frequent buses to

1.Pollachi 2.Coimbatore (through Pollachi and also Palladam) 3.Palani 4.Palladam 5.Tiruppur (through Palladam) 6.Munnar (Jeep service also available from here) 7.Dharapuram 8.Sathyamangalam 9.Chennai 10.Bangalore 11.Tirunelveli 12.Erode 13.Salem 14.Hosur 15.Ooty 16.Mettupalayam

The town is located in the train route from Rameshwaram to Palakkad / Rameshwaram to Coimbatore / Coimbatore to Howrah Station

Tourism and natural beauty

The town is surrounded by hills and has a good weather throughout the year. Waterfalls in Thirumoorthy hills draw quite a few tourists. It takes half an hour to reach the falls by trekking from the Thirumoorthy Temple. The Thirumoorthy temple is a scenic place with Amanalingeshwarar Thirukkoil at the foot hills. The way atop the hill is pretty exciting up to some 1 km and extremely challenging to go beyond that. It is said if you bend and crawl for about 40 meters beneath a rock behind Panchalingam, you could reach the next layer of Western Ghats, i.e., the plain between two adjacent hills and it is said that even tigers exist there.

A drive on the Udumalpet - Munnar road (SH 17) gives one unforgettable views of the Western Ghats. Chinnar is 25 km (16 mi) from Udumalpet and along the way one passes through the Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park which is famous for the Elephants that inhabit the area. The road to Chinnar crossses the border over the Chinnar River between Tamil Nadu and Kerala. As you enter Kerala, you can see a distinct change in the vegetation upon entering the Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary. While the Tamil Nadu areas have vegetation dominated by shrubs and thorny trees, the vegetation in Kerala is lush green with tall trees. Marayur is 20 km (12 mi) from Chinnar, famous for its sandalwood forests which often fall prey to poachers.

As you drive past Marayur towards Munnar, you can see Anamudi, the highest mountain peak in south part of India to your right. This area also houses the Eravikulam National Park famous for its population of the Nilgiri Tahr, a mountain goat. This area offers abundant scope for mountain trekking. On the trekking route to the Anamudi peak, you can see a trout farm. The rest of the drive towards Munnar is through neatly manicured tea estates owned by Tata Tea Limited and Waterfall Estate. The landscape is also dotted by tea factories and labour lines.

There is also a trekking route from Amaravathi Dam to Kodaikanal which is frequented by the students of the Sainik School, Amaravathinagar (the only Sainik School in Tamil Nadu). The villages surrounding Udumalpet are well known for their beauty. Villages are criss-crossed by Amaravathi River and various irrigation canals. Coconut tree farms are common sight and this area is one of the leading producer of coconuts in the region. The countryside is a popular film shooting spot, providing scenic backgrounds and greenery. Thirumoorthy hills houses a beautiful dam which is a very famous shooting spot for Tamil movies and Malayalam movies.

Temples and other interesting places Thirumoorthi Dam Thirumoorthi Dam is located 20 km away from Udumalpet. It’s a picnic spotand the dam dam is built across the river Balar. Thirumoorthi Koil is located 1 km from Thirumoorthi Dam. It is surrounded by Thirumoorthi hills of western ghats. Here. Lord Bramma, Vishnu, Sivan are sculptured in single stone. The festival is celebrated in the month of February every year (On Maha Sivarathiri) Thirumoorthi Falls Thirumoorthi falls is sifuated 0.5 km from Thirumoorthi Koil and the water flows throughout the year. The water of this falls contains herbals. Amaravathi Dam Amaravathi Dam is built across the river Amaravathi dam is situated 21 km away Udumalpet. The Children park, Play Fields, Crocodile Zoo and Garden are other attractions for children.

Famous temples

  • Prasanna Vinaayagar Temple, Udumalpet town.
  • Maariyamman temple, Udumalpet town.
  • Kamatchi Amman Temple, Udumalpet town.
  • Bazanai temple, Udumalpet town.
  • Sanjeevi Moorthi Temple, Karattumadam near Ravanapuram.
  • kottai mariyamman temple, sangrama nalloor.
  • Ezhumalayaan temple, sevenhills.
  • Ujjaini Mahakaalitemple, Chinnaveerampatti.

Famous Mosque in Udumalpet

  • Poorviga Pallivasal, Udumalpet town
  • Jamia Mosque, Kuttai tidal, Udumalpet town
  • Kozhimadam Pallivasal, Udumalpet town
  • Pallivasal Sivasathi Colony
  • ID-Ha Mosque, Deivasigamani Pattinam
  • Pallivasal, Thandagoundar thottam
  • Khadaria Mosque, Near Palani Road, Udumalpet Town

Famous Church in Udumalpet

  • CSI Church, Dhali Road, Udumalpet
  • RC Church, Dhali Road, Udumalpet

Dams

  • Thirumoorthidam (Thoniyaaru or thirumoorthi falls): This dam supplies water to Udumalai for drinking purpose, this water is famous for its sweetness
  • Amaravathi dam (Amaravathi river & paambaaru)
  • Kaadambaarai dam

Nearest towns

  • Pollachi 29 km
  • Palani 35 km
  • Coimbatore city 69 km
  • Dharapuram 38 km
  • Tirupur 64 km
  • Munnar 91 km

Notable people

  • Udumalai Narayana Kavi, Tamil poet
  • Goundamani, Comedian
  • Madhuranthagi Sadasivam got the first rank in TNPSC Group I exam in 2013
  • M.VARUN TEJ RAM, one of the national toppers in IIT-JEE 2012.
  • .B.Soundararajan, founder of Suguna Poultry Products ltd.
  • Smt. Vasantha Kumari, Chief Educational Officer(Retd.), Tamil Nadu

References

External links

  • Information on Udumalaipettai

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