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São Paulo State University

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São Paulo State University

São Paulo State University
Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho"
Established 1976
Type Public university system
Budget R$1,496 billion [1]
Rector Julio Cezar Durigan[2]
Academic staff
3,316 [1]
Administrative staff
7,138 [1]
Students 47,917 [1]
Undergraduates 35,284 [1]
Postgraduates 12,633 [1]
Location Araçatuba, Araraquara, Assis, Bauru, Botucatu, Dracena, Franca, Guaratinguetá, Ilha Solteira, Itapeva, Jaboticabal, Marília, Ourinhos, Presidente Prudente, Registro, Rio Claro, Rosana, São João da Boa Vista, São José do Rio Preto, São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Santos, Sorocaba and Tupã, São Paulo, Brazil

São Paulo State University (Portuguese: Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho", UNESP) is one of the six public universities of the Brazilian state of São Paulo, with USP, UFABC, UNIFESP, UFSCar and UNICAMP. It is part of the state’s higher education system.

UNESP has a combined student body of almost 40,000 spread among its 23 campuses. The first of them is the Araraquara Pharmacy and Odontology Faculty, founded in 1923 and incorporated by the state of São Paulo in 1956. Before the university’s official foundation in 1976, its original 12 campuses were public independent faculties.

UNESP has 33 faculties or institutes, 30 libraries, two hospitals, three animal hospitals, five farms and seven complementary units.

São Paulo State University is considered the sixth most important university in Brazil, according to the Ranking Universitário Folha,[3] ninth most important university in the QS Latin American University Rankings.[4] It is ranked amongst the 300 best universities in the world as of the "Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2012[5]" and third best in the QS World University Ranking#Brics 2014.[6]


  • History 1
  • Governance 2
    • UNESP rectors 2.1
  • Campuses 3
  • Complementary units 4
  • Admissions 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


Universities in Brazil are a recent phenomenon, compared to other Latin American countries. It was in 1808 that the first one was created (Rio de Janeiro Medicine Faculty). Before the 20th century, there was not a single university in the country. All of them were public or church-maintained higher education independent institutes.

Rio de Janeiro Federal University was the first one, containing every faculty inside Rio de Janeiro city in 1926. São Paulo’s first university was USP, founded in 1933. By the 1950s, countryside people had to move toward capitals for undergraduate study. There were few higher education institutes outside Brazilian metropolises then. São Paulo state government created many colleges outside the capital in the 1950s and 1960s. Preeminent cities in the state received these isolated institutes, known as “Faculdade de Filosofia”.

In the 1970s, discussions were made within state government on how to coordinate the separate institutes. One idea was to join the 14 institutes in a federation or a single university. The decision would be the latter.

Inspired by the University of California multi-campus system, UNESP was founded in 1976. The original campuses were in Araçatuba, Araraquara, Assis, Botucatu, Franca, Guaratinguetá, Ilha Solteira, Jaboticabal, Marília, Presidente Prudente, Rio Claro, São José dos Campos, São José do Rio Preto and São Paulo. Bauru campus was incorporated in 1988.


UNESP is governed by a rector, appointed by the state governor who chose one in a list of three nominees. These nominees are indicated by elections among university’s academics held every four years. Usually, the governor selects the winner of those elections.

The rector presides over the University Council, comprised by directors of every institute in the system and academic representatives. There are ten students representatives. Council takes most decisions that affect the university.

Each institute (there are campus with more than one) has one director and a council who rules with a degree of autonomy.

UNESP rectors

  • Luis Ferreira Martins (10/03/1976 – 09/03/1980)
  • Armando Octávio Ramos (10/03/1980 – 08/03/1984)
  • Manuel Nunes Dias (27/03/1984 – 31/07/1984), pro-tempore
  • Jorge Nagle (01/08/1984 – 16/01/1989)
  • Milton Barbosa Landim (17/01/1989 – 15/01/1993)
  • Artur Roquete de Macedo (16/01/1993 – 14/01/1997)
  • Antônio Manuel dos Santos Silva (15/01/1997 – 14/01/2001)
  • José Carlos Souza Trindade (15/01/2001 – 14/01/2005)
  • Marcos Macari (15/01/2005 - 14/01/2009)
  • Herman Jacobus Cornelis Voorwald (since 15/01/2009)


São Paulo State University has 23 campuses and 33 institutes:

