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University of Bucharest

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Title: University of Bucharest  
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Subject: Education in Romania, Ion Heliade Rădulescu, Bucharest, Ciprian Foias, Gheorghe Țițeica
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University of Bucharest

University of Bucharest
Motto Virtute et sapientia (Latin: "By virtue and wisdom")
Established 1864
Type Public
Rector Mircea Dumitru
Academic staff
1,279
Students 31,805 (2012-2013)[1]
Undergraduates 21,772
Postgraduates 10,033
Location Bucharest, Romania
Website http://www.unibuc.ro

The University of Bucharest (Romanian: Universitatea din București), in Romania, is a university founded in 1864 by decree of Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza to convert the former Saint Sava Academy into the current University of Bucharest. It is the second oldest modern university in Romania.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Post-1989 history 2
  • Studies and Research 3
  • Ranking 4
    • Faculties 4.1
    • International Programs 4.2
  • Facilities 5
    • Buildings 5.1
  • Faculty, alumni and rectors 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

In 1694 Constantin Brâncoveanu, ruler of Wallachia, had founded the Princely Academy of Saint Sava in Bucharest with lectures delivered in Greek. In 1776, Alexander Ypsilantis, ruler of Wallachia, reformed the curriculum of the Saint Sava Academy, where courses of French, Italian and Latin were now taught. In 1859, the Faculty of Law was created. In 1857, Carol Davila created the Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy. In 1857, the foundation stone of the University Palace in Bucharest was laid.

The original 1857 project of the University main building, by Alexandru Orăscu

On July 4/16 1864 Prince Alexander John Cuza created the University of Bucharest, bringing together the Faculties of Law, Sciences and Letters as one single body. In the following years, new faculties were created: 1884 – the Faculty of Theology; 1906 – the Institute of Geology; 1913 – the Academic Institute for Electrotechnology; 1921 – the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine; 1923 – the Faculty of Pharmacy, 1924 – the Mina Minovici Institute of Forensic Medicine.

In 1956, student leaders, mainly from this university, planned a peaceful protest against Romania's Communist regime but were forcibly prevented from carrying it out. (See Bucharest student movement of 1956)

For a while (1950s-early 1960s?), it was called the "C. I. Parhon University", after C. I. Parhon.

Post-1989 history

The area around the old University building (the University Square), adjacent to the C. A. Rosetti, Roman, Kogălniceanu, and Union Squares was the scene of many riots, protests and clashes with the security forces during the Romanian Revolution of 1989. During the months of April–June 1990, the University of Bucharest was the centre of anti-communist protests.

In 1996, Emil Constantinescu, the then rector of the University of Bucharest, was elected President of Romania, after defeating Ion Iliescu in national presidential elections.

Studies and Research

Ranking

In the 2012 QS World University Rankings University of Bucharest was included in the Top 700 universities of the world, together with three other Romanian universities.[2][3]

Faculties

Main building of the University

The University of Bucharest has 19 faculties, covering fields such as natural sciences, humanities, social sciences, and theology:

  • Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science
  • Faculty of Business and Administration
  • Faculty of Physics
  • Faculty of Chemistry
  • Faculty of Biology
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Geography
  • Faculty of Philosophy
  • Faculty of Geology and Geophysics
  • Faculty of Journalism and Communication Studies
  • Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literatures
  • Faculty of Political Science
  • Faculty of Letters
  • Faculty of Sociology and Social Work
  • Faculty of History
  • Faculty of Psychology and Educational Studies
  • Faculty of Baptist Theology
  • Faculty of Orthodox Theology
  • Faculty of Roman Catholic Theology and Social Work
The Central University Library, housed in a rich neo-baroque structure

The University also has a publishing house, different research institutes and research groups (such as the Institute for Political Research, the Institute for Mathematics, the Center for Byzantine Studies, the Vasile Pârvan Archeology Seminary, the Center for Nuclear Research, etc.), master and doctorate programmes, and a number of lifelong learning facilities and programmes. It has partnership agreements with over 50 universities in 40 countries, and participates in European programmes such as ERASMUS, Lingua, Naric, Leonardo da Vinci, UNICA, AMOS, TEMPUS, TEMPRA. It is an accredited Cisco Academy, has Microsoft curriculum, and is accredited by Red Hat for its academic programme.

The University of Bucharest has been awarded the 2000 National Academic Excellence Diploma, and the 2004 National Academic Excellence Medal. All of the degrees and diplomas awarded by the university are internationally recognised.

International Programs

The University of Bucharest is a member of international organisations including: - The Association of Universities in European Capitals (UNICA) - The Network of South-East European Universities - The European University Association (EUA) - Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF) - Black Sea Universities Network (BSUN) - Academic Cooperation Association (ACA) - European Inter-University Centre for Human Rights and Democratization (EIUC) - Eurasian Universities Union (EURAS) - SEE GRID - South-East Europe GRID - 2005 - Central European Exchange Program for University Studies (CEEPUS) - ERASMUS NETWORK EUE-NET - Educational Structutre in Europe, Phase IV (TUNING) - European Physics Education Network (EUPEN) - Stakeholders Tune European Physics Studies (STEPS)

As part of on-going ERASMUS programme, the University of Bucharest has approximately 225 Erasmus agreements with European partner universities.

Facilities

Buildings

The University of Bucharest has a number of buildings throughout Bucharest, so in that respect it does not have a single campus. Its two main buildings are:

  • The Old Building, in the University Square (practically right in the center of the city), housing the Faculties of Mathematics and Computer Science, History, Chemistry, Geography, Letters and the Department of Romance Languages and Literatures.
  • The Kogălniceanu Building, near the Opera House, housing the Administrative section and the Faculty of Law.

Other faculties have their own buildings and research facilities, scattered throughout the city, such as:

  • The Departments of Germanic, Slavic and Oriental Languages and Literatures, on Pitar Moş Street.
  • The Faculty of Physics, in the small town of Măgurele, situated 16 km (9.9 mi) south of Bucharest.
  • The Faculty of Political Science, on Sfântu Ştefan Street.
  • The Faculty of Orthodox Theology, in the Unirii Square

The University prints a yearly guide for freshmen.

Faculty, alumni and rectors

See also

References

  1. ^ Culture and Discovery
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ Found guilty by the Commission of Ethics of this university of plagiarizing his PhD thesis in law, see Quirin Schiermeier Conflicting verdicts on Romanian prime minister's plagiarism. Victor Ponta cleared of misconduct by government ethics board, but charges reaffirmed by university. Nature, 20 July 2012.

External links

  • (English) Official site

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