World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

University of Missouri Research Reactor Center

Article Id: WHEBN0010400448
Reproduction Date:

Title: University of Missouri Research Reactor Center  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: University of Missouri, University of Missouri College of Engineering, Copper-64, Washington State University Reactor, University of Massachusetts Lowell Radiation Laboratory
Collection: Nuclear Reactors, University of Missouri Campus
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

University of Missouri Research Reactor Center

The University of Missouri Research Reactor Center (MURR) is home to a tank-type nuclear research reactor that serves the University of Missouri's Nuclear Science and Engineering Institute (NSEI)[1] in Columbia. As of March 2012, the MURR is the highest power university research reactor in the U.S. at 10 megawatt thermal output. The fuel is highly enriched uranium.[2]

Contents

  • History and overview 1
  • Licensing 2
  • Research 3
    • Archaeometry Laboratory 3.1
    • Neutron scattering 3.2
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History and overview

In 1959, University President neutron activation analysis. Four years later MURR began operating at 10 MW, making it the highest powered U.S. university reactor. Ir-192 was first produced at MURR for fighting breast cancer in 1976. The first small angle neutron scattering (SANS) spectrometer in the U.S. was installed in 1980. In 1986 the first experiments were performed that lead to developing Quadramet and TheraSphere, which were later approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for helping fight against bone and liver cancer respectively.[3]

Since 2000, systematic upgrades, renovation, and renewal to MURR facilities and instrumentation in preparation for the next 20 years of licensed operation have taken place. In 2002, a 6,000 sq ft (560 m2) building addition opened the way for expansion into cGMP scaleup of isotopes. Groundbreaking began in 2006 on a 25,000 sq ft (2,300 m2) addition to house laboratories, classrooms and offices to advance interdisciplinary research, education and treatment of patients. As of March 2012, MURR supports research of approximately 400 faculty and 150 graduate students representing more than 180 departments from more than 100 international universities and around 40 federal and industrial labs every year. A cyclotron that will supply mid-Missouri with isotopes for PET imaging and support additional research, development, and clinical trials has been installed.[4]

Licensing

Some important reactor events are summarized here.

Year Change
1966 Commenced operation
1974 100% power upgrade
1977 More than 50% increase in operating hours, allowing reactor to maintain over 150 hours per week of operation
2001 Original Nuclear Regulatory Commission license expired
2026 New 20-year license to expire, at which point either decommissioning or additional license extension would occur[3]

MURR began the process to renew its operating license in 2006, and responded to requests for additional information in 2009 and 2010.[5] Once approval has been granted (MURR is still going through the process as of April 2012), the reactor will be licensed to operate until 2026.[2]

Research

The MURR contributes to research in boron neutron capture therapy, neutron scattering and neutron interferometry, neutron transmutation doping of semiconductor materials, use of radioisotopes for imaging and treatment of cancer, epidemiology, and archaeology, along with many others.

Archaeometry Laboratory

The Archaeometry Laboratory at MURR has been funded by National Science Foundation (NSF) since 1988. The neutron activation capabilities are used to characterize over 30 major, minor, and trace elements in archaeological and geological materials.[6] In addition to neutron activation, the laboratory maintains and operates two X-ray fluorescence spectrometers, multiple ICP-mass spectrometers, and a multi-collector ICP-MS for isotope-ratio mass spectrometry. The laboratory is one of only a handful of facilities in the world to have access to all of these analytical methods.

Data generated by the laboratory are typically used by archaeologists to study issues relating to provenance (geological source) that facilitate understanding of trade and exchange in prehistory. The laboratory also handles analyses of geological materials in support of geology, soil science, and other environmental sciences.[7]

Neutron scattering

The neutron scattering program at MURR has a long and productive history. On the one hand, many prominent scientists have graduated from this program and benefited from the in depth, hands on experience afforded by MURR's unique combination of high neutron flux and proximity to a flagship campus (the University of Missouri). On the other hand, cutting edge research continues on the four active neutron scattering instruments of MURR's beamport floor: Triax (a triple-axis spectrometer), NR/GANS (a neutron reflectometer with spin-polarized capability), 2X-C (a multi-detector diffractometer), and PSD (a high-resolution diffractometer with position sensitive detectors). Furthermore, the landmark neutron interferometry experiments performed here have played an important role in opening the field of experimental quantum mechanics.

References

  • Perez, Pedro B. (2000). "University Research Reactors: Contributing to the National Scientific and Engineering Infrastructure from 1953 to 2000 and Beyond". National Organization of Test, Research and Training Reactors. 
  1. ^ http://nsei.missouri.edu/ Nuclear Science and Engineering Institute
  2. ^ a b "http://murr.missouri.edu/operations.php". Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  3. ^ a b http://web.missouri.edu/~umcreactorweb/pages/rnr_milestones.pdf
  4. ^ Relicensing
  5. ^ Ralph Butler. "University of Missouri Research Reactor (MURR) License Renewal Experience". 
  6. ^ "http://archaeometry.missouri.edu/". Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "http://archaeometry.missouri.edu/naa_applications.html". Retrieved 8 February 2014. 

External links

  • Official website
  • ABC's Radioactive Roadtrip Security Review of the Research Reactor Center
  • MURR's Neutron Scattering program

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.