  • Araçatuba Campus
    • Faculdade de Odontologia de Araçatuba (FOA) (Araçatuba Dental School)
    • Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária (FMV) (Faculty of Veterinary Medicine)
  • Araraquara Campus
    • Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas (FCF) (Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences)
    • Faculdade de Ciências e Letras (FCL) (Faculty of Science and Letters)
    • Faculdade de Odontologia (FO) (Dental School)
    • Instituto de Química (IQ) (Institute of Chemistry)
  • Assis Campus
    • Faculdade de Ciências e Letras (FCL) (Faculty of Science and Letters)
  • Bauru Campus
    • Faculdade de Arquitetura, Artes e Comunicação (FAAC) (Faculty of Architecture, Arts and Communication)
    • Faculdade de Ciências (FC) (Faculty of Sciences)
    • Faculdade de Engenharia de Bauru (FEB) (Bauru School of Engineering)
  • Botucatu Campus
    • Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas (FCA) (Faculty of Agricultural Sciences)
    • Faculdade de Medicina (FM) (Medical School)
    • Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ) (Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science)
    • Instituto de Biociências (IB) (Institute of Biosciences)
  • Campus Experimental de Dracena (Experimental Campus of Dracena)
  • Franca Campus
    • Faculdade de História, Direito e Serviço Social (FHDSS) (Faculty of History, Law and Social Service)
  • Guaratinguetá Campus
    • Faculdade de Engenharia de Guaratinguetá (FEG) (Guaratinguetá School of Engineering)
  • Ilha Solteira Campus
    • Faculdade de Engenharia de Ilha Solteira (FEIS) (Ilha Solteira School of Engineering)
  • Campus Experimental de Itapeva (Experimental Campus of Itapeva)
  • Jaboticabal Campus
    • Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias (FCAV) (Faculty of Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences)
  • Marília Campus
    • Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciências (FFC) (Faculty of Philosophy and Sciences)
  • Campus Experimental de Ourinhos (Experimental Campus of Ourinhos)
  • Presidente Prudente, São Paulo|Presidente Prudente Campus
    • Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia (FCT) (Faculty of Science and Technology)
  • Campus Experimental de Registro (Experimental Campus of Registro)
  • Rio Claro Campus
    • Instituto de Biociências (IB) (Institute of Biosciences)
    • Instituto de Geociências e Ciências Exatas (IGCE) (Institute of Geosciences and Exact Sciences)
  • Campus Experimental de Rosana (Experimental Campus of Rosana)
  • São João da Boa Vista Campus
  • São José do Rio Preto Campus
    • Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas (IBILCE) (Institute of Biosciences, Arts and Exact Sciences)
  • São José dos Campos Campus
    • Faculdade de Odontologia de São José dos Campos (FOSJC) (São José dos Campos Dental School)
  • São Paulo Campus
    • Instituto de Artes (IA) (Institute of Arts)
    • Instituto de Física Teórica (IFT) (Institute for Theoretical Physics)
    • Núcleo de Educação a Distância (NEaD) (Center for Distance Education)
  • Campus do Litoral Paulista (São Vicente) (Campus of São Paulo Coast)
  • 'Sorocaba'Campus
  • Campus Experimental de Tupã (Experimental Campus of Tupã)

Complementary units

  • UNESP, São Paulo
    • Instituto de Física Teórica (IFT) (Institute for Theoretical Physics)


Admissions to UNESP are made through an exam, known as vestibular. For architecture, arts and design undergraduate courses, a specific exam is also required.

Prepared by VUNESP, an institution specialized in exams organization, UNESP vestibular are held on three days, separated in two phases. The first phase consists of 90 questions in the following disciplines: philosophy, Portuguese, mathematics, chemistry, biology, geography, history, physics and English or Spanish. The second phase of exams, separated in two days, is made up of specific questions in Humane and Natural Sciences on the first day. The second day of the second phase consists of specific questions in Languages (Portuguese and English or Spanish) and a writing exam.

A student can only apply for a single course in the São Paulo State University system. For example, a student cannot simultaneously apply for History in Franca and Geography in Presidente Prudente, São Paulo|Presidente Prudente.

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP". Retrieved 30 October 2010. 
  2. ^ "UNESP: Reitoria - Portal da Universidade". Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Ranking Universitário Folha". Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  4. ^ "QS University Rankings: Latin America 2014". Top Universities. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ "QS University Rankings: BRICS 2014". Top Universities. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 

External links

  • Universidade Estadual Paulista, Official website
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista, Official website in English

